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Medications to Know - Primary Side Effects Part 2

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teaherbalist2's version from 2016-07-16 21:15

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Question Answer
Citalopram1) Lightheadedness, 2) Syncope, 3) Sweating, 4) Diarrhea, 5) Nausea, 6) Xerostomia, 7) Confusion, 8) Dizziness, 9) Somnolence, 10) Tremor, 11) Hallucinations, 12) Disorder of ejaculation, 13) Impotence, 14) Rhinitis, 15) Fatigue, 16) Female sexual disorder
Escitalopram1) Lightheadedness, 2) Syncope, 3) Sweating, 4) Diarrhea, 5) Nausea, 6) Xerostomia, 7) Confusion, 8) Dizziness, 9) Somnolence, 10) Tremor, 11) Hallucinations, 12) Disorder of ejaculation, 13) Impotence, 14) Rhinitis, 15) Fatigue, 16) Female sexual disorder
Fluoxetine1) Lightheadedness, 2) Syncope, 3) Sweating, 4) Diarrhea, 5) Nausea, 6) Xerostomia, 7) Confusion, 8) Dizziness, 9) Somnolence, 10) Tremor, 11) Hallucinations, 12) Disorder of ejaculation, 13) Impotence, 14) Rhinitis, 15) Fatigue, 16) Female sexual disorder
Paroxetine1) Lightheadedness, 2) Syncope, 3) Sweating, 4) Diarrhea, 5) Nausea, 6) Xerostomia, 7) Confusion, 8) Dizziness, 9) Somnolence, 10) Tremor, 11) Hallucinations, 12) Disorder of ejaculation, 13) Impotence, 14) Rhinitis, 15) Fatigue, 16) Female sexual disorder
Sertraline1) Lightheadedness, 2) Syncope, 3) Sweating, 4) Diarrhea, 5) Nausea, 6) Xerostomia, 7) Confusion, 8) Dizziness, 9) Somnolence, 10) Tremor, 11) Hallucinations, 12) Disorder of ejaculation, 13) Impotence, 14) Rhinitis, 15) Fatigue, 16) Female sexual disorder
Amitriptyline1) Anticholinergic symptoms, 2) Weight gain, 3) Bloating, 4) Blurred vision, 5) Xerostomia, 6) Constipation, 7) Asthenia, 8) Dizziness, 9) Somnolence, 10) HA, 11), Fatigue
Doxepin1) Anticholinergic symptoms, 2) Weight gain, 3) Bloating, 4) Blurred vision, 5) Xerostomia, 6) Constipation, 7) Asthenia, 8) Dizziness, 9) Somnolence, 10) HA, 11), Fatigue
Imipramine1) Anticholinergic symptoms, 2) Weight gain, 3) Bloating, 4) Blurred vision, 5) Xerostomia, 6) Constipation, 7) Asthenia, 8) Dizziness, 9) Somnolence, 10) HA, 11), Fatigue
Nortriptyline1) Anticholinergic symptoms, 2) Weight gain, 3) Bloating, 4) Blurred vision, 5) Xerostomia, 6) Constipation, 7) Asthenia, 8) Dizziness, 9) Somnolence, 10) HA, 11), Fatigue
Duloxetine1) Palpitations, 2) Diaphoresis, 3) Constipation, 4) Decreased appetite, 5) N/D, 6) Xerostomia, 7) Asthenia, 8) Dizziness, 9) Insomnia, 10) Somnolence, 11) Vertigo, 12) Blurred vision, 13) Polyuria, 14) ↓ Libido, 15) Cough, 16) Nasopharyngitis, 17) Fatigue
Venlafaxine1) Hypertension, 2) Diaphoresis, 3) Weight loss, 4) Constipation, 5) Loss of appetite, 6) Nausea, 7) Xerostomia, 8) Insomnia, 9) Somnolence, 10) Erectile dysfunction
Desvenlafaxine1) Orthostatic hypotension (elderly), 2) Nausea, 3) Dizziness, 4) Insomnia, 5) Hyperhidrosis, 6) Constipation, 7) Somnolence, 8) Decreased appetite, 9) Anxiety, 10) Male sexual dysfunction
