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Medical Terminology- nha

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ephamy101's version from 2017-12-31 04:03

Section 1

Question Answer
What are Prefixes? Give an Example.Word Components at the beginning of a word that change the meaning of rest of the word. Ex: antinfllammatory (Anti-)
What is a root word? Give Examples.The basic part of a word, the basic meaning and is whats left in a word when taking out the prefixes and suffixes. Ex: Thyr- , Bi -
What does the medical term a-, and an- mean? What kind of word part is this?means without. Its a prefix
What does ab- mean?away from
ad- toward
ambi-both
ante-before
anti- against
auto- self
bi- two, twice, double
brady- slow
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
circum- around
contra-against
de-down
dys-painful, abnormal, difficult, bad
endo-within, inside
epi- above, on
eu-normal, good
ex- , extra-, exo-outside of
hemi- half
hyper-above, excessive, increased
hypo- below, decreased, insufficient
Infra- beneath
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Section 3

Question Answer
inter-between, among
infra- beneath
intra-within, during
levo- to the left
macro-large
mal-bad
mega-exceptionally large
meso-middle
meta-over,beyond
micro-small
mono-one
multi-many
memorize

Section 4

Question Answer
neo-new
nulli-none
peri-around
poly-many
post-after, behind
pre- , pro- before, in front of
presby- older age
primi- first
pseudo-false
quadri- four
retro-behind, in back of
memorize

Section 5

Question Answer
sten-narrowed
sub-under
super-, supra-above, excess
sym-, syn-together, with
tachy-fast
trans-across
tri-three
ultra-beyond, excess
uni-one
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Section 6

Question Answer
What are suffixes? Give an Example.word components that appear at the end of a word to change the meaning of the rest of the word. Ex: -cidal, -cide
What does the suffix -cidal, -cide mean?pertaining to killing
-agerelated to
-cisecut, remove
-ectomyremoval, excision
-gramrecord
-graphinstrument for recording
-ionprocess
-lysisdestruction, seperation
-scopy visual examination
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spasm : involuntary twitch, contraction
Question Answer
-stasis stopping or controlling
-tomyincision
-meter device for measuring
-algia pain
-asthenia weakness
-dyniapain
-emiablood condition
-ia, -ismcondition
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Section 7

Question Answer
-itis Inflammation
-oma tumor
-pathydisorder, decrease
-phasia speech
-phobia fear
-plegia paralysis
-ptosis drooping, falling
-rrhagebursting forth
-rrhea flow, discharge
memorize

Section 8

Question Answer
list other suffixes here
memorize

Section 9

Question Answer
When changing words from singular to plural, you can end the word with what letters? Give examples:s or es. Lacerations, lymphocytes, viruses, crutches
To make a singular word that ends in "y" plural you have to change and add what? Give an Examplechange the "y" to an i and add "es" Ex: Ovary- Ovaries
If a latin words ends with an "a" and you want to make it plural you have to do what? Give an example.add an "e" at the end. Ex: vertebra - vertebrae
How do you make words that end in "um" plural? give an example.change the "um" to an "a" to make plural. ex: bacterium - bacteria
How do you make words that end in "is" plural? Give an example.change "is" to "es". Ex: diagnosis- diagnoses
How do you make words that end in "us" plural? Give an Example.Change "us" to "i". Ex: fungus - fungi
How do you make words that end in "on" plural? Give an Example. Change "on" to "a" Ex: protozon - protozoa
How do you make words that end "ix" or "ex" plural? Change the "ix" or "ex" to "ices" Ex: appendix- appendices
memorize