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Medical Terms

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mamavalu's version from 2017-05-05 19:57

Section 1

Question Answer
Adnexaovaries and fallopian tubes; the appendages of an organ
Afebrilewithout fever
AmbulatoryCan walk; not confined to the bed
Aneurysmany abnormal widening of a blood vessel
Angiaconstricting chest pain due to lack of blood flow to the heart muscle
Atelectasispartial or full collapse of the lung tissue
Ascitesaccumulation of serous fluid in the abdominal cavity
Aphasiapartial or full loss to use the ability to communicate verbally or use written words due to brain injury
Appendectomysurgical removal of the appendix
Appendicitisinflammation of the appendix
Arrhythmiaabnormally heart rhythm
Anasarcaextensive subcutaneous edema
Arteryblood vessel carrying oxygenated blood away from the heart
ArthralagiaPain in the joints without swelling and warmth
Articulationconnection between bones
Ausculatationthe action of listening to sounds from the heart, lungs, or other organs, by using stethoscope as part of medical diagnosis
Avulsionthe forcible tearing away of a part or structure from its normal point of insertion by either trauma or surgery
Axilla underarm
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Section 2

Question Answer
Bronchitisinflammation of the bronchi
Bradycardiaabnormally slow heart rate
Bradypneaabnormally slow breathing
Bruita murmur or sound heard in auscultation indicating narrowing of a vessel
Cacheticstate of ill appearance and malnutrition <aka; wasting syndrome>
Cardiomegalyenlargement of the heart
Celluitisinfections of the skin characterized by edema, warmth and tenderness
Cerumenearwax
Cervicalpertaining to neck or cervix of the uterus
Cholelithiasisproduction of gallstones
Cholecystectomysurgical removal of the gall bladder
Cholecystitisinflammation of the gall bladder
Cirrhosisinflammation of the liver resulting in scarring and loss of function
Colectomysurgical removal of part of the large intestine; all or part of the colon
Colostomysurgical procedure that provides an opening between the colon and abdominal wall
Conjuctivawhite part of eye and inside lining of eyelids
Corneatransparent coat of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil
Condylar, Condylea rounded projection on a bone usually for articulation with another bone
Crepitusa crackling on grating sound, usually of bones
Contusionmechanical injury causing hemorrhages beneath unbroken skin; bruise
CostochondritisTietze's syndrome; is a benign inflammation of one or more of the costal cartillages
Cyanosisblue skin color due to lack of oxygen
Cyanoticpertaining to a bluish or slate like skin color
Complicationan infrequent and unfavorable evolution of a disease, a health condition or a medical treament
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Section 3

Question Answer
Debridementremoval of dead or containment tissue from the wound
Dehiscencea separation of layers, usually of a surgical incision
Dentitionthe condition of the teeth
Dermistrue kin, beneath the epidermis
Diarrheafrequent discharge of fluid fecal matter
Differential diagnosisa diagnosis of symptoms of two or more disease by comparison
Diaphoresissweaty/excessive or profuse sweating or perspiration
Diverticulitisinflammation of the diverticulam especially the small pockets in the wall of the colon
Dorsiflexionupward flexion of the foot
Dysphasialoss of or deficiency in the power to understood languages as a result of injury or disease of the brain
Dysmenorrheapainful menstration
Dysphagiadifficulty swallowing
Dyspareuniapainful intercourse
Dyspeneadifficulty breathing, shortness of breathing <SOB>
Dyspepsiaindigestion
Dysuriapainful urination
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Section 4

