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Medical Terminology - Common Abbreviations

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annacookiedo's version from 2018-09-07 01:58

Section

Question Answer
ABGarterial blood gases; test to detect lung diseases
ACEangiotensin converting enzyme; drugs containing ACE inhibitors used to treat high blood pressure, heart failure, diabetes, and kidney diseases
ACLanterior cruciate ligament
ADHDattention deficit hyperactivity disorder
AFIBatrial fibrillation; disturbance of the rhythm of the heart
AIDSacquired immunodeficiency syndrome; infection caused by human immunodeficiency virus
ALPalkaline phosphatase; blood test for ALP to detect liver or bone disease
ALSamyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s Disease)
ALTalanine aminotransferase; blood test for ALp to detect liver disease
AMDage-related macular degeneration (eye problem)
AMIacute myocardial infarction (heart attack)
AODMadult onset diabetes mellitus (type 2 diabetes)
ASTaspartate aminotransferase; blood test for ALP to detect liver disease
AVMarteriovenous malformation; defect in the circulatory system
BIDtwice a day
BMIbody mass index
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Question Answer
BPblood pressure
BPHbenign prostatic hypertrophy; enlargement of the prostate gland
BRCAbreast cancer gene
BUNblood urea nitrogen; blood test for BUN to detect kidney disease problems
CAcancer or calcium
CA-125cancer antigen 125
CABGcoronary bypass graft
CADcoronary artery disease
CATcomputerized axial tomography
CBCcomplete blood count
CHDcongenital heart disease
CHFcongestive heart failure; condition in which heart can’t pump enough blood throughout the body
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CMV: cytomegalovirus; a common virus
Question Answer
CNScentral nervous system
COPDchronic obstructive pulmonary disease; lung disease that makes it hard to breathe
CPKcreatine phosphokinase; blood test for CPK to see if you’ve had a heart attack
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Question Answer
CPRcardiopulmonary resuscitation; emergency procedure whose heart has stopped or is no longer breathing
CRFchronic renal failure
CRPC-reactive protein; blood test for CRP to see if you have inflammation or heart problems
CSFcerebrospinal fluid
CVAcerebrovascular accident (stroke or “brain attack”)
CXRchest x-ray
D&Cdilation and curettage; surgical procedure on the uterus
DJDdegenerative joint disease (arthritis)
DMdiabetes mellitus
DTPdiphtheria, tetanus, pertussis; a vaccine for three diseases
DVTdeep-vein thrombosis; a blood clot
DXdiagnosis
ECG, EKGelectrocardiogram; a test that measures electrical impulses of the heart
ECHOechocardiogram; a test that uses sound waves to look at the heart
EEGelectroencephalogram; a test that measure electrical impulses of the brain
EMGelectromyography; a test that measures electrical impulses of muscles
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Question Answer
ENTear, nose, and throat
ERCPendoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography; a way to diagnose problems in the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and pancreas
ESERerythrocyte sendimentation rate; blood test for inflammation
ESRDend-stage renal disease
FSHfollicle stimulating hormone
GERDgastroesophageal reflux disease; stomach contents leak back into gullet
GIgastrointesteinal
GFRglomerular filtration rate; test of kidney damage
HAVhepatitis A virus
HBVhepatitis B virus
HCThematocrit; blood test measurement
HCVhepatitis C virus
HDLhigh density lipoprotein (“good” cholesterol)
HGBhemoglobin; blood test measurement
HIVhuman immunodeficiency virus; virus that causes AIDS
HPVhuman papilloma virus; virus that causes cervical cancer
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Question Answer
HRThormone replacement therapy
HTNhypertension
IBDinflammatory bowel disease; a name for two digestive disorders -- ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease
IBSirritable bowel syndrome; problem with the large intestine
ICDimplantable cardioverter defibrillator; a device that monitors heart rhythm problems
ICUintensive care unit
IDDMinsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (Type 1 diabetes)
IMintramuscular; a type of injection
IUDintrauterine device
IVintravenous; a type of injection
IVPintravenous pyelogram; an x-ray test of the urinary system
LDLlow density lipoprotein (“bad” cholesterol)
LFTliver function tests
MImyocardial infarction (heart attack)
MMRmeasles, mumps, and rubella
MRImagnetic resonance imaging
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Question Answer
MRSAmethicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus; a type of infection
MSmultiple sclerosis; disease in the nervous system
NGnasogastric
NIDDMnon-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (Type 2 diabetes)
NKDAno known drug allergies
NSAIDnon-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (e.g., ibuprofen)
OCDobsessive-compulsive disorder
PADperipheral arterial disease
PAPpapanicolau; PAP test to detect cervical cancer
PATparoxysmal atrial tachycardia; disturbance of the rhythm of the heart
PETpositron emission tomography; type of x-ray test
PFTpulmonary function test
PIDpelvic inflammatory disease; infection and inflammation of the female reproductive organs
PMSpremenstrual syndrome
PPDpurified protein derivative; PPD skin test for tuberculosis
PRNas needed
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Question Answer
PSAprostate specific antigen; blood test for PSA to detect prostate disease
PTprothrombin time; a measure of blood clotting
PTHparathyroid hormone
PTSDpost-traumatic stress syndrome
PTTpartial thromboplastin time; a measure of blood clotting
PUDpeptic ulcer disease; disease of the stomach
PVCpremature ventricular contraction; disturbance of the rhythm of the heart
QIDfour times a day
RArheumatoid arthritis
RBCred blood cell
RSVrespiratory syncytial virus; virus that causes infections in children
Rxtreatment
SADseasonal affective disorder
SIDSsudden infant death syndrome
SLEsystemic lupus erythematosus (lupus)
SOBshortness of breath
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Question Answer
STDsexually transmitted disease
T3triiodothyronine
T4thyroxine
TBtuberculosis (infection of lungs)
TAHtotal abdominal hysterectomy; surgery to remove uterus
TIAtransient ischemic attack; a small stroke
TIBCtotal iron binding capacity; test that measures amount of iron in blood
TIDthree times a day
TMJtemporomandibular joint
TORCHgroup of infections that may cuase birth defects
TSHthyroid stimulating hormone
TURPtransurethral resection of prostate gland; operation to remove parts of prostate gland
URIupper respiratory infection (common cold)
UTIurinary tract infection (bladder and kidneys)
XRTradiotherapy
WBCwhite blood cell
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