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Medicare Terminology Ch. 1 - 13

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aerro9000's version from 2015-06-24 16:57

Chapters 1 - 13

Question Answer
aden/ogland
carcin/ocancer
cardi/oheart
chem/ochemical
cis/oto cut
dermat/oskin
enter/osmall intestine
gastr/ostomach
gynaec/ofemale
haemat/oblood
immun/oimmune
laryng/ovoice box
morph/oshape
nephr/okidney
neur/onerve
opthalm/oeye
ot/oear
path/odisease
pulmon/olung
rhin/onose
ur/ourine, urinary tract
a-without, away from
an-without
ante-before, in front of
anti-against
auto-self
brady-slow
dys-pain, difficult
endo-within, inner
epi-upon, over
eu- normal, good
hetero-different
homo-same
hyper-over, above
hypo-under, below
infra-under, beneath, below
inter-among, between
intra-within, inside
macro-large
micro-small
neo-new
pan-all
para-beside, beyond, near
per-through
peri-around
post-after
pre-before, in front of
pseudo-false
retro-backward, behind
sub-below, under
super-above, excess
supra-above
tachy-rapid, fast
ultra-beyond, excess
trans-through across
bi-two; bilateral
hemi-half
mono-one
multi-many
nulli-none
poly-many
quad-four
semi-partial, half
tri-three
uni-one
-algiapain
-celehernia, protrusion
-cisecut
-cytecell
-dyniapain
-ectasisdilation
-genthat which produces
-genesisproduction, generation of
-genicproducing, produced by
-iastate, condition
-iasisabnormal condition
-ismstate of
-itisinflammation
-logistone who studies
-lysisdestruction
-logystudy of
-malaciaabnormal softening
-megalyenlargement, large
-omatumor, mass
-osisabnormal condition
-pathydisease
-plasiadevelopment, growth
-plasmformation, development
-ptosisdrooping
-rrhageexcessive, abnormal flow
-rrheadischarge, flow
-rrhexisrupture
-sclerosishardening
-stenosisnarrowing
-therapytreatment
-trophynourishment, development
-centesispuncture to withdraw fluid
-ectomysurgical removal
-ostomysurgically create an opening
-otomycutting into
-pexysurgical fixation
-plastysurgical repair-gram
-graphinstrument for recording
-graphyprocess of recording
-meterinstrument for measuring
-metryprocess of measuring
-scopeinstrument for viewing
-scopyprocess of visually examining
aden/ogland
adip/ofat
anter/obefore, front
caud/olower part of body, tail
cephal/ohead
cyt/ocell
endo/oin, within, inside
ex/oout of, outside, away from
hist/otissue
path/odisease, suffering, feeling, emotion
-plasiadevelopment, growth, formation
poster/obehind, toward the back
-stasiscontrol
a-no, not, without
an-no, not, without
ab-away from
ad-toward, near
ana-up, apart
ante-before, forward
anti-against
bi-two, both
brady-slow
con-with, together
dia-complete, through
dys-bad, painful, difficult, abnormal
ec-out, outside
endo-within, in, inner
epi-above, upon
ex-out
extra- outside of
hemi-half
hyper-excessive, too much, above
hypo-deficient, too little, below
in-in, into
inter-between
intra-within
mal-bad
meta-change, beyond
neo-new
para-beside, near, along the side of
peri-surrounding
poly-many, much
post-after, behind
pre-before
pro-before, forward
pros-before, forward
quadri-four
re-back, behind
retro-back, behind
sub-under, less than
syn-with, together
tachy-fast
trans-across, through
tri-three
ultra-beyond
uni-one
abdomin/oabdomen
an/oanus
bi/olife
cardi/oheart
carp/ocarpals
cis/oto cut
cost/oribs
crani/oskull
cutane/oskin
dur/odura mater
gen/oto produce, to begin
glyc/osugar
hemat/oblood
later/oside
men/omenses
nat/ibirth
neur/onerve
norm/orule, order
oste/obone
peritone/operitoneum
plas/oformation, growth, development
ren/okidney
scapul/oscapul/o
son/osound
thyroid/othyroid gland
top/oto put, place, position
troph/odevelopment, nourishment
urethr/ourethra
uter/outerus
ven/ovein
vertebr/overtebra
-alpertaining to
-ationprocess, condition
-cisionprocess of cutting
-crinesecretion
-dipsiathirst
-emiablood condition
-gento produce
-graphyprocess of recording
-iacondition
-icpertaining to
-inepertaining to
-ismcondition, process
-lapseto fall, slide
-lysisloosening, breakdown, seperation, destruction