Question Answer
Ecchymosisbruising
Epipdidymitisinflammation or infection of the epididymis
Edemaswelling of body tissue
Embolismobstruction of a blood vessel by a clot of blood or foreign substance
Eczemainflammatory condition of the skin which maybe acute or chronic characterized by itching or burning, tiny papules and vesicles, oozing, crusting and scaling
Emesisvomit
Etiologycause of disease and made of operation
Epistaxisnose bleed
Emaciateto become extremely, thin or lean; wasting
Edentulouswithout teeth
Effusionescape of fluid into a cavity
Exacerbationaggravate
Exanthemwidespread rash in children
Erythemaredness of the skin
EuthymicPertaining to a normal mood in which the range of emotions is neither depressed nor highly elevated; normal, non-depressed, reasonably and mood
Exudatefluid with a high content of protein and cellular debris that has escaped from blood vessels and has been deposited in tissues or no tissue surfaces, usually as a result of inflammation.
FasciaFibrous membrane of connective tissue supporting and separating muscles and body organs
Febrilehaving a fever
Fundus the large, upper end of the uterus; also the bottom aperture of the internal surface of a hallow organ <ex; eye,uterus, stomach>
Fluoresceinred crystalline substance used in diagnostic examination of the eye to detect corneal lesions, abrasions or foreign bodies <FB>
Fontanelany of the spaces closed by membranes structures between the uncompleted angles of the parietal bones and the neighboring bones of a fetal or young skull
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Section 5

Question Answer
Gavidbeing pregnant
Gingivagums
Gastroenteritisrefers to inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, involving both the stomach and the small intestine and resulting in acute diarrhea. The inflammation is caused most often by bacteria or their toxins, parasites or adverse reaction to something in the diet or medication
Gastrostomysurgical procedure for inserted a tube through the abdomen wall and into the stomach
Grand Mal Seizuresever epileptic attack characterized by convulsions, stupor, and temporary loss of conscious
Hemangiomatumor consisting of blood vessels
Hematemesisvomiting of blood
Hematocheziabright red blood in the stool
Hematomaswelling of blood which occurs in an organ or tissue
Hematuriablood in the urine
Hemorrahageexcessive or profuse bleeding
Hemoptysiscoughing up blood
Hemostata surgical tool, which resembles a set of scissors with a lacking clamp replacing the blade. Commonly used in emergency medicine to control bleeding, especially of a torn blood vessel
Hemothoraxblood fluid present in the pleural cavity <outside lung but in chest cavity>
Hepatosplenomegalyenlarged of the liver and spleen
Hyperkalemiaan abnormally high concentration of potassium ions in the blood; high potassium
Hypernatermiaan abnormally high plasma concentration of sodium ions; high sodium over 145mM. Normal is 136-145mM.
Hypertensionpersistently high arterial blood pressure
Hydrocelea pathological accumulation of serous fluid in a bodily cavity
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Section 6

Question Answer
Icteric<Jaundice> the yellowish discoloration of the skin, sclera <white of the eye> and mucous membrane caused by hyperbillirubinemia
Indurationact of hardening; a specific area of hardened tissue often from infection
Illeusbowel lacks normal contractions, usually shows as air fluid levels on xrays <XR>
Infarctcessation of the blood flow causing tissue death <staph>
Infiltrate to penetrate the intestines of a tissue or substance
Infunalpertaining to the groin region
Intersticea small interval, space, or gap in a tissue, organ or structure
Intussusception<a bloackage of the intestine> a medical condition in which a part of the small intestine that has invaginated into another section of the intestine
Ischemiatemporary and localized lack of blood flow
Joint articulation or junction between two or more bomes or cartilage
Keloidscar formation consisting of dense tissue
Lacrimalpertaining to tears
Ligament fibrous tissue, binding bones together
Lingual pertaining to the tongue
Loculationspresence of numerous small spaces or cavities
Lymphadenitisinflammation of a lymph nodes
Lymphandenopathyenlargement of the lymph nodes
Maculesmall colored spot on the skin
Meingitisinflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord, known collectively as the meninges. Meningitis may develop in response to a number of causes, most prominently bacteria, viruses and other infectious agents
Malaisegeneralized discomfort or weakness
Malleolusprojections on either side of the ankle joint from the lower leg bones
Malocculsionteeth that don't fit together
Mastectomysurgical removal of the breast
Menorrhagiaexcessively heavy menstrual flow with cycles of normal length <hypermenorrhea>
Mottledmarked by spots or blotches of different colors or shades
Mittelschmerzabdominal pain occuring at the time of ovulation. resulting from irritation of the peritoneum by bleeding from the ovulation site
Melenablack tarry stool
Meningismusstiff neck
Myalgiamuscular pain
Mycoplasmaa genus of bacteria that lack a cell wall
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Section 7

