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Medications to Know - Primary Side Effects Part 1

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teaherbalist2's version from 2016-07-16 20:55

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Chlorthalidone1) Hypokalemia, 2) Hypomagnesemia, 3) Hyponatremia, 4) Hypercalcemia, 5) Hyperglycemia, 6) Hyperuricemia, 7) Photosensitivity
Hydrochlorothiazide1) Hypokalemia, 2) Hypomagnesemia, 3) Hyponatremia, 4) Hypercalcemia, 5) Hyperglycemia, 6) Hyperuricemia, 7) Photosensitivity
Metolazone1) Hypokalemia, 2) Hypomagnesemia, 3) Hyponatremia, 4) Hypercalcemia, 5) Hyperglycemia, 6) Hyperuricemia, 7) Photosensitivity
Atenolol1) Bradycardia/heart block, 2) HF exacerbation, 3) Bronchospasm, 4) Cold extremities, 5) Fatigue, 6) ↓ exercise tolerance, 7) Depression, 8) Glucose intolerance, 9) Mask hypoglycemia
Metoprolol1) Bradycardia/heart block, 2) HF exacerbation, 3) Bronchospasm, 4) Cold extremities, 5) Fatigue, 6) ↓ exercise tolerance, 7) Depression, 8) Glucose intolerance, 9) Mask hypoglycemia
Nebivolol1) Bradycardia/heart block, 2) HF exacerbation, 3) Bronchospasm, 4) Cold extremities, 5) Fatigue, 6) ↓ exercise tolerance, 7) Depression, 8) Glucose intolerance, 9) Mask hypoglycemia
Carvedilol1) Bradycardia/heart block, 2) HF exacerbation, 3) Bronchospasm, 4) Cold extremities, 5) Fatigue, 6) ↓ exercise tolerance, 7) Depression, 8) Glucose intolerance, 9) Mask hypoglycemia
Propranolol1) Bradycardia/heart block, 2) HF exacerbation, 3) Bronchospasm, 4) Cold extremities, 5) Fatigue, 6) ↓ exercise tolerance, 7) Depression, 8) Glucose intolerance, 9) Mask hypoglycemia
Benazepril1) Hyperkalemia, 2) Renal impairment, 3) Dry cough, 4) Angioedema
Enalapril1) Hyperkalemia, 2) Renal impairment, 3) Dry cough, 4) Angioedema
Fosinopril1) Hyperkalemia, 2) Renal impairment, 3) Dry cough, 4) Angioedema
Lisinopril1) Hyperkalemia, 2) Renal impairment, 3) Dry cough, 4) Angioedema
Quinapril1) Hyperkalemia, 2) Renal impairment, 3) Dry cough, 4) Angioedema
Ramipril1) Hyperkalemia, 2) Renal impairment, 3) Dry cough, 4) Angioedema
Trandolapril1) Hyperkalemia, 2) Renal impairment, 3) Dry cough, 4) Angioedema
Irbesartan1) Hyperkalemia, 2) Renal impairment, 3) Angioedema
Losartan1) Hyperkalemia, 2) Renal impairment, 3) Angioedema
Olmesartan1) Hyperkalemia, 2) Renal impairment, 3) Angioedema, 4) Sprue-like enteropathy
Telmisartan1) Hyperkalemia, 2) Renal impairment, 3) Angioedema
Valsartan1) Hyperkalemia, 2) Renal impairment, 3) Angioedema
Aliskiren1) HA, 2) Dizziness, 3) Diarrhea, 4) Hyperkalemia, 5) Renal impairment
Amlodipine1) Reflex tachycardia, 2) HA, 3) Flushing, 4) Peripheral edema, 5) Gingival hyperplasia
