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Medical terminology roots

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teacheruae's version from 2016-01-17 09:08

Section 1 - vessels and circulation

RootMeaning
cardi(o)-heart
coron(o)-heart
angi(o)-blood vessel
vascul(o)-, vas(o)-blood vessel
aort(o)-aorta
arteri(o)-artery
phleb(o)-vein
ven(o)-vein
aemat(o), haem(o)-blood
thromb(o)-blood clot
memorize

Section 2 - kidney and urine

RootMeaning
nephr(o)-kidney
ren(o)-kidney
ureter(o)-ureter
urethr(o)urethra
ur(o)-urine; urinary system
urin(o)-urine; urinary system
vesic(o)-bladder
cyst(o)-bladder
memorize

Section 3 - bones and muscles

RootMeaning
oste(o)-bone
ossi-bone
myel(o)-bone marrow
my(o)-muscle
crani(o)-skull
humer(o)-shoulder
thorac(i)-, thorac(o)-rib cage
cost(o)-rib
pyel(o)pelvis
pelv(i)-pelvis
cox-hip, hip joint
memorize

 

RootMeaning
genu-knee
gon-knee
ped(o)-, pod-foot
hallic-big toe
carp(o)wrist
cheir(o)hand
manu-hand
pollic-thumb
dactyl(o)finger, toe
digit-finger, toe
memorize

Section 4 - brain and senses

RootMeaning
cerebr(o)-brain
encephal(o)-brain
ment-mind
psych-mind
myel(o) -spinal cord
neur(o)-, nerv-nerve; nervous system
ocul(o)-eye
ophthalm(o)- eye
optic(o)-eye
auri-ear
ot(o)-ear
memorize

Section 5 - reproductive systems

RootMeaning
mamm(o)-breast
mast(o)-breast
hyster(o)-uterus, womb
metr(o)-uterus, womb
uter(o)-uterus, womb
colp(o)-vagina
vagin(o)-vagina
oophor(o)-ovary
ovari(o)-ovary
salping(o)-fallopian tubes
men(o)-menstruation
oo-, ov-eggs, ova
orchi -, orchid(o)-testis
pe(o)-penis
memorize

Section 6 - digestive system

MeaningRoot
gastr(o)-stomach
enter(o)-small intestine
cholecyst(o)-gallbladder
hepat(o)-liver
pancreat(o)pancreas
col(o)-colon
rect-rectum
proct(o)-anus and rectum
or-mouth
stomat(o)-mouth
gloss-, glott-tongue
lingu(a)-tongue
dent(i)-tooth
odont(o)-tooth
memorize

Section 7 - breathing

MeaningRoot
nas-nose
rhin(o)-nose
pharyng(o)throat (upper cavity)
laryng(o)throat (lower cavity)
trache(o)windpipe
pneumo(n)-lungs
pulmon(i), pulmo-lungs
memorize

Section 8 - the face

RootMeaning
faci(o)-face
front(o)-forehead
bucc-cheek
gnath(o)-jaw
blephar(o)-eyelid
palpebr-eyelid
or-mouth
stomat(o)-mouth
gingiv-gums
labi(o)-lips
memorize

Section 9 - parts of the body

MeaningRoot
corpor-body
som-body
somat-body
capit(o)-head
cephal(o)-head
cervic-neck
abdomin(o)-abdomen
pect(o)-chest
steth(o)-chest
axill-armpit
brachi(o)-arm
dors-back
abdomin(o)abdomen
lapar(o)-abdomen
umbilic-navel
ped(o)-foot
memorize

Section 10 - tissues

Please note - the root myel(o) can mean two different things - the fact that it appears in two lists on this page is not a mistake.
MeaningRoot
aem-blood
haemat-, haem-blood
myel(o)-bone marrow, marrow
oste(o)-bone
ossi-bone
chondr(o)-cartilage
my(o)-muscle
aden(o)-gland
adip-fat, fatty tissue
cut-, cuticul-skin
dermat(o)-, derm-skin
onych(o)-nail
ungui-nail
lip(o)-fat, fatty tissue
neur(o)-, nerv-nervous tissue
memorize

Section 11 - a few suffixes

I know the overall heading is 'roots' but these suffixes seem to fit in here and it will do you good to revise them.
MeaningSuffix
-dipsia(condition of) thirst
-genesisgrowth, development
-pathydisease
-pepsiadigestion
-phagiaingestion, swallowing
-pneabreathing
-synthesiscomposition, combining of elements
-trophynourishment, development
memorize

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