Question Answer
Normocephalicnormal shape of the head
Naresnostrils
Neuralgiasharp pain along the course of a nerve
Nystagmusinvoluntary rapid eye movement
Occiputback part of the skull
Olecranonbony projection of the ulna forming the point of the elbow
Odynopagiapainful swallowing
Ophtahalmalgiapain in the eye
OSmouth, orifice
Palateroof of the mouth; the partition separating the nasal and oral cavities
Pallorpaleness of the skin
Paroyxsmaldescribes a sudden recurrence or intestfication of symptoms
Palpableable to be touched or easily percieved
Parawomen who has given birth to one or more viable offspring
Paresthesiaabnormal tactile sensation often described as burning, tingling or numbness
Paronychiainflammation of the tissue surrounding the nail
Petechiatiny red spot occurring on the skin caused by small amount of subcutaneous bleeding from the capillaries
Photophobiaabnormal intolerance to light
Popliteal Fossathe depression in the posterior region of the knee <the bark of the knee>
Post-ictalfollowing a seizure, post seizure symptoms
Pleurisypainful inflammation of the pleura
Psoriasischronic, non-contagious disease characterized by lesions covered with silvery-white scabs of dead skins
Pneumothoraxabnormal presence of air in the pleural space <chest cavity> and outside of the lung causing the lung to collapse
Pharyhngitisinflammation of the mucous membrane and underlying parts of the pharnyx
Pyloric Stenoriscauses severe vomiting in the first few months of life
Purulentconsisting of pus
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Section 8

Question Answer
Ralesclicking, rattling or crackling noises heard in the lungs on inhalation, indication fluid in the alveoli <signs of pneumonia or heart failure>
Rhinorrheathin watery discharge from the nose
Rhoncia coarse sound in the lungs that indicates the presence of thick fluid. Abnormal respiratory sound heard on ausculatation
Sciaticpertaining to the ischium or hip
SeizureThe sudden attack or recurrence of a disease. A single episode of epilepsy often named for the type it represnets
Sclerathe layer under the white part of the eye
Sepsispresence of pathological microorganisms or their toxins in the blood
Shaftlong, slender portion of a long bone
Sputumspit, any mixed matter with saliva that is expectorated through the mouth
Stool Guaiactest detects the presence of fecal occult blood
Stellatestar shaped
Stenosisnarrowing of a body opening or passage
Stridorharsh or high-pitched respitory sound caused by obstruction of upper airway passage. High pitched sound heard on inspiration that is indicative of airway obstruction.
Supinationrotation of either the forearm or foot
Syncopeloss of consciousness
Tachycardiaabnormal rapid heart beat/ fast heart rate
Tachypneaextreamely fast/rapid respiration
Thoracotomysurgical opening of the chest cavity
Thoracostomysurgical procedure to install a chest tube
Tineasuperficial fungal infection of the skin
Trismusspasm of the musticatory muscles; difficulty opening mouth
Tinnitisringing in the ear
Tonsillectomysurgical excision of the tonsils
Torsionthe twisting of a bodily organ on its own axis <usually pertaining to an ovary or testicle>
Turgorcondition of being distended or swollen
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Section 9

Question Answer
Urticariahives or wheals, either redder or paler than the surrounding area and are often itchy
Veinvessel carrying deoxygenated blood back to the heart
Vertigoa spinning sensation caused by an inner ear problem
Whealround, localized area of edema on the skin attended by severe itching
Wheezinghigh pitched whistling sound of air moving though narrowed airways
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