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Medications II

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nikicaprecepa's version from 2017-09-16 00:34

Medications II

Respiratory disease

 

GenericBrandClassificationDescription
albuterol(US), aka salbutamol (Can)Ventolin®Respiratory-BronchodilatorReliever - rapid beta-agonist, used to prevent and treat wheezing and shortness of breath caused by breathing problems (such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). It is also used to prevent asthma brought on by exercise. It is a quick-relief drug.
terbutalineBricanyl®Respiratory-BronchodilatorReliever - rapid beta-agonist, used to treat wheezing and shortness of breath from lung problems (e.g., asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, bronchitis and emphysema).
formoterolForadil®or Oxeze®Respiratory-BronchodilatorReliever - long acting betaagonist, used as a long-term (maintenance) treatment to prevent or decrease breathing problems caused by ongoing lung diseases (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD, including chronic bronchitis and emphysema).
salmeterolSerevent®Respiratory-BronchodilatorReliever - long acting betaagonist, used as a long-term (maintenance) treatment to prevent or decrease wheezing and trouble breathing caused by asthma or ongoing lung disease (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD, which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema).
ipratropium bromide + salbutamolAtrovent®Respiratory-BronchodilatorReliever-anticholinergic and betaagonist, used to control and prevent symptoms (wheezing and shortness of breath) caused by ongoing lung disease (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD which includes bronchitis and emphysema). It works by relaxing the muscles around the airways so that they open up and you can breathe more easily
triamcinoloneNasacort®Respiratory-corticosteroidController-nasal spray for allergies, used to prevent and treat seasonal and year-round allergy symptoms (such as stuffy/runny nose, itchy eyes/nose/throat, sneezing). Triamcinolone belongs to a class of drugs known as corticosteroids. It works by reducing swelling (inflammation) in the nasal passages.
budesonidePulmicort ®Respiratory-corticosteroidController, used to prevent and treat seasonal and year-round allergy symptoms (such as stuffy/runny nose, itchy eyes/nose/throat, sneezing). Budesonide belongs to a class of drugs known as corticosteroids. It works by reducing swelling (inflammation) in the nasal passages.
fluticasoneFlonase®or Flovent®Respiratory-corticosteroidController, used to control and prevent symptoms (such as wheezing and shortness of breath) caused by asthma. It works by reducing swelling (inflammation) of the airways in the lungs to make breathing easier.
budesonide + formoterolSymbicortRespiratory-corticosteroidController steriod with LABA, used to control and prevent symptoms (wheezing and shortness of breath) caused by asthma or ongoing lung disease (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD, which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema).
fluticasone + salmeterolAdvair®Respiratory-corticosteroidController steriod with LABA, used to control and prevent symptoms (wheezing and shortness of breath) caused by asthma. It works by reducing the irritation and swelling of the airways.
montelukastSingulair®Respiratory-BronchodilatorAsthma Leukotrine Inhibitor, used regularly to prevent the wheezing and shortness of breath caused by asthma and decrease the number of asthma attacks.This drug works by blocking certain natural substances (leukotrienes) that may cause or worsen asthma and allergies.
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Anti-coagulant

 

GenericBrandClassificationDescription
dabigatranPradaxa ®Anti-coagulanteffects cannot be reversed yet, used to prevent stroke and harmful blood clots (such as in your legs or lungs) if you have a certain type of irregular heartbeat (atrial fibrillation). works by blocking a certain substance (a clotting protein called thrombin) in your blood.
rivaroxabanXarelto ®Anti-coagulanteffects cannot be reversed yet, used to prevent blood clots from forming due to a certain irregular heartbeat (atrial fibrillation) or after hip or knee replacement surgery.
apixabanEliquis ®Anti-coagulanteffects cannot be reversed yet , used to prevent serious blood clots from forming due to a certain irregular heartbeat (atrial fibrillation) or after hip/knee replacement surgery.
warfarinCoumadin ®Anti-coagulanteffects can be reversed with vit.K, used to treat blood clots (such as in deep vein thrombosis-DVT or pulmonary embolus-PE), bloodthinner, helps to keep blood flowing smoothly in your body by decreasing the amount of certain substances (clotting proteins) in your blood.
heparinHeparin ®Anti-coagulanteffects can be reversed, used to prevent and treat blood clots.helps to keep blood flowing smoothly by making a certain natural substance in your body (anti-clotting protein) work better.
enoxaparinLovenox ®Anti-coagulanteffects can be reversed, used to prevent and treat harmful blood clots.helps keep your blood flowing smoothly by lowering the activity of clotting proteins in the blood.
ASAAspirin ®Platelet Agg Inhibitor prevent blood clots, used to reduce fever and relieve mild to moderate pain from conditions such as muscle aches, known as a salicylate and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). It works by blocking a certain natural substance in your body to reduce pain and swelling.
clopidogrelPlavix®Platelet Agg Inhibitorprevent blood clots, works by blocking platelets from sticking together and prevents them from forming harmful clots.
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Cardiac / Anti-hypertensive

 

GenericBrandClassificationDescription
ramiprilAltace®CardiacACE inhibitor, Used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). works by relaxing blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily. Ramipril is also used to improve survival after a heart attack.
lisinoprilPrinivil®CardiacACE inhibitor, Used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). works by relaxing blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily. Helps prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems. It is also used to treat heart failure and to improve survival after a heart attack.
enalaprilVasotec®CardiacACE inhibitor, Used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). works by relaxing blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily. It is also used to treat heart failure and to help prevent people with a certain heart problem (left ventricular dysfunction) from developing heart failure.
captoprilCaptotenCardiacACE inhibitor, Used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). works by relaxing blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily. Ramipril is also used to improve survival after a heart attack.
valsartanDiovan®Cardiac-anti-hypertensionARB (angiotensin receptor blocker), used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure. It is also used to improve the chance of living longer after a heart attack. It works by relaxing blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily.
candesartanAtacand ®Cardiac-anti-hypertensionARB, used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). Lowering high blood pressure helps prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems. Candesartan belongs to a class of drugs called angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). It works by relaxing blood vessels so blood can flow more easily.
losartanCozaar ®Cardiac-anti-hypertensionARB, used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) and to help protect the kidneys from damage due to diabetes. It works by relaxing blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily.
telmisartanMicardis ®Cardiac-anti-hypertensionARB, used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). Lowering high blood pressure helps prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems. Telmisartan belongs to a class of drugs called angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). It works by relaxing blood vessels so blood can flow more easily.
bisoprololZebeta ®Cardiac Beta blockerused with or without other medications to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). This medication belongs to a class of drugs known as beta blockers. It works by blocking the action of certain natural chemicals in your body such as epinephrine on the heart and blood vessels. This effect lowers the heart rate, blood pressure, and strain on the heart.
metoprololLopressor®Cardiac Beta blockerused with or without other medications to treat high blood pressure (hypertension).It works by blocking the action of certain natural chemicals in your body, such as epinephrine, on the heart and blood vessels. This effect lowers the heart rate, blood pressure, and strain on the heart.
atenololTenormin®Cardiac Beta blockerused with or without other medications to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). It works by blocking the action of certain natural chemicals in your body, such as epinephrine, on the heart and blood vessels. This effect lowers the heart rate, blood pressure, and strain on the heart.
propranololInderal®Cardiac Beta blockerThis medication is a beta blocker used to treat high blood pressure, irregular heartbeats, shaking (tremors), and other conditions as determined by your doctor. It is used after a heart attack to improve survival. It is also used to prevent migraine headaches and chest pain (angina).
diltiazemCardizem®CardiacCCB (Ca++ channel blocker), used to prevent chest pain (angina). It may help to increase your ability to exercise and decrease how often you may get angina attacks. Diltiazem is called a calcium channel blocker. It works by relaxing blood vessels in the body and heart and lowers the heart rate.
nifedipineAdalat XL®CardiacCCB, is used alone or in combination with other drugs to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). Nifedipine belongs to a class of medications known as calcium channel blockers. It works by relaxing blood vessels so blood can flow more easily.
amlodipineNorvasc®CardiacCCB, used with or without other medications to treat high blood pressure. Works by relaxing blood vessels so blood can flow more easily. Amlodipine is also used to prevent certain types of chest pain (angina). It may help to increase your ability to exercise and decrease the frequency of angina attacks.
digoxinLanoxin®CardiacCHF, used to treat heart failure, belongs to a class of medications called cardiac glycosides. It works by affecting certain minerals (sodium and potassium) inside heart cells. This reduces strain on the heart and helps it maintain a normal, steady, and strong heartbeat.
isosorbide MononitrateImdur®Cardiac Vasodilator-anti-anginalIsosorbide mononitrate is used to prevent chest pain (angina) in patients with a certain heart condition (coronary artery disease). This medication belongs to a class of drugs known as nitrates. It works by relaxing and widening blood vessels so blood can flow more easily to the heart.
clonidineCatapres®Cardiac-anti-hypertensionused alone or with other medications to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). Clonidine belongs to a class of drugs (central alpha agonists) that act in the brain to lower blood pressure. It works by relaxing blood vessels so blood can flow more easily.
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Diuretic

 

GenericBrandClassificationDescription
spironolactoneAldactone®diureticspares potassium loss, It is also used to treat swelling (edema) caused by certain conditions (such as heart failure, liver disease) by removing excess fluid and improving symptoms such as breathing problems.
triamterene c/w HCTZTriazidediureticspares potassium loss, also reduces extra fluid in the body (edema) caused by conditions such as heart failure, liver disease, or kidney disease. This can lessen symptoms such as shortness of breath or swelling in your ankles or feet.
triamtereneDyrenium®diuretic"water pill", used to decrease swelling (edema) caused by conditions such as cancer, congestive heart failure, liver disease, and kidney disease. This effect can help your kidneys work better and lessen symptoms such as trouble breathing and swelling in your ankles, feet, hands, or belly.
furosemideLasix®diureticpowerful loop diuretic, used to reduce extra fluid in the body (edema) caused by conditions such as heart failure, liver disease, and kidney disease. This can lessen symptoms such as shortness of breath and swelling in your arms, legs, and abdomen.
hydrochlorothiazide "HCTZ"Microzide®diuretic"water pills." It works by causing you to make more urine. This helps your body get rid of extra salt and water. also reduces extra fluid in the body (edema) caused by conditions such as heart failure, liver disease, or kidney disease. This can lessen symptoms such as shortness of breath or swelling in your ankles or feet.
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