Felodipine1) Reflex tachycardia, 2) HA, 3) Flushing, 4) Peripheral edema, 5) Gingival hyperplasia
Nifedipine1) Reflex tachycardia, 2) HA, 3) Flushing, 4) Peripheral edema, 5) Gingival hyperplasia, 6) HF exacerbation
Diltiazem1) Bradycardia/heart block, 2) Constipation, 3) Peripheral edema, 4) Gingival hyperplasia, 5) HF exacerbation
Verapamil1) Bradycardia/heart block, 2) Constipation, 3) Peripheral edema, 4) Gingival hyperplasia, 5) HF exacerbation
Doxazosin1) Orthostatic hypotension, 2) Reflex tachycardia, 3) Peripheral edema, 4) HA, 5) Drowsiness, 6) Priapism
Terazosin1) Orthostatic hypotension, 2) Reflex tachycardia, 3) Peripheral edema, 4) HA, 5) Drowsiness, 6) Priapism
Clonidine1) Sedation, 2) Orthostatic hypotension, 3) Depression, 4) Peripheral edema, 5) Dry mouth, 6) Bradycardia
Colesevelam1) Constipation, 2) Bloating, 3) Abdominal pain, 4) N/V, 5) Flatulence, 6) ↑ TGs
Niacin1) Flushing/itching, 2) Nausea, 3) Orthostatic hypotension, 4) ↑ LFTs, 5) Myopathy, 6) Hyperuricemia, 7) Hyperglycemia
Fenofibrate1) N/V/D, 2) Abdominal pain,3) ↑ LFTs, 4) Myopathy
Gemfibrozil1) N/V/D, 2) Abdominal pain,3) ↑ LFTs, 4) Myopathy
Omega-3-Acid Ethyl Esters1) Belching, 2) Dyspepsia
Atorvastatin1) ↑ LFTs, 2) Myopathy, 3) N/V, 4) Constipation
Lovastatin1) ↑ LFTs, 2) Myopathy, 3) N/V, 4) Constipation
Pravastatin1) ↑ LFTs, 2) Myopathy, 3) N/V, 4) Constipation
Simvastatin1) ↑ LFTs, 2) Myopathy, 3) N/V, 4) Constipation
Rosuvastatin1) ↑ LFTs, 2) Myopathy, 3) N/V, 4) Constipation
Ezetimibe1) HA, 2) Diarrhea
Furosemide1) Hypocalcemia, 2) Hypokalemia, 3) Hypomagnesemia, 4) Hyponatremia, 5) Hyperglycemia, 6) Hyperuricemia, 7) metabolic acidosis, 8) Azotemia
Digoxin1) Bradycardia/heart block, 2) S/S of digoxin toxicity (visual disturbances, N/V, confusion, anorexia, arrhythmias)
Isosorbide dinitrate1) HA, 2) Dizziness, 3) Reflex tachycardia, 4) Peripheral edema (hydralazine), 5) Lupus-like syndrome (hydralazine)
AmiodaroneIV: 1) Hypertension, 2) Bradycardia/heart block, 3) Phlebitis. PO: 1) Hypo/hyperthyroidism, 2) Pulmonary fibrosis, 3) Bradycardia/heart block, 4) Corneal microdeposits, 5) Optic neuritis, 6) N/V, 7) ↑ LFTs, 8) Ataxia, 9) Paresthesia, 10) photosensitivity, 11) Blue-gray skin discoloration
Penicillin VK1) Hypersensitivity reaction, 2) N/V/D, 3) Interstitial nephritis, 4) Hemolytic anemia (with prolonged use)
Amoxicillin1) Hypersensitivity reaction, 2) N/V/D, 3) Interstitial nephritis, 4) Hemolytic anemia (with prolonged use)
Amoxicillin-clavulanate1) Hypersensitivity reaction, 2) N/V/D, 3) Interstitial nephritis, 4) Hemolytic anemia (with prolonged use)
Cephalexin1) Hypersensitivity reaction, 2) N/V/D, 3) Interstitial nephritis, 4) Hemolytic anemia (with prolonged use)
