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Medical Terminology - Word Parts

rename
annacookiedo's version from 2018-09-07 18:32

Section

General Words

 

Question Answer
-acpertaining to
andr-, andro-male
auto-self
bio-life
chem-, chemo-chemistry
cyt-, cyto-cell
–blast-, -blasto, -blasticbud, germ
–cyte, -cyticcell
fibr-, fibro-fiber
gluco-, glycol-glucose, sugar
gyn-, gyno-, gynec-female
hetero-other, different
memorize

 

Question Answer
hydr-, hydro-water
idio-self, one’s own
–itypertaining to
karyo-nucleus
neo-new
–ouspertaining to
oxy-sharp, acute, oxygen
pan-, pant-, panto-all or everywhere
pharmaco-drug, medicine
re-again, backward
somat-, somatico-, somato-body, bodily
memorize

 

Body Parts and Disorders

 

Question Answer
acous-, acouso-hearing
aden-, adeno-gland
adip-, adipo-fat
adren-, adreno-gland
angi-, angio-blood vessel
arteri-, arterio-artery
blephar-eyelid
bronch-, bronchi-bronchus
bucc-, bucco-cheek
burs-, burso-bursa
memorize

 

Question Answer
carcin-, carcino-cancer
cardi-, cardio-heart
cephal-, cephalo-head
chol-bile
chondr-cartilage
coron-heart
cost-rib
carni-, cranio-brain
cutaneskin
cyst-, cysti-, cysto-bladder or sac
memorize

 

Question Answer
dactyl-, dactyl-digit
derm-, dermato-skin
duodeno-duodenum
–esthesiosensation
gloss-, gloss-tongue
gastr-stomach
gnath-, gnatho-jaw
grav-heavy
hem, hema-, hemat-, hemato-, hemo-blood
hepat-, hepatico-, heapto-liver
memorize

 

Question Answer
hidr-, hidro-sweat
hist-, histio-, histo-tissue
hyster-, hysteron-uterus
ileo-ileum
irid-, irido-iris
ischi-, ischio-ischium
–iumstructure or tissue
kerat-, kerato-cornea (eye or skin)
lacrim-, lacrimo-tear (from your eyes)
lact-, lacti-, lacto-milk
memorize

 

Question Answer
laryng-, laryngo-larynx
lingu-, linguo-tongue
lip-, lipo-fat
lith-, litho-stone
lymph-, lympho-lymph
mamm, mast-, masto-breast
mening-, meningo-meninges
muscul-, musclo-muscle
my-, myo-muscle
myel-, myelo-spinal cord or bone marrow
memorize

 

Question Answer
myring-, myringo-eardrum
nephr-, nephro-kidney
neur-, neuri-, neuronnerve
oculo-eye
odont-, odonto-tooth
onych-, onycho-fingernail, toenail
oo-egg, ovary
oophor-, oophoron-ovary
op-, opt-vision
ophthalm-, ophthalmo-eye
memorize

 

Question Answer
orchid-, orchid-, orchio-testis
ossi-bone
osseo-bony
ost-, oste-, osteo-bone
ot-, oto-ear
ovari-, ovario-, ovi-, ovo-ovary
phalang-phalanyx (bone in fingers or toes)
pharyng-, pharyngo-pharynx, throat
phleb-, phlebo-vein
phob-, phobiafear
memorize

 

Question Answer
phren-, phreni-, phrenico-, phreno-diaphragm
pleur-, pleura-, pleuro-rib, pleura
pneum-, pneuma-, pneumat-, pneumato-air, lung
pod-, podofoot
prostat-prostate
psych-, psyche-, psycho-mind
proct-, procto-anus, rectum
pyel-, pyelo-pelvis
rachi-spine
rect-, recto-rectum
memorize

 

Question Answer
ren-, reno-kidney
retin-retina
rhin-, rhino-nose
salping-, salpingo-tube
sial-, sialo-saliva, salivary gland
sigmoid-, sigmoido-sigmoid colon
splanchn-, splanchnic-, splanchno-viscera (internal organ)
sperma-, speramto-, spermo-sperm
spirat-breathe
spleen-, spleno-vertebra
memorize

 

Question Answer
stern-sternum
stom-, stoma-, stomat-, stomato-mouth
thel-, thelo-nipples
thorac-, thoracico-, thoraco-chest
thromb-, thrombo-blood clot
thyr-, thyro-thyroid gland
trache, trachea-trachea
tympan-, tympano-eardrum
ur-, uro-urine
uri-, uric-, urico-uric acid
memorize

 

