Medical specialties and pathology of the female reproductive system

tigrebright's version from 2015-11-23 02:21

Section 1

Question Answer
gynecologista physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the female reproductive system
obstetricianspecializes in providing medical care to women during pregnancy, childbirth and immediately therafter
midwifeone who assists in labor and delivery
certified nurse midwifea RN with specialized training in obstetrics and gynecology who provides primary care in normal pregnancies and deliveries
neonatologista physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the newborn
infertility specialisthelps infertile couples by diagnosing and treating problems associated with conception and maintaining pregnancy

Section 2

Question Answer
anovulationthe absence of ovulation when it would normally be expected
oophoritisinflammation of an ovary
ovarian canceroriginates within the cells of the ovaries
ovariorrhexisthe rupture of an ovary
pelvic inflammatory diseaseinflammation of the female reproductive organs not associated with surgery or pregnancy
polycystic ovary syndromea condition caused by a hormonal imbalance in which ovaries are enlarged by the presence of many cysts formed by incompletely developed follicles
pyosalpinxa accumulation of pus in a fallopian tube
salpingitisinflammation of a fallopian tube
endometriosisa condition in which patches of endometrial tissues escape the uterus and become attached to other structures in the pelvic cavity
metrorrheaan abnormal discharge from the uterus
endometrial cancerinvolves a cancerous growth that begins in the lining of the uterus
uterine fibroida benign tumor composed of muscle and fibrous tissue that occurs in the wall of the uterous

Section 3

Question Answer
cervical cancercaused by human papillomaviruses which can now be prevented through vaccination and detected early through routine Pap tests
cervical dysplasiathe presence of precancerous changes in the cells that make up the inner lining of the cervix
cervicitisinflammation of the cervix
endocervicitisinflammation of the mucous membrane lining of the cervix
colporrhexistearing or laceration of the vaginal wall
dyspareuniacharacterized by pain during sexual intercourse
leukorrheaa profuse, whitish mucus discharge from the uterus and vagina
vaginal candidiasisvaginal infection caused by a yeast-like fungus
vaginitisinflammation of the lining of the vagina
pruritus vulvaea condition of sever itching of the external female genitalia
vulvodyniapainful syndrome of unknown cause characterized by chronic burning, pain during intercourse, itching or stinging irritation of the vulva
vulvitisinflammation of the vulva

Section 4

Question Answer
fibroadenomaa round, firm, rubbery mass that arises from excess growth of glandular and connective tissue in the breast; benign and usually painless
fibrocystic breast diseasethe presence of a single or multiple benign cysts in the breast
galactorrheathe production of breast milk in a woman who is not breastfeeding
mastalgiapain in the breast
mastitisbreast infection caused by bacteria that enter the breast tissue, usually during breastfeeding
amenorrheaabnormal absence of menstrual periods for 90 days or more
dysmenorrheapain caused by uterine cramps during a menstrual period
dysfunctional uterine bleedingcondition characterized by abnormal bleeding often due to an imbalance hormone level changes
hypermenorrheaan excessive amount of menstrual flow over a period of more that 7 days
hypomenorrheaan unusually small amount of menstrual flow during a shortened regular menstrual period
menometrorrhagiaexcessive uterine bleeding at both the usual time of menstrual periods and at other irregular intervals
oligomenorrheaterm used to describe infrequent or very light menstruation in a woman with previously normal periods
polymenorrheathe occurence of menstrual cycles more frequently than is normal
premature menopausea condition in which the ovaries cease functioning before the age of 40 due to disease, hormone disorder, or surgical removal
premenstrual syndromea group of symptoms experienced by some women within the 2-week period before menstruation
premenstrual dysphoric disordera condition associated with severe emotional and physical problems that are closely linked to the menstrual cycle