Mat Med - Dissolve Phlegm and Relieve Cough

chantalinha's version from 2017-08-27 20:31


Question Answer
BanXia (pinelliae rhizoma)#1st herb for all kinds of phlegm, more for something b/w phlem-dampness. B/c it's warm, better for cold-phlegm. Also #1st herb to stop vomiting/nausea, even more than sheng jiang! Very drying herb, dries phlegm, condenses it. Damage BF/Yin (in 2nd step you need to moisten LU). Prepared as JIANG (w/ sheng jiang), it's used for vomiting. Prepared as FA1 (other herbs), it's used for phlegm. Also good for phlegm in channels - acrid, warm, toxic/LU+SP+ST - a) Dries dampness, transforms phlegm, and causes rebellious qi to descend: for cough with copious sputum, as in cold- phlegm in the Lungs. Especially effective for transforming phlegm due to dampness of the Spleen; b) Directs rebellious qi downward and stops vomiting: for nausea and vomiting due to many causes including cold, thin mucus, Stomach deficiency, Stomach heat, or pregnancy;
XuanFuHua (Inula Flower)not as popular as BanXia, though stronger for rebellious qi than BanXia (but not 1st choice for vomiting). #1st of few herbs for hiccups. Not so much used for phlegm. Recently being used for ST tumors. Treats more of branch, not root. - bitter, acrid, salty, slightly warm / LIV+LU+ST+SP - a) Reduces phlegm and promotes the dissipation of patho- genic water: for phlegm and fluids clogging up the Lungs or problems due to accumulation of phlegm and thin mucus. While most appropriate for cold disorders, when combined with the proper herbs it can also be used for hot disorders; b) Redirects the qi downward and stops vomiting: for vomiting, hiccough (??), and belching;
ChuanBeiMu (Sichuan fritillaria bulb)#1 for dry-type of cough w/ sticky phlegm, but not so good for phlegm-heat (weaker than JieGeng). It lubricates LU, stops cough- bitter, sweet, slightly cold / HT + LU - a) Clears heat and transforms phlegm: for many types of cough, chiefly chronic cough, cough with signs of fire due to yin deficiency, cough with slight sputum that is difficult to expectorate, or cough with blood-streaked sputum. It is most effective in treating cough accompanied by con- strained qi, manifested in a reduced appetite and a stifling sensation in the chest and upper abdomen; b) Clears heat and dissipates nodules: for disorders in which phlegm-fire collects and produces nodules, sores, swell- ings, scrofula, and Lung or breast abscess.
ZheBeiMu (Thunberg fritillaria bulb)#1 for scrofula w/ phlegm-heat type. If there's no heat, use BanXia instead. Colder (stronger) than its sister, and not sweet. So more aggressive - bitter, cold / HT + LU - a) Clears and transforms phlegm-heat: for acute Lung heat patterns with productive cough; b) Clears heat and dissipates nodules: for phlegm-fire which congeals and causes neck swellings. Also important for Lung and breast abscess and swellings.
GuaLou (Trichosanthis Fructus)A herb for for KuanXiong = wide chest, it untights chest, it's in b/w moving and bringing down, not for chronic phlegm, good for phlegm-heat (its skin is good for Qi, not so much for phlegm) - sweet, cold / LI + LU + ST - a) Clears heat and transforms phlegm-heat: for heat-induced coughs with sputum that is thick and difficult to expectorate. Can be used as a stand-alone herb, especially in children; b) Unbinds the chest and dissipates nodules: for conditions in which qi accumulates in the chest leading to a stifling or distended sensation, constriction, pain, or pressure in the diaphragm; c) Reduces abscesses and dissipates nodules: primarily for abscesses involving the Lungs, Intestines, or breast.