Question Answer
–uriain the urine
vagin-vagina
varic-, varico-duct, blood vessel
vasculo-blood vessel
ven-, veno-vein
vertebra-vertebra, spine
vesic-, vesico-vesicle (cyst or pouch)
memorize

 

Positions and Directions

 

Question Answer
ab-, abs-away from
ambi-both sides
ante-before, forward
circum-around
cycl-circle, cycle
dextr-, dextro-right side
de-away from, ending
dia-across, through
memorize

 

Question Answer
ect-, ecto, exo-outer; outside
en-inside
end-, endo-, ent-, enter-, entero-within; inner
epi-upon, outside of
ex-, extra-beyond
infra-beneath; below
inter-between
memorize

 

Question Answer
intra-within
meso-middle
meta-beyond, change
para-alongside, abnormal
per-through
peri-around
post-behind, after
memorize

 

Question Answer
pre-before, in front
retro-backward, behind
sinister-, sinistro-left, left side
sub-under
supra-above, upon
sy-, syl-, sym-, syn-, sys-together
trans-across, through
memorize

 

Numbers and Amounts

 

Question Answer
bi-two
brady-slow
diplo-double
hemi-half
homo-same
hyper-above, beyond, excessive
hypo-under, deficient
iso-equal, like
macro-large, long, big
meg-, mega-, megal-, megalo-great, large
–megalyenlargement
memorize

 

Question Answer
mic-, micro-small
mon-, mono-one
multi-many
olig-, oligo-few, little
poly-many, excessive
quadri-four
semi-half
tachy-fast
tetra-four
tri-three
uni-one
memorize

 

Color

 

Question Answer
chlor-, chloro-green
chrom-, chromate-color
cyano-blue
erythr-, erythro-blood
leuk-, leuko-white
melan-, melano-black
xanth, xantho-yellow
memorize

 

Physical Properties and Shapes

 

Question Answer
-celebulge
elect-electrical activity
kin-, kine-, kinesi-, kinesio-, kino-movement
kyph-, kypho-humped
morph-, morpho-shape
rhabd-, rhabdo-rod-shaped, striated
scoli-, scolio-twisted
memorize

 

Question Answer
cry-, cryo-cold
phon-, phono-sound
phos-light
phot-, photo-light
reticul-, reticulo-net
therm-, thermos-heat
tono-tone, tension, pressure
memorize

 

Good and Bad

 

Question Answer
–alge-, -algesipain
a-, an-without; lacking
anti-against
contra-against
dis-separation, taking apart
–dyniapain, swelling
dys-difficult, abnormal
–eal, -ialpertaining to
–ectasisexpansion or dilation
–emesisvomiting
–emiablood condition
–esisstate or condition
memorize

 

Question Answer
eu-good, well
–iacondition
–iasiscondition, formation of
–ismcondition
–ites, -it isinflammation
–lysis, -lytic, lyso-, lys-break down, destruction, dissolving
mal-bad, abnormal
–malaciasoftening
–maniamorbid impulse towards an object/thing
myc-, myco-fungus
myx-, myxo-mucus
necr-, necro-death
memorize

 

Question Answer
normo-normal
–odynpain
–omatumor
–oidresembling
orth-, ortho-straight, normal, correct
–osiscondition, usually abnormal
–pathy, patho-, path-disease
–peniadeficiency, lack of
–phagia, phagyeating, swallowing
–phasiaspeech
–plasia, -plasticgrowth
–plegiaparalysis
memorize

 

Question Answer
–pneabreathing
–poiesisproduction
–praxiamovement
pro-favoring, supporting
pseudo-false
–ptosisfalling, drooping
pyo-pus
pyro-fever
onco-tumor, bulk, volume
–rrhage, -rrhagicbleeding
–rrheaflow or discharge
memorize

 

Question Answer
sarco-muscular, fleshlike
schisto-split, cleft, division
schiz-, schizo-split, cleft
sclera-, scelro-hardness
–sclerosishardening
–siscondition
–spasmmuscle condition
spasmo-spasm
–stasislevel, unchanging
sten-, steno-narrowed, blocked
–taxismovement
–trophygrowth
memorize

 

Procedures, Diagnosis, and Surgery

 

Question Answer
-centesissurgical puncture to remove fluid
-desissurgical binding
-ectomycut out, removal
-gram, -graph, -graphyrecoding, written
-meterdevice used for measuring
-metrymeasurement of
-opsyvisual examination
-ostomyopening
-otomyincision
memorize

 

Question Answer
-pexysurgical fixation
-plastysurgical reconstruction
radio-radiation, radius
-rrhaphysuture
-scope, -scopyexamine, for examining
-stomysurgical opening
-tomycutting; incision
-tripsycrushing
memorize