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Medical Terminology - Common Abbreviations

annacookiedo's version from 2018-09-07 01:58


Question Answer
ABGarterial blood gases; test to detect lung diseases
ACEangiotensin converting enzyme; drugs containing ACE inhibitors used to treat high blood pressure, heart failure, diabetes, and kidney diseases
ACLanterior cruciate ligament
ADHDattention deficit hyperactivity disorder
AFIBatrial fibrillation; disturbance of the rhythm of the heart
AIDSacquired immunodeficiency syndrome; infection caused by human immunodeficiency virus
ALPalkaline phosphatase; blood test for ALP to detect liver or bone disease
ALSamyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s Disease)
ALTalanine aminotransferase; blood test for ALp to detect liver disease
AMDage-related macular degeneration (eye problem)
AMIacute myocardial infarction (heart attack)
AODMadult onset diabetes mellitus (type 2 diabetes)
ASTaspartate aminotransferase; blood test for ALP to detect liver disease
AVMarteriovenous malformation; defect in the circulatory system
BIDtwice a day
BMIbody mass index


Question Answer
BPblood pressure
BPHbenign prostatic hypertrophy; enlargement of the prostate gland
BRCAbreast cancer gene
BUNblood urea nitrogen; blood test for BUN to detect kidney disease problems
CAcancer or calcium
CA-125cancer antigen 125
CABGcoronary bypass graft
CADcoronary artery disease
CATcomputerized axial tomography
CBCcomplete blood count
CHDcongenital heart disease
CHFcongestive heart failure; condition in which heart can’t pump enough blood throughout the body
CMV: cytomegalovirus; a common virus
Question Answer
CNScentral nervous system
COPDchronic obstructive pulmonary disease; lung disease that makes it hard to breathe
CPKcreatine phosphokinase; blood test for CPK to see if you’ve had a heart attack


Question Answer
CPRcardiopulmonary resuscitation; emergency procedure whose heart has stopped or is no longer breathing
CRFchronic renal failure
CRPC-reactive protein; blood test for CRP to see if you have inflammation or heart problems
CSFcerebrospinal fluid
CVAcerebrovascular accident (stroke or “brain attack”)
CXRchest x-ray
D&Cdilation and curettage; surgical procedure on the uterus
DJDdegenerative joint disease (arthritis)
DMdiabetes mellitus
DTPdiphtheria, tetanus, pertussis; a vaccine for three diseases
DVTdeep-vein thrombosis; a blood clot
ECG, EKGelectrocardiogram; a test that measures electrical impulses of the heart
ECHOechocardiogram; a test that uses sound waves to look at the heart
EEGelectroencephalogram; a test that measure electrical impulses of the brain
EMGelectromyography; a test that measures electrical impulses of muscles


Question Answer
ENTear, nose, and throat
ERCPendoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography; a way to diagnose problems in the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and pancreas
ESERerythrocyte sendimentation rate; blood test for inflammation
ESRDend-stage renal disease
FSHfollicle stimulating hormone
GERDgastroesophageal reflux disease; stomach contents leak back into gullet
GFRglomerular filtration rate; test of kidney damage
HAVhepatitis A virus
HBVhepatitis B virus
HCThematocrit; blood test measurement
HCVhepatitis C virus
HDLhigh density lipoprotein (“good” cholesterol)
HGBhemoglobin; blood test measurement
HIVhuman immunodeficiency virus; virus that causes AIDS
HPVhuman papilloma virus; virus that causes cervical cancer


Question Answer
HRThormone replacement therapy
IBDinflammatory bowel disease; a name for two digestive disorders -- ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease
IBSirritable bowel syndrome; problem with the large intestine
ICDimplantable cardioverter defibrillator; a device that monitors heart rhythm problems
ICUintensive care unit
IDDMinsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (Type 1 diabetes)
IMintramuscular; a type of injection
IUDintrauterine device
IVintravenous; a type of injection
IVPintravenous pyelogram; an x-ray test of the urinary system
LDLlow density lipoprotein (“bad” cholesterol)
LFTliver function tests
MImyocardial infarction (heart attack)
MMRmeasles, mumps, and rubella
MRImagnetic resonance imaging


Question Answer
MRSAmethicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus; a type of infection
MSmultiple sclerosis; disease in the nervous system
NIDDMnon-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (Type 2 diabetes)
NKDAno known drug allergies
NSAIDnon-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (e.g., ibuprofen)
OCDobsessive-compulsive disorder
PADperipheral arterial disease
PAPpapanicolau; PAP test to detect cervical cancer
PATparoxysmal atrial tachycardia; disturbance of the rhythm of the heart
PETpositron emission tomography; type of x-ray test
PFTpulmonary function test
PIDpelvic inflammatory disease; infection and inflammation of the female reproductive organs
PMSpremenstrual syndrome
PPDpurified protein derivative; PPD skin test for tuberculosis
PRNas needed


Question Answer
PSAprostate specific antigen; blood test for PSA to detect prostate disease
PTprothrombin time; a measure of blood clotting
PTHparathyroid hormone
PTSDpost-traumatic stress syndrome
PTTpartial thromboplastin time; a measure of blood clotting
PUDpeptic ulcer disease; disease of the stomach
PVCpremature ventricular contraction; disturbance of the rhythm of the heart
QIDfour times a day
RArheumatoid arthritis
RBCred blood cell
RSVrespiratory syncytial virus; virus that causes infections in children
SADseasonal affective disorder
SIDSsudden infant death syndrome
SLEsystemic lupus erythematosus (lupus)
SOBshortness of breath


Question Answer
STDsexually transmitted disease
TBtuberculosis (infection of lungs)
TAHtotal abdominal hysterectomy; surgery to remove uterus
TIAtransient ischemic attack; a small stroke
TIBCtotal iron binding capacity; test that measures amount of iron in blood
TIDthree times a day
TMJtemporomandibular joint
TORCHgroup of infections that may cuase birth defects
TSHthyroid stimulating hormone
TURPtransurethral resection of prostate gland; operation to remove parts of prostate gland
URIupper respiratory infection (common cold)
UTIurinary tract infection (bladder and kidneys)
WBCwhite blood cell