JieCheng (Balloon Flower Root)elevator! Guiding herb for UJ (Niu Xi is guiding for below, ChaiHu for LIV). #Major for cough w/ profuse phlegm (just ban xia might take time). #Major for regulating water passages. #Major for removing pus. #Major for sore throat. Often combined w/ XingRen - bitter, acrid, neutral / LU - a) Opens up and disseminates the Lung qi, dispels phlegm, and benefits the throat: for cough or wheezingwith profuse sputum, throat pain,'and loss of voice. Can be used for cough with profuse sputum from either cold or heat; b) Pushes out pus: for expelling pus associated with Lung abscess or throat abscess. The traditional disease of Lung abscess is marked by fevers, chest pain, coughing of yellow sputum with a fishy smell, along with coughing up of blood and pus; c) Opens up and raises the Lung qi while also directing the actions of other herbs to the upper regions of the body: used not only to reinforce the actions of other herbs that clear and drain the upper burner, but also whenever the actions of a formula should be focused on the upper regions of the body;
ZhuRu (Bamboo Shavings)#only herb that stops vomit d/t heat (dry vomit w/ heat signs)! Good for chronic conditions. Similar to gua lou/chuan bei mu, for yellow/thick heat-phlegm in LU, but not for pus - sweet, slightly cold / LU + ST + GB - a) Clears and transforms phlegm-heat: for heat in the Lungs with viscous sputum, stifling sensation in the chest, or coughing up blood. Also for Gallbladder fire harboring phlegm and phlegm-heat; b) Clears heat and stops vomiting: for vomiting of bitter or sour matter due to heat in the Stomach with bad breath, aversion to heat, and a yellow, greasy tongue. The Stomach heat can be due to either excess or deficiency. This herb is very effective at stopping vomiting and can be used, with other appropriate herbs, in treating other types of vomiting including that associated with morning sickness;
QianHu (Before Barbarians)simple herb, treats epi + phlegm. Never a chief herb in formulas. Good for mild conditions. - bitter, acrid, slightly cold / LU - a) Directs qi downward and dispels phlegm: for cough or wheezing with thick sputum due to turbid clogging of the Lungs; b) Disperses and scatters wind-heat: for the exterior pat- terns of externally-contracted wind-heat with headache and cough. Most suitable when wind-heat constrains the Lungs;
XingRen (Apricot Seed)being a seed, moistens LI but not LU! Good to treat dry cough (not phlegm) b/c it descends (not b/c it treats dryness. ChuanBeiMu treats this root, b/c it moistens). It does the descending fnct of LU, (suppresses respiration in CNS) - bitter, slightly warm, slightly toxic / LU + LI - a) Stops cough and calms wheezing: used quite broadly for many lzinds of cough disorders caused by either heat or cold, depending on the combination. Because the herb is moist in nature, it is especially useful for externally-con- tracted dry cough; b) Moistens the Intestines and unblocks the bowels: this sec- ondary use of the herb derives from its high oil content.
SuZi (Perilla Fruit)used to treat cough w/ phlegm, but not big amount of phlegm, it's very gentle. - acrid, warm / LU + LI - a) Stops cough and calms wheezing, redirects the qi downward, and dissolves phlegm: for cough and wheezing with copious phlegm. Especially useful when exhalation is more labored than inhalation and there is a stifling sensation in the chest; b) Moistens the Intestines and unblocks stool: for constipa- tion due to dry Intestines.
SangBaiPi (Mulberry Root Bark)good for TanShi (something in b/w phlegm-dampness). Has a special descending action, promotes descending of edema/water retention. Also treats cough and phlegm-heat. It's a strong herb, often combined w/ HuangQin (not as strong as it though). One of few herbs to treat Yang type of edema (MaHuang is #1). - sweet, cold / LU - a) Drains heat from the Lungs, stops coughs, and calms wheezing: for cough and wheezing due to Lung heat; b) Promotes urination and reduces edema: used in disorders where Lung heat obstructs the downward movement of Lung qi, preventing water from moving and cutting off per- spiration. This manifests as floating edema, facial edema, swelling of the extremities, fever and thirst, urinary diffi- culty, and a floating pulse; c) Also recently used for hypertension.
BaiQian (White Before)gentle, less side/therapeutic effects - Good to be used w/ deficient patients, elderly/children. Good for chronic coughs - acrid, sweet, slightly warm / LU - a) Redirects the qi downward, dispels phlegm, and stops cough: for cough with copious sputum and gurgling in the throat. This is a very important herb for Lung qi blockage and stagnation. It is used for disorders of excess with copi- ous sputum that is difficult to expectorate, as well as wheez- ing. Although slightlywarm, it is not drying;
BaiBu (Stemona Root)moