MB C15 Quiz

lrickson's version from 2016-11-21 18:23


MLab Quiz 15


Question Answer
1. The study of factors and mechanisms of disease frequency and spread within a population is calledepidemiology
2. The relative number of individuals affected by a particular disease during a set period of time within a given population is calledmorbidity
3. An infectious disease that occurs in a random and unpredictable mannersporadic
4. An epidemiologist that studies the number of cases of a disease, those segments of the population affected by a disease and the locations and time periods of a disease deals with what type of epidemiologydescriptive
5. The total number of people infected within a population at a given time is theprevalence


Question Answer
6. An epidemiological study that tests a hypothesis is referred to as what type of studyexperimental
7. A non-medicinal substance that has no effect on an individual, but the individual believes is a real treatment is known as aplacebo
8. Factors that increase the likelihood of an epidemic include all of the following exceptaccess to medical care
9. An index caserefers to the first case of an infectious disease outbreak to be identified
10. A site where microorganisms can persist and thus maintain the ability to cause infectionreservoir


Question Answer
11. An infectious disease in which transmission can occur during the incubation period of disease is considered to becommunicable
12. All of the following infectious diseases can occur in the fetus when the causative agents cross the placenta exceptpneumonia
13. Waterborne transmission of pathogens involving water contaminated by raw sewage is an example of what mode of transmissionindirect fecal-oral
14. Sexually transmitted diseases are most often spread by what mode of transmissiondirect contact
15. In herd immunity, typically 90% of the population is __________ while 10 % is __________ to an infectious diseaseimmune, susceptible


Question Answer
16. Which of the following organizations sets the standards for international disease controlWHO
17. A retrospective analytical studymay determine which factors are causal after the epidemic occurs
18. Reservoirs of infections includehumans, non-human vertebrate animals, water and soil
19. Fomites arenonliving objects
20. Herd immunityis greatly increased with a large-scale immunization program


Question Answer
21. An infection acquired in the hospital or other medical facility is callednosocomial
22. An opportunistic infection acquired from the individual's own microbiota isendogenous