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Medicinal plants of the DOH

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allelipraise's version from 2017-09-03 19:51

Section 1

Question Answer
AkapulkoCassia alata L.
Akapulko(indication)Ringworm and other fungal infections of the skin
Akapulko(description)Shrub, 3 meters or more;With yellow flower on the tip of the stem
AkapulkoFabaceae
AmpalayaMomordica charantia
Ampalaya(indication)Diabetes mellitus (mild non-insulin dependent)
Ampalaya(description)Vine, with flower and fruit bearing;Vegetble family, the leaves and fruits can be eaten
BawangAllium sativum
Bawang(indication)Reduce blood cholesterol
Bawang(description)Cloves used as spice;Elongated leaves with flower
BayabasPsidium guajava L.
LagundiVitex negundo L.
SambongBlumea balsamifera (L.) DC
Yerba BuenaMentha cordifolia Opizex Fresen
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Section 2

Question Answer
Extractsdefined as preparations of crude drugs which contain all the constituents which are soluble in the solvent used in making the extract.
Soft extracts and fluid extracts prepared with mixtures of water and ethanol as solvent.
Tinctures prepared by extraction of the crude drug with five to ten parts of ethanol of varying concentration, without concentration of the final product.
Infusion:method, the plant material (herbal tea) is placed in a pot and wetted with cold water. Immediately afterwards, boiling water is poured over it, then left to stand, covered with a lid, for about fifteen minutes after which the tea is poured off.
Maceration:method is used frequently for water soluble active constituents. It consists of macerating the plant material in cold water (15-20°) for several hours.
Percolation:method, the ground plant material is subjected to a slow flow of fresh solvent.
Digestion:method is suitable for hard barks or woods which are difficult for water to penetrate.
Decoction:plant material is boiled for ten minutes or if boiling water is poured over it and allowed to stand for thirty minutes
Continuous hot extraction method: procedure is considered as the most common method used for the extraction of organic constituents from dried plant tissue
Solvent-solvent ppt.The extract dissolved in a suitable solvent, is mixed with a less polar but miscible solvent causing the selective precipitation of the less soluble plant constituent.
Solvent-solvent ppt.By the addition of the extract to a solvent in which the constituents is insoluble or very sparingly soluble
Liquid-liquid extractionsolvent extraction and partitioning
Liquid-liquid extraction,method to separate compounds based on their relative solubilities in two different immiscible liquids, usually water and an organic solvent. It is an extraction of a substance from one liquid phase into another liquid phase.
Liquid-liquid extractionbasic technique in phytochemical laboratories, where it is performed using a separatory funnel.
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