Azithromycin1) Prolonged QT, 2) N/V/D
Clarithromycin1) Prolonged QT, 2) N/V/D
Doxycycline1) N/V/D, 2) Photosensitivity, 3) Phlebitis (IV), 4) Intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri)
Minocycline1) N/V/D, 2) Photosensitivity, 3) Phlebitis (IV), 4) Intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri) 5) Vertigo
Linezolid1) N/V/D, 2) HA, 3) Myelosuppression (more common if therapy > 2 wk), 4) Peripheral/optic neuropathy (more common if therapy > 4 wk), 5) Seizures
Ciprofloxacin1) N/D, 2) Photosensitivity, 3) Tendinitis/tendon rupture, 4) Hyper/hypoglycemia, 5) Peripheral neuropathy, 6) Seizures, 7) Prolonged QT
Levofloxacin1) N/D, 2) Photosensitivity, 3) Tendinitis/tendon rupture, 4) Hyper/hypoglycemia, 5) Peripheral neuropathy, 6) Seizures, 7) Prolonged QT
Moxifloxacin1) N/D, 2) Photosensitivity, 3) Tendinitis/tendon rupture, 4) Hyper/hypoglycemia, 5) Peripheral neuropathy, 6) Seizures, 7) Prolonged QT
Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole1) N/V/D, 2) Porphyria, 3) Megaloblastic anemia, 4) Infants and pregnant/breast-feeding women (↑ risk of kernicterus), 5) G6PD deficiency
Clindamycin1) N/V/D, 2) Pseudomembranous colitis (C. difficile highest incidence)
Metronidazole1) N/D, 2) Confusion, 3) Dizziness, 4) Peripheral neuropathy, 5) Metallic taste
Fluconazole1) HA, 2) N/V/D, 3) Abdominal pain, 4) Rash, 5) ↑ LFTs, 6) Prolonged QT
Nystatin1) N/V/D, 2) Abdominal Pain
Terbinafine1) HA, 2) N/V/D, 3) ↑ LFTs
Acyclovir1) N/V/D, 2) HA, 3) Phlebitis (IV), 4) Renal impairment (IV), 5) Seizures (higher risk in renal impairment)
Famciclovir1) N/V/D, 2) HA, 3) Seizures (higher risk in renal impairment)
Valacyclovir1) N/V/D, 2) HA, 3) Seizures (higher risk in renal impairment)
Fluticasone furoate1) Throat irritation, 2) Cough, 3) Oral candidiasis, 4) URTI, 5) Sinusitis
Budesonide1) Throat irritation, 2) Cough, 3) Oral candidiasis, 4) URTI, 5) Sinusitis
Beclomethasone1) Throat irritation, 2) Cough, 3) Oral candidiasis, 4) URTI, 5) Sinusitis
Montelukast1) HA, 2) Rare Churg-Strauss syndrome
Theophylline1) Tachycardia, 2) N/V, 3) CNS Stimulation, 4) Theophylline toxicity (persistent, repetitive vomiting)
AlbuterolDose-dependent: 1) Angina, 2) Atrial fibrillation/arrhythmias, 3) Chest discomfort, 4) Cough, 5) Tremor
LevalbuterolFewer cardiac side effects than albuterol
Dose-dependent: 1) Angina, 2) Atrial fibrillation/arrhythmias, 3) Chest discomfort, 4) Cough, 5) Tremor
Fluticasone/Salmeterol1) Throat irritation, 2) Cough, 3) Oral candidiasis, 4) URTI, 5) Sinusitis, 6) HA, 7) Hypertension, 8) Dizziness, 9) Chest pain
Formoterol/Budesonide1) Throat irritation, 2) Cough, 3) Oral candidiasis, 4) URTI, 5) Sinusitis, 6) HA, 7) Hypertension, 8) Dizziness, 9) Chest pain
Ipratropium1) URTI, 2) Palpitation, 3) Xerostomia, 4) Pharyngeal irritation
Tiotropium1) URTI, 2) Palpitation, 3) Xerostomia, 4) Pharyngeal irritation
AspartHypoglycemia
LisproHypoglycemia
Insulin RegularHypoglycemia
Insulin Neutral Protamine HagedornHypoglycemia
GlargineHypoglycemia
DetermirHypoglycemia
Glyburide1) Hypoglycemia, 2) Weight gain
Glipizide1) Hypoglycemia, 2) Weight gain
Glimepiride1) Hypoglycemia, 2) Weight gain
Metformin1) GI intolerance (flatulence and diarrhea), 2) Lactic acidosis
Pioglitazone1) Fluid retention, 2) hepatotoxicity
Exenatide1) Nausea, 2) Hypoglycemia, 3) Decreased appetite
Sitagliptin1) HA, 2) Nasopharyngitis
Sitagliptin/Metformin1) GI intolerance (flatulence and diarrhea), 2) Lactic acidosis, 3) HA, 4) Nasopharyngitis
Glyburide/Metformin1) Hypoglycemia, 2) Weight gain, 3) GI intolerance (flatulence and diarrhea), 4) Lactic acidosis
Levothyroxine1) Angina, 2) Anxiety, 3) Alopecia, 4) ↑ LFTs, 5) Tachycardia
Desiccated thyroid1) Angina, 2) Anxiety, 3) Alopecia, 4) ↑ LFTs, 5) Tachycardia
Medroxyprogesterone1) HA, 2) Weight changes, 3) Edema, 4) Menstrual irregularities, 5) Acne, 6) ↓ Bone Mineral density
Spironolactone1) Gynecomastia, 2) Hyperkalemia, 3) Nausea, 4) Cramping
Finasteride1) Impotence, 2) Ejaculation disturbances, 3) ↓ Libido, 4) Orthostatic hypotension
Carbamazepine1) Dizziness, 2) Drowsiness, 3) Unsteadiness, 4) N/V, 5) Blurred vision, Rare: 6) Aplastic anemia, 7) Agranulocytosis
Valproic acid1) Hepatic impairment, 2) Thrombocytopenia, 3) Hyperammonemia, 4) Weight gain, 5) Pancreatitis, 6) HA, 7) Somnolence, 8) Dizziness, 9) Alopecia
Phenytoin1) Nystagmus, 2) Ataxia, 3) Slurred speech, 4) Dizziness, 5) Insomnia, 6) HA, 7) Tremor, 8) Gingival hyperplasia, 9) Rare: Stevens-Johnson Rash
Oxcarbazepine1) Sedation, 2) Dizziness, 3) Ataxia, 4) Nausea, 5) Rash (SJS), 6) Hyponatremia
Lamotrigine1) Rash (SJS, others), 2) Diplopia, 3) Dizziness, 4) HA
Gabapentin1) Dizziness, 2) Fatigue, 3) Somnolence, 4) Ataxia, 5) Weight gain, 6) Peripheral edema, 7) Viral infection
Topiramate1) Difficulty concentrating, 2) Psychomotor slowing, 3) Speech problems, 4) Somnolence, 5) Fatigue, 6) Dizziness, 7) HA, 8) Weight loss, 9) Kidney stones
Levetiracetam1) Dizziness, 2) Asthenia, 3) Behavioral disturbances (hostility, nervousness), 4) Somnolence, 5) Infection
Phenobarbital1) Sedation, 2) Nystagmus, 3) Ataxia, 4) Hyperactivity, 5) HA 6) Nausea, 7) Blood dyscrasias (agranulocytosis, granulocytopenia), 8) Rash, 9) Rash, 10) Behavioral changes, 11) Intellectual blunting, 12) Mood change
Zonisamide1) Sedation, 2) Dizziness, 3) Cognitive impairment, 4) Nausea, 5) Rash (SJS possible), 6) Anorexia
