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Medication Distribution System

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allelipraise's version from 2018-05-27 17:20

Section 1

Question Answer
AUTOMATED DISPENSING CABINETS point–of-use medication storage devices located in patient care areas designed to allow nurses to have quick but accountable access to medications.
CENTRALIZED PHARMACY SERVICES◦ This model distributes medications from a centralized pharmacy location.
DECENTRALIZED PHARMACY SERVICESThis model distributes medications from a decentralized satellite pharmacy located in or near a patient care area.
FLOOR STOCK SYSTEMA system of distribution that consists of an individual storage area on each nursing unit where drugs are stored prior to preparation and administration by the nurse.
MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION RECORDrecord of all current medications prescribed for each patient
MEDICATION PROFILEThe primary record used by pharmacists to document patient medications.
PATIENT PRESCRIPTION SYSTEMAn antiquated system of medication distribution that consists of patient-specific containers with 2-day to 5-day supply of drugs delivered to and stored on nursing units
UNIT DOSE SYSTEMA system of distribution coordinated by the pharmacy that dispenses medication orders to be administered, not prepared by the nurse.
UNIT OF USE PACKAGEA container with the exact dose needed for patients in a ready-to-administer form, not requiring any preparation or selection by the nurse.
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Section 2

Question Answer
FLOOR STOCK• Bulk containers stored on unit indefinitely • Containers are not patient specific • No review of drug order by pharmacist
PATIENT PRESCRIPTION• Patient-specific containers with 2-day to 5-day supply of drug stored on unit. • Drug order transcribed by the nurse and reviewed by the pharmacist. • No patient information available to the pharmacist
UNIT DOSE Medications contained in unit dose packages and dispensed in ready-to-administer form. • No more than 24-hr patient-specific supply on unit at any time. • Pharmacist reviews every order and checks against patient records.
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Section 3

Question Answer
Stable scheduled medicationsA 24-hr supply is kept in a patient-specific bin on the medication cart in the unit.
Unstable scheduled medicationsAutomatic delivery of medications to the unit 1hr before administration time.
Schedule IV/TPN solutionsAutomatic delivery of medications to the unit before administration time.
PRN medicationsA limited supply is kept in a patient-specific bin on the medication cart. are kept in a limited floor stock supply and delivered by the pharmacy in response to request by the unit.
Controlled medicationsA limited patient-specific supply is secured in an automated dispensing cabinet or in a medication cart.
STAT medicationsDelivered by the pharmacy in response to a request from the unit.
Emergency medicationsdrug kits are located on units and replaced by the pharmacy in response to a request from the unit.
Investigational medicationsPer drug protocol
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