Med Term study 65-100

wifepreacher's version from 2016-11-29 20:33

Section 1

Question Answer
Spermicides are agents that kill?sperm
What does dysmenorrheal meancramps during menstruation
Define endometriosisdisorder where tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside the uterus
Postnatal means:After birth
What is the neck of the uterus called?Cervix
Which of the following structures can be affected by salpingitis?fallopian tubes
What is the surgical procedure for male sterilization and birth control?vasectomy
What radiographic procedure is used to screen breast cancer?Mammogram
Which hormone is produced by the testes?testosterone
Exophthalmos can occur as a result of what disease?thyroid eye disease
What is a goiter?abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland (butterfly shaped gland below the Adam's apple)
Define Cushing syndrome:A condition that occurs from exposure to high cortisol levels for a long time.
Insulin injections are prescribed for treatment of typetype 1 diabetes

Section 2

Question Answer
Define homostasisbody or cell remains constant or stable (variable is actively regulated to remain very constant
Define myxedemaHypothyroidism (thyroid gland becomes under active and produces fewer amounts of it's hormone.
What is the excision of the thyroid gland called?Thyroidectomy
The central nervous system is composed of the: Brain, spinal cord and nerve cells
The cerebrum is superior to the spinal cord. This means the cerebrum is located:above the spinal cord
Define multiple sclerosisImmune system eats away at the protective covering of nerves
What is a TIA?A brief stroke-like attack that resolves within minutes to hours
What is dementia?a group of thinking and social symptoms that interferes with daily functioning.
What is the term that describes an eruption of vesicles following the course of a nerve caused by the herpes zoster virus?Shingles
Brain lesions associated with Alzheimer disease are called?Plaques
Define Bells Palsysudden weakness in the muscles on one side of the face.
Define myasthenia gravis.A weakness and rapid fatigue of muscles under voluntary control.

Section 3

Question Answer
Which type of fracture results when the broken ends of a bone are forced into one another?buckle break
Is bursae in the plural form?yes
What is an abnormal sideward (lateral) curvature of the spine called?scoliosis
Define gout.A form of arthritis characterized by severe pain, redness, and tenderness in the joint.
An excessive amount of calcium in the blood is termed:Hypercarcemia
Define myasthenia gravisA weakness and rapid fatigue of muscles under voluntary control.
Define arthroplastya surgical reconstruction or replacement of a joint.
What is myringotomy?incision of the eardrum
Perception of ringing , hissing, or other sounds in the ears or head when no external sound is present is called:Tonol tinnitis
Which disease is related to the aging process in which the lens becomes progressively cloudy and causes decreased vision?cataracts
Define diplopia:seeing 2 images which is knows as double vision