Carbidopa/Levodopa1) N/V, 2) Orthostatic hypotension, 3) Confusion, 4) Hallucinations, 5) wearing-off fluctuations, 6) Dyskinesias
Pramipexole1) N/V, 2) Constipation, 3) Orthostatic hypotension, 4) Hypersexuality, 5) Hallucinations, 6) Syncope, 7) Somnolence, 8) Impulse control disorders
Ropinirole1) Syncope, 2) Somnolence, 3) Dizziness, 4) N/V
Benztropine1) Dry mouth, 2) Blurred vision, 3) Constipation, 4) Urinary retention, 5) Confusion, 6) Memory impairment, 7) Hallucinations
Trihexyphenidyl1) Dry mouth, 2) Blurred vision, 3) Constipation, 4) Urinary retention, 5) Confusion, 6) Memory impairment, 7) Hallucinations
Aspirin or APAP with butalbital and caffeine1) Tachycardia, 2) Dizziness, 3) Drowsiness, 4) Insomnia, 5) Orthostatic hypotension
Sumatriptan1) Fatigue, 2) Dizziness, 3) Flushing, 4) Neck/throat pressure, 5) Unpleasant taste
Rizatriptan1) Fatigue, 2) Dizziness, 3) Flushing, 4) Neck/throat pressure, 5) Unpleasant taste
Donepezil1) N/V/D, 2) Urinary incontinence, 3) Dizziness, 4) Dizziness, 5) HA, 6) Syncope, 7) Salivation, 8) Sweating, 9) Bradycardia, 10) Hypertension
Memantine1) Confusion, 2) Constipation, 3) Dizziness, 4) HA, 5) V/D, 6) Hypertension
Famotidine1) HA, 2) Fatigue, 3) Dizziness, 4) Confusion
Ranitidine1) HA, 2) Fatigue, 3) Dizziness, 4) Confusion
Dexlansoprazole1) Diarrhea, 2) HA
Esomeprazole1) Diarrhea, 2) HA
Lansoprazole1) Diarrhea, 2) HA
Omeprazole1) Diarrhea, 2) HA
Pantoprazole1) Diarrhea, 2) HA
Rabeprazole1) Diarrhea, 2) HA
Metoclopramide1) Dizziness, 2) Sedation, 3) Diarrhea, 4) Extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS)
SucralfateConstipation
Methylprednisolone1) Hyperglycemia, 2) ↑ Appetite, 3) Insomnia, 4) Hypertension, 5) Edema, 6) Adrenal suppression, 7) Osteoporosis, 8) Cataracts, 9) Delayed wound healing
Prednisone1) Hyperglycemia, 2) ↑ Appetite, 3) Insomnia, 4) Hypertension, 5) Edema, 6) Adrenal suppression, 7) Osteoporosis, 8) Cataracts, 9) Delayed wound healing
Methotrexate1) Nephrotoxicity, 2) Bone marrow suppression, 3) SJS rash, 4) Severe diarrhea and ulcerative stomatitis, 5) Neurotoxicity, 6) Hepatotoxicity, 7) Pneumonitis, 8) Tumor lysis syndrome
Calcium Acetate1) Hypercalcemia, 2) N/V/D
Calcitriol1) Hypercalcemia, 2) Calciphylaxis, 3) N/D, 4) Edema
Tamoxifen1) Thromboembolic events, 2) ↑ Risk of endometrial cancer, 3) Hot flashes, 4) Altered menses, 5), Mood disturbances and depression, 6). ↓ Bone mineral density
Anastrozole1) ↓ Bone mineral density, 2) Hyperlipidemia, 3) Mood disturbances
Ondansetron1) HA, 2) Constipation, 3) Diarrhea, 4) Fatigue, 5) Dry mouth, 6) Transient ↑ LFTs, 7) Prolonged QT
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