Bupropion1) Taste disturbance, 2) Agitation, 3) ↑ Seizure activity
Mirtazapine1) ↑ Appetite, 2) Hyperlipidemia, 3) Weight gain, 4) Constipation, 5) ↑ LFTs
Alprazolam1) Somnolence, 2) Ataxia, 3) Dizziness, 4) Changes in appetite, 5) ↓ Libido, 6) Confusion, 7) Constipation, 8) Blurred vision
Clonazepam1) Somnolence, 2) Ataxia, 3) Dizziness, 4) Changes in appetite, 5) ↓ Libido, 6) Confusion, 7) Constipation, 8) Blurred vision
Diazepam1) Somnolence, 2) Ataxia, 3) Dizziness, 4) Changes in appetite, 5) ↓ Libido, 6) Confusion, 7) Constipation, 8) Blurred vision
Lorazepam1) Somnolence, 2) Ataxia, 3) Dizziness, 4) Changes in appetite, 5) ↓ Libido, 6) Confusion, 7) Constipation, 8) Blurred vision
Buspirone1) HA, 2) Dizziness, 3) Nausea, 4) Hostility, 5) Confusion, 6) Drowsiness
Lithium1) V/D, 2) Drowsiness, 3) Muscle weakness, 4) Lack of coordination, 5) Ataxia, 6) Blurred vision, 7) Tinnitus
Prochlorperazine1) Orthostatic hypotension, 2) Drowsiness, 3) Xerostomia, 4) Constipation, 5) Nausea, 6) Urinary retention, 7) Photosensitivity, 8) Extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS), 9) Neuroleptic malignant syndrome
Haloperidol1) Xerostomia, 2) Drowsiness, 3) Constipation, 4) Nausea, 5) Urinary retention, 6) Blurred vision, 7) EPS, 8) Dyspepsia, 9) Priapism, 10) QT prolongation
Aripiprazole1) Weight gain, 2) Constipation, 3) N/V/D, 4) Akathisia, 5) Hyperglycemia, 6) Hyperlipidemia, 7) Anxiety, 8) Restlessness, 9) Sedation 10) Prolonged QT, 11) Tachycardia, Rare: 12) Hyperprolactinemia, 13) EPS, 14) Tardive dyskinesia
Olanzapine1) Weight gain, 2) Constipation, 3) N/V/D, 4) Akathisia, 5) Hyperglycemia, 6) Hyperlipidemia, 7) Anxiety, 8) Restlessness, 9) Sedation 10) Prolonged QT, 11) Tachycardia, Rare: 12) Hyperprolactinemia, 13) EPS, 14) Tardive dyskinesia
Paliperidone1) Weight gain, 2) Constipation, 3) N/V/D, 4) Akathisia, 5) Hyperglycemia, 6) Hyperlipidemia, 7) Anxiety, 8) Restlessness, 9) Sedation 10) Prolonged QT, 11) Tachycardia, Rare: 12) Hyperprolactinemia, 13) EPS, 14) Tardive dyskinesia
Quetiapine1) Weight gain, 2) Constipation, 3) N/V/D, 4) Akathisia, 5) Hyperglycemia, 6) Hyperlipidemia, 7) Anxiety, 8) Restlessness, 9) Sedation 10) Prolonged QT, 11) Tachycardia, Rare: 12) Hyperprolactinemia, 13) EPS, 14) Tardive dyskinesia
Risperidone1) Weight gain, 2) Constipation, 3) N/V/D, 4) Akathisia, 5) Hyperglycemia, 6) Hyperlipidemia, 7) Anxiety, 8) Restlessness, 9) Sedation 10) Prolonged QT, 11) Tachycardia, Rare: 12) Hyperprolactinemia, 13) EPS, 14) Tardive dyskinesia
Ziprasidone1) Weight gain, 2) Constipation, 3) N/V/D, 4) Akathisia, 5) Hyperglycemia, 6) Hyperlipidemia, 7) Anxiety, 8) Restlessness, 9) Sedation 10) Prolonged QT, 11) Tachycardia, Rare: 12) Hyperprolactinemia, 13) EPS, 14) Tardive dyskinesia