-meterto measure
-missionto send
-mortemdeath
-omatumor, mass
-ouspertaining to
-partumbirth
-pathydisease condition
-phagiato eat, swallow
-phasiato speak
-plasmformation
-plegiaparalysis
-pneabreathing
-rrheaflow, discharge
-scopyprocess of visual examination
-sectionto cut
-stasisto stand, place, stop, control
-tensionpressure
-thesisto put, place
-ticpertaining to
-trophynourishment, development
-umstructure
-uriaurine condition
-yprocess, condition
cardi/oheart
col/ocolon (large intestine)
dermat/oskin
endocrin/oendocine glands
enter/ointestines
esthesi/osensation
gastr/ostomach
ger/oold age
gynec/owoman, female
hemat/oblood
iatr/otreatment (by physician or with medicine)
laryng/ovoice box (larynx)
lymph/olymph
nephr/okidney
neur/onerve
nos/odisease
obstetr/omidwife
odont/otooth
onc/otumor
ophthalm/oeye
opt/oeye
optic/oeye
orth/ostraight
ot/oear
path/odisease
ped/ochild
psych/omind
pulmon/olung
radi/ox-rays
rect/orectum
rheumat/oflow, fluid
rhin/onose
thorac/ochest
ur/ourinary tract
vascul/oblood vessels
a-, an-no, not, without
circum-around
crypt-hidden
hyper-excessive, above
hypo-below, deficient, under
non-not
trans-through, across
-cisionprocess of cutting
-ectomyexcision, removal
-genesisbeginning
-graphyprocess of recording
-itisinflammation
-spadiasrent, tear
-stomynew opening
balan/oglans penis
epididym/oepididymis
olig/oscanty
orchid/o, test/otestis, testicle (male gonad)
pen/i, phall/openis
plethysm/ovolume
preputi/oprepuce (foreskin)
prostat/oprostate
scrot/oscrotum (sac holding testes)
semin/isemen
sperm/o, spermat/ospermatozoon (male sex cell)
urethr/ourethra
vas/ovessel, ductus deferens, vas deferens
vesicul/osmall sac, seminal vesicle, blister
an-no, not
dys-bad, difficult, pain, abnormal
multi-, poly-many
nulli-none
pre-before
-centesissurgical puncture
-graphyprocess of recording
-gravidapregnancy
-lysisbreaking down, loosening
-paradelivery, parturition
-pexyfixation, suspension
-plasiacondition of formation, development
-ptosisdrooping, prolapse, falling
-rrhagiabursting forth
-rrheadischarge, flow
-scopyprocess of viewing
-tociacondition of labor, delivery
-tomyincision, cutting
amni/oamnion
cervic/oneck, cervix
chori/ocord, spinal cord
colp/ovagina
culd/ocul-de-sac (rectouterine pouch)
endometri/oendometrium
episi/ovulva (external female genitalia)
hyster/outerus
mamm/o, mast/obreast
men/omenstruation
metr/o, metri/outerus
nat/obirth, born
olig/oscanty, few
oophor/oovary (female gonad)
part/oparturition (delivery)
puerper/ochildbirth, puerperium
salping/otube, fallopian or eustachian
thel/enipple
vagin/ovagina
vulv/ovulva (external female genitalia)
albumin/owater soluble protien
-ationprocess
-esisaction, process, or result of
glycos/osugar
olig/ofew, scanty
ur/ourine or urinary tract
urin/ourine
-uriaurine or urination
cyst/obladdr (sometimes cyst or sac)
glomerul/oglomerulus (fittering structure of the kidney)
nephr/okidney
pyel/orenal pelvis (reservoir in the kidney that collects the urine)
ureter/oureter
urethr/ourethra
ureter the duct by which urine passes from the kidney to the bladder or cloaca.
urethra the duct by which urine is conveyed out of the body from the bladder, and which in male vertebrates also conveys semen.
, ren/okidney
cervic/ocervix
colp/ovagina
vagin/ovagina
gynec/ofemale
hyster/outerus
uter/outerus
metr/o (occasionally metr/i)uterine tissue
oophor/oovary
ovar/oovary
salping/outerine tube (Fallopian tube)
vulv/ovulvo (external genitalia)
-cidalkilling
cyst/obladder, cyst, or sac
vesic/obladder, cyst, or sac
genit/ogenitals
gonad/ogenitals or reproduction
men/omonth
-plasiadevelopment or formation
rect/orectum
urethr/orethra
urin/ourine
amni/oamnion (fetal membrane)
fet/ofetus
nat/ibirth
par/oto bear offspring
-paraa woman who has given birth
gon/ogenitals or reproduction
orchi/otestes
orchid/otestes
test/otestes
testicul/otestes
pen/openis
prostat/oprostate
scrot/oscrotum, bag
semin/osemen
ser/oserum
sperinat/ospermetoza
urethr/ourethra
vas/ovessel or duct, sometimes ductus deferens (vas seferens)
memorize