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Medical Conditions 2

Updated 2009-02-22 20:23

Medical Conditions 2 (tables 9-13)

Memorize important facts involving diseases and medical conditions.
See also: Medical Conditions, Medical, and other Sciences.

8 tables of "Classic findings"

3 tables of "Most Common Associations"

2 tables of "Most Frequent Causes"

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Most Common Associations

(9) Most
Bacteremia/pneumonia (IVDA)S. aureus
Bacteria associated with cancerH. pylori
Bacteria found in GI tractBacteroides fragilis
Brain tumor (adults)Mets>astrocytoma>meningioma>schannoma
Brain tumor (kids)Medulloblastoma (cerebellum)
Brain tumor, supratentorial (kids)Craniopharyngioma
Breast cancerInfiltrating ductal carcinoma
Breast massFibrocystic change
Breast tumor (benign)Fibroadenoma
Bug in debilitated, hospitalized pneumonia patientKlebsiella
cardiac primary tumor (adults)Myxoma
cardiac primary tumor (kids)Rhabdomyoma
Cardiac tumor (adults)mets
CardiomyopathyDilated cardiomyopathy
Chromosomal disorderdown syndrome
chronic arrhythmiaAtrial fibrillation
Congenital cardiac anomalyVSD
Constrictive pericarditisTuberculosis
Coronary artery involved in thrombosisLAD>RCA>LCA
Cyanosis (early; less common)T.O.F., transposition of great vessels, truncus arteriosus
Cyanosis (late; more common)VSD, ASD, PDA (close with indomethacin, open with misoprostol)
Demyelinatin diseasemultiple sclerosis
Dietary deficitIron
EpiglottitisH. flu type beeeeeeee
Esophageal cancerp53 tumor suppressor gene
Group affected by cystic fibrosisCaucasians
Gynecologic malignancyEndometrial carcinoma
Heart murmurMitral valve prolapse


(10) Most
Heart valve in bacterial endocarditisMitral
Heart valve in bacterial endocarditis in IVDATricuspid
heart valve (rheumatic fever)Mitral, then aortic
Helminth infection (US)Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm)
Helminth infection #2 (US)Ascaris lumbricoides
Hereditary bleeding disordervon Willebrand's
Kidney stonesCalcium = radiopaque
Liver diseasealcoholic liver disease
locatio of brain tumors (adults)supratentorial
Location of brain tumors (kids)Infratentorial
Lysosomal storage diseaseGaucher's disease
Male cancerProstatic carcinoma
Malignancy assocaiated with noninfectious feverHodgkin's disease
Malignant skin tumorBasal cell carcinoma (rarely metastasizes)
Mets to bonebreast, lung thyrouid, testes, prostate, kidney
Mets to brainlung, breast, skin (melanoma), kidney (renal cell ca.), GI
Mets to livercolon, gastric, pancreatic, breast, and lung carcinomas
Motor neuron diseaseALS
Neoplasm (kids)ALL
Nephrotic syndromemembranous glomerulonephritis
Obstruction of male urinary tractBPH
Opportunistic infection in AIDSPCP
Organ receiving metsAdrenal glands (due to rich blood supply)
Organ sending metslung> breast, stomach
Ovarian tumor (benign)serous cystadenoma
Ovarian tumor (malignant)serous cystadenocarcinoma
Pancreatic tumoradenocarcinoma (head of pancreas)
Patient with ALLALL-child
Patient with CLLAdult over 60
Patient with CMLAdult 40-60
Patient with AMLAdult 15-39
Patient with Hodgkin'sYoung male (except nodular sclerosing type-female)
Gender of patient with Reiter'sMale
Pituitary tumorProlactinoma (#2 is somatotropic "acidophilic" adenoma)