Eszopiclone1) HA, 2) Taste disturbance, 3) Xerostomia, 4) Dizziness, 5) Nausea, 6) Somnolence, 7) CNS depression, 8) Sleep-related activities (incidence increased with above max dosing or alcohol use), 9) Behavior changes (aggression, agitation, hallucinations, ↓ inhibition, and depersonalization)
Zolpidem1) HA, 2) Taste disturbance, 3) Xerostomia, 4) Dizziness, 5) Nausea, 6) Somnolence, 7) CNS depression, 8) Sleep-related activities (incidence increased with above max dosing or alcohol use), 9) Behavior changes (aggression, agitation, hallucinations, ↓ inhibition, and depersonalization)
Temazepam1) Somnolence, 2) Dizziness, 3) Hypokinesia, 4) Hangover effect, 5) Abnormal coordination, 6) Confusion, 7) Xerostomia, 8) Constipation
MethylphenidateGeneral: 1) Anorexia, 2) Nausea, 3) Insomnia, 4) Dizziness, 5) Light-headedness, 6) Irritability, 7) Blurred vision, 8) Priapism. CV: 9) ↑ BP, 10) Tachycardia. Psychiatric: 11) Exacerbate anxiety, mania, aggression, hostility, depression
Dextroamphetamine and Amphetamine IRGeneral: 1) Anorexia, 2) Nausea, 3) Insomnia, 4) Dizziness, 5) Light-headedness, 6) Irritability, 7) Blurred vision, 8) Priapism. CV: 9) ↑ BP, 10) Tachycardia. Psychiatric: 11) Exacerbate anxiety, mania, aggression, hostility, depression
LisdexamfetamineGeneral: 1) Anorexia, 2) Nausea, 3) Insomnia, 4) Dizziness, 5) Light-headedness, 6) Irritability, 7) Blurred vision, 8) Priapism. CV: 9) ↑ BP, 10) Tachycardia. Psychiatric: 11) Exacerbate anxiety, mania, aggression, hostility, depression
Atomoxetine1) HA, 2) Insomnia, 3) Nausea, 4) Anorexia, 5) Somnolence, 6) Xerostomia, 7) Menstrual changes, 8) Orthostatic hypotension, 9) Exacerbate preexisting psychiatric illness. Rare: 10) Priaprism, 11) Liver injury
Guanfacine1) Dizziness, 2) Fatigue, 3) Somnolence, 4) Xerostomia, 5) Constipation, 6) Bradycardia, 7) HA, 8) Hypotension, 9) Syncope, 10) Skin rash (rare)
Clonidine1) HA, 2) Somnolence, 3) Bradycardia, 4) Hypotension, 5) Rebound HTN (from abrupt d/c)
Diclofenac1) GI (upset stomach, bleeding), 2) Rash, 3) Diminished renal function, 4) ↑ BP, 5) Edema
Indomethacin1) GI (upset stomach, bleeding), 2) Rash, 3) Diminished renal function, 4) ↑ BP, 5) Edema, 6) CNS disturbances
Ibuprofen1) GI (upset stomach, bleeding), 2) Rash, 3) Diminished renal function, 4) ↑ BP
Naproxen1) GI (upset stomach, bleeding), 2) Rash, 3) Diminished renal function, 4) ↑ BP
Piroxicam1) GI (upset stomach, bleeding), 2) Rash, 3) Diminished renal function, 4) ↑ BP
Meloxicam1) GI (upset stomach, bleeding), 2) Rash, 3) Diminished renal function, 4) ↑ BP
Celecoxib1) GI (upset stomach, bleeding; less than other NSAIDs), 2) Rash, 3) Diminished renal function, 4) ↑ BP, 5) Edema
Hydrocodone/APAP1) Constipation, 2) CNS depression, 3) Confusion, 4) Sedation, 5) Respiratory depression, 6) Hypotension, 7) Bradycardia
Codeine1) Constipation, 2) CNS depression, 3) Confusion, 4) Sedation, 5) Respiratory depression, 6) Hypotension, 7) Bradycardia
