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Medicine-1

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medmaestro's version from 2016-01-23 20:26

Section

SOME PSEUDO STUFF
Question Answer
Pseudo breonchiectasispertussis
Pseudo anemialow affinity haemoglobin
Pseudo thrombocytopeniaBlood mixed with EDTA
Pseudo lymphomaPhenytoin,Phenobarbitone,Sjogren’s syndrome
Pseudo porphyrianaproxen
Pseudo jaundicerifampicin
Pseudo gouthemochromatosis
Pseudo elephantiasis or psedo buboDonovanosis
Pseudo dementiadepression
Pseudo diarrhoeairritable bowel syndrome,Proctitis
Pseudo claudificationcauda equine compression
Pseudo kidney signIntussusception,Ileo-caecal TB
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Question Answer
Pseudo Hypertrphy of calf muscleDuchene muscular dystrophy
Pseudo hyphaecandida
Pseudo tumour approachwound excision
Pseudo tumour syndromeIschemic colitis ,Hemophilia
Pseudo cushing’s syndromeObesity,Chronic alcoholism,Depression
Pseudo hyponatremiamultiple myeloma
Pseudo hypokalemiamarked leukocytosis(CML)
Pseudo hyperkalemiaprolonged use of Torniquet,Hemolysis,marked leukocytosis or thrombocytosis
Pseudo escharsilver sulphadiazine cream
Pseudo fractureosteomalacia
Pseudo coxalgiaPerthe’s disease
Pseudo aldosteronismLiddle’s syndrome
Pseudo aneurysmpancreatitis
Pseudo appendicitisCampylobacter jejuni
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Question Answer
Pseudo chylous pleural effusionTB+RA(Rheumatoid arthritis)
Pseudo paralysishypokalemia,scurvy,osteomyelitis,septic arthritis ,congenital syphilis
Pseudo papillitishypermetropia
Pseudo phlebitisHemophilia A (Venous congestion)
Pseudo membranous conjunctivitisSteven Johnson syndrome
Pseudo horn cystSeborrhoeic keratosis
Pseudo ptosisBlepharospasm
Pseudo Thalamic syndromeAnterior parietal Infarct
Pseudo obstruction of intestineOgilvie syndrome
Pseudo LaryngobronchitisAspergillus
Pseudo HookwormTrichostrongyliasis
Pseudo Kaposi sarcomaAcral Angiodermatitis due to AV Fistula & venous hypertension
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  HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA
Question Answer
IFamilial Chylomicronemia
IIaFamilial hypercholesterolemia ; Sitosterolemia
IIbFamilial Combined Hyperlpidemia
IIIFamilial Dysbetalipoproteinemia
IV & VFamilial Hypertriglyceridemia
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HYPERSENSITIVITY PNEUMONITIS
DISEASESOURCEANTIGEN/AGENT
Farmer’s lungMouldy hay ,straw ,grain dustMicropolyspora faeni (Thermophilic actinomyces),Aspergillus fumigates
Bird fancier’s lungAvian excreta & feathersAvian serum proteins
Malt worker’s lungMouldy malting/barley Aspergillus clavatus or Aspergillus fumigatus
Byssinosistextile industrycotton,flax ,hemp dust
Bagassosissugarcane dust (bagasse)Thermoactinomyces sacchari
Humidifier or air conditioner lung –VENTILATION PNEUMONITIScontaminated water in humidifierThermophilic actinomyces,Aureobasidium pullulans,Candida albicans,Mycobacterium species
Cheese washer’s lungMouldy cheesePenicillium casei
Maple bark stripper’s lungbark from stored maplecrypptostroma corticale
Chemical worker’s lungpolyurethane foam ,varnishes,lacquerIsocyanates
Compost lungcompostaspergillus
Detergent worker’s diseasedetergentBacillus subtilis enzymes (subtilisins)
Hot tub lungmold on ceiling ,contaminated waterCladosporium species,Mycobacterium avium complex
Miller’s lunginfested wheat flourSitophilus granaries (Wheat weevil)
Sausage worker’s lungdry sausage mouldPenicillium nalgiovense
Tobacco worker’s lungmould on tobaccoAspergillus species
Tap water lungcontaminated tap waterMycobacterium species esp Myc . gordonae
Thatched roof diseasedried grasses and leavesSaccharomonospora viridis
Wine grower’s lungMould on grapesBotrytis cinerea
Wood trimmer’s diseasecontaminated wood trimmingsRhizopus spp.,Mucor spp
Wood man’s diseaseOak 7 Maple treesPenicillium species
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CHANNELOPATHIES
Question Answer
Paramyotonia congenitalSodium
Hyperkalemic periodic paralysisSodium
Familial hemiplegic migraine 2Sodium
Generalized epilepsy with febrile convulsionsSodium
Myotonia congenital (Thomsen’s disease)Chloride
Hypokalemic periodic paralysisCalcium
Malignant hyperthermiaCalcium
Spinocerebellar ataxia 6Calcium
Familial hemiplegic migraine 1Calcium
Episodic ataxia type 2Calcium
Episodic ataxia type 1Potassium
Benign neonatal familial convulsionsPotassium
Jevell and Lange-Nielson syndrome (Deafness,prolonged QT interval and arrhythmia)Potassium
Autosomal dominant progressive deafnessPotassium
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  TREMORS IN DISEASES
Question Answer
Resting TremorParkinson’s Disease
Postural TremorThyrotoxicosis,Multiple sclerosis
Intentional TremorCerebellar lesion
Flapping Tremor/ASTEREXISRespiratory failure,Renal failure,Liver failure,Metabolic encephalopathy
Perioral tremorGeneral paralysis of Insane
Oscillatory tremorSpinocerebellar Ataxia 1
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CEREBRAL ABSCESSES
SITESOURCEORGANISM
Frontal lobeParanasal sinuses,TeethStreptococci,Anaerobes
Temporal lobeMiddle earStreptococci ,Enterobacteriaceae
CerebellumSphenoid sinus,Mastoid/Middle earPseudomonas,Anaerobes
Any sitePenetrating traumaStaphylococcus
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