(11) Most
preventable cancerlung cancer
primary bone tumor (adults)multiple myeloma
primary hyper PTHadenomas followed by hyperplasia, then carcinoma)
primary liver tumorhepatoma
renal tumorrenal cell carcinoma--associated with von Hippel-Lindau and acquired polycystic kidney disease; paraneoplastic syndromes (erythropoietin, renin, PTH, ACTH)
secondary hyper PTHhypocalcemia of chronic renal failure
sexually transmitted diseasechlamydia
site of diverticuasigmoid colon
most common site of metastasisregional lymph nodes
second most common site of metastasisliver
sites of atherosclerosisabdominal aorta>coronary>popliteal>carotid
skin cancerbasal cell carcinoma
stomach canceradenocarcinoma
testicular cancerseminoma
thyroid cancerpapillary carcinoma
tracheoesophageal fistulalower esophagus joins trachea/upper esophagus-blind pouch
tumor in menprostate carcinoma
tumor in womenleiomyoma (estrogen dependent)
tumor of infancyhemangioma
tumor of the adrenal medulla(adults)pheochromocytoma(benign)
type of Hodgkin'sFollicular, small cleaved
type of pituitary adenomaprolactinoma
vasculitistemporal arteritis(most common; risk of blindness due to thrombosis of opthalmic artery)
viral encephalitisHSV
vitamin deficiency (U.S.)folic acid (pregnant women are at high risk; body stores 3-4 month supply)

Most Frequent Causes

(12) Most frequent cause
addison'sautoimmune (infection is number two)
aneurysm, dissectinghypertension
aortic aneurysm, abdominal and descending aortaatherosclerosis
bacterial meningitis (adults)N. meningitidis
bacterial meningitis (elderly)strep pneumo/pneumococcus
bacterial meningitis (kids)H. flu type beeeeeeee
bacterial meningitis (newborns)e.coli
cancer associated with AIDSKaposi's sarcoma
congenital adrenal hyperplasia21 hydroxylase deficiency
cretinismiodine deficit/hypothyroidism
cushing's syndromecorticosteroid therapy (2nd most common cause is excess ACTH secretion by pituitary)
death in CMLBlast crisis
death in SLElupus nephropathy
Dementiaalzheimer's (2nd most common is multi-infarct)
DICGram negative Sepis, Trauma/burns, OB complications, Possible cancer, Transfusions, Acute pancreatitis, Nephrotic syndrome (STOP-TAN)
Ejection clickaortic/pulmonic stenosis
food poisoningS. aureus
glomerulonephritis (adults)IgA nephropathy (Berger's disease)
Hematoma-epiduralrupture of middle meningeal artery (arterial bleeding is fast)
hematoma-subduralrupture of bridging veins (trauma; venous bleeding is slow)
hemochromatosismultiple blood transfusions (can result in CHF and increased risk of hepatocellular ca.)
hepatic cirrhosisEtOH
Hepatocellular carcinomacirrhotic liver (often associated iwth hepatitis B and C
holosystolic murmurVSD, tricuspid regurgitation, mitral regurgitation
hypertension, secondaryrenal disease
infection in blood transfusionhepatitis C
infection in burn victimspseudomonas


(13) Most frequent cause
leukemia (adults)AML
"machine like" murmurPDA
Mental retardationDown syndrome (fragile X is the second most common cause)
Mitral valve stenosisrheumatic heart disease
myocarditisCoxackie B
nephrotic syndrome (adults)Membranous glomerulonephritis
Nephrotic syndrome (kids)Minimal change disease (associated with infections/vaccinations; treat with corticosteroids)
Opening snapmitral stenosis
osteomyelitiss. aureus
osteomyelitis in patients with sickle cell diseasesalmonella
osteomyelitis with IV drug userspseudomonas
pancreatitis (acute)EtOH and gallstones
Pancreatitis (chronic)EtOH (adults) and Cystic fibrosis (kids)
Peau d'orangecarcinoma of the breast
PIDneisseria gonorrhoeae (monoarticular arthritis)
Pneumonia, hospital acquiredklebsiella
pneumonia in cystic fibrosis, burn infectionsPseudomonas aeruginosa
preventable blindnesschlamydia
primary amenorrheaturner's (XO)
primary hyperaldosteronismadenoma of the adrenal cortex
primary hyperparathyroidismadenoma
pulmonary hypertensionCOPD
right heart failure due to a pulmonary causecor pulmonale
right sided heart failureleft-sided heart failure
sheehan's syndromepostpartum pituitary infarction secondary to hemorrhage
SIADHsmall cell carcinoma of the lung
UTI (young women)e.coli and staph saprophiticus


See Also Medical Conditions, Medical, and other Sciences.

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