Morphine1) Constipation, 2) CNS depression, 3) Confusion, 4) Sedation, 5) Respiratory depression, 6) Hypotension, 7) Bradycardia
Oxycodone1) Constipation, 2) CNS depression, 3) Confusion, 4) Sedation, 5) Respiratory depression, 6) Hypotension, 7) Bradycardia
Oxycodone/APAP1) Constipation, 2) CNS depression, 3) Confusion, 4) Sedation, 5) Respiratory depression, 6) Hypotension, 7) Bradycardia
Fentanyl1) Constipation, 2) CNS depression, 3) Confusion, 4) Sedation, 5) Respiratory depression, 6) Hypotension, 7) Bradycardia
Hydromorphone1) Constipation, 2) CNS depression, 3) Confusion, 4) Sedation, 5) Respiratory depression, 6) Hypotension, 7) Bradycardia
Methadone1) Constipation, 2) CNS depression, 3) Confusion, 4) Sedation, 5) Respiratory depression, 6) Hypotension, 7) Bradycardia
Tramadol1) Confusion, 2) Sedation, 3) Rash, 4) Stomach upset, 5) Orthostatic hypotension, 6) Seizures
Pregabalin1) Dizziness, 2) Fatigue, 3) Somnolence, 4) Ataxia, 5) Weight gain, 6) Peripheral edema, 7) Viral infection
Hydroxychloroquine1) Macular damage, 2) Corneal deposits, 3) Retinopathy, 4) Rash, 5) Nausea, 6) Diarrhea
Alendronate1) Nausea, 2) Dyspepsia, 3) Esophageal irritation, 4) Ulceration, 5) Muscle pain
Risedronate1) Nausea, 2) Dyspepsia, 3) Esophageal irritation, 4) Ulceration, 5) Muscle pain
Ibandronate1) Nausea, 2) Dyspepsia, 3) Esophageal irritation, 4) Ulceration, 5) Muscle pain
Raloxifene1) Hot flushes, 2) Leg cramps, 3) Thromboembolism
Allopurinol1) Skin rash, 2) Leukopenia, 3) GI upset
TimololLocal Effects: 1) Burning, Stinging, Tearing, Blurred vision, dry eyes. Systemic Effects: 2) Bradycardia, 3) Heart block, 4) Hypotension, 5) HF exacerbation, 6) Bronchospasm, 7) Fatigue
Bimatoprost1) Change in iris, eyelash, and eyelid pigmentation, 2) Growth of eyelashes, 3) Eyelid edema, 4) Itching, redness, blurred vision, dry eyes
Latanoprost1) Change in iris, eyelash, and eyelid pigmentation, 2) Growth of eyelashes, 3) Eyelid edema, 4) Itching, redness, blurred vision, dry eyes
Travoprost1) Change in iris, eyelash, and eyelid pigmentation, 2) Growth of eyelashes, 3) Eyelid edema, 4) Itching, redness, blurred vision, dry eyes
BrimonidineLocal Effects: 1) Eyelid edema, 2) Itching, redness, burning. Systemic Effects: 3) Dizziness, 4) Fatigue, 5) Dry mouth, 6) HA, 7) Hypotension, 8) Bradycardia
Folic Acid1) Allergic reaction, 2) Bronchospasm, 3) Flushing, 4) Malaise, 5) Pruritus, 6) Rash
Ethinyl Estradiol/Norgestrel1) Breast tenderness, 2) Increased breast size, 3) Nausea, 4) Edema, 5) Bloating, 6) Cyclic weight gain, 7) HA during active pills, 8) Thrombophlebitis
Mestranol/Norethindrone1) Breast tenderness, 2) Increased breast size, 3) Nausea, 4) Edema, 5) Bloating, 6) Cyclic weight gain, 7) HA during active pills, 8) Thrombophlebitis
Ethinyl Estradiol/Drospirenone1) N/V, 2) Breakthrough bleeding, 3) Spotting, 4) Melasma, 5) HA, 6) Weight change, 7) Edema, 8) VTE, 9) Hormonal imbalance, 10) Hyperkalemia
Ethinyl Estradiol/Norgestrel1) N/V, 2) Breakthrough bleeding, 3) Spotting, 4) Melasma, 5) HA, 6) Weight change, 7) Edema, 8) VTE, 9) Hormonal imbalance
Ethinyl Estradiol/Northinedrone1) N/V, 2) Breakthrough bleeding, 3) Spotting, 4) Melasma, 5) HA, 6) Weight change, 7) Edema, 8) VTE, 9) Hormonal imbalance
Ethinyl Estradiol/Norgestimate1) N/V, 2) Breakthrough bleeding, 3) Spotting, 4) Melasma, 5) HA, 6) Weight change, 7) Edema, 8) VTE, 9) Hormonal imbalance
Ethinyl Estradiol/Etonogestrel1) N/V, 2) Breakthrough bleeding, 3) Spotting, 4) Melasma, 5) HA, 6) Weight change, 7) Edema, 8) VTE, 9) Hormonal imbalance
Levonorgestrel1) Spotting, 2) Breakthrough bleeding, 3) Amenorrhea, 4) Mastalgia, 5) HA, 6) Abdominal pain, 7) PID
Conjugated equine estrogens1) Nausea, 2) Fluid retention, 3) Bloating, 4) HA, 5) Mood changes, 6) Breast tenderness, 7) ↑ Risk of VTE, stroke, MI, breast cancer
Conjugated equine estrogens/medroxyprogesterone1) Nausea, 2) Fluid retention, 3) Bloating, 4) HA, 5) Mood changes, 6) Breast tenderness, 7) ↑ Risk of VTE, stroke, MI, breast cancer
17β Estradiol Transdermal1) Nausea, 2) Fluid retention, 3) Bloating, 4) HA, 5) Mood changes, 6) Breast tenderness, 7) ↑ Risk of VTE, stroke, MI, breast cancer, 8) Skin irritation
Sildenafil1) Hypotension, 2) HA, 3) Flushing, 4) Dyspepsia, 5) Priapism, 6) Vision changes
Tadalafil1) Hypotension, 2) HA, 3) Flushing, 4) Dyspepsia, 5) Priapism, 6) Vision changes
Testosterone1) ↑ LFTs, 2) Hyperlipidemia, 3) Depression, 4) Aggression
Tamsulosin1) HA, 2) Dizziness, 3) Orthostatic hypotension
Dutasteride1) ↓ Libido, 2) Erectile dysfunction, 3) Gynecomastia
Oxybutynin1) Dry mouth, 2) Dry eyes, 3) Constipation, 4) Urinary retention, 5) Somnolence, 6) Blurred vision, 7) Increased intraocular pressure
Tolterodine1) Dry mouth, 2) Dry eyes, 3) Constipation, 4) Urinary retention, 5) Somnolence, 6) Blurred vision, 7) Increased intraocular pressure
Darifenacin1) Dry mouth, 2) Dry eyes, 3) Constipation, 4) Urinary retention, 5) Somnolence, 6) Blurred vision, 7) Increased intraocular pressure
Solifenacin1) Dry mouth, 2) Dry eyes, 3) Constipation, 4) Urinary retention, 5) Somnolence, 6) Blurred vision, 7) Increased intraocular pressure
Fesoterodine1) Dry mouth, 2) Dry eyes, 3) Constipation, 4) Urinary retention, 5) Somnolence, 6) Blurred vision, 7) Increased intraocular pressure
Trospium1) Dry mouth, 2) Dry eyes, 3) Constipation, 4) Urinary retention, 5) Somnolence, 6) Blurred vision, 7) Increased intraocular pressure
Tacrolimus1) HTN, 2) Edema, 3) Chest pain, 4) HA, 5) Insomnia, 6) Pain, 7) Fatigue, 8) Diabetes mellitus, 9) Dyslipidemia, 10) Diarrhea, 11) Abdominal pain, 12) Renal dysfunction, 13) Hepatic dysfunction, 14) ↑ Risk of infection
Varenicline1) Insomnia, 2) HA, 3) Abnormal dreams, 4) Nausea, 5) Suidical ideation, 6) Irritability, 7) Depression, 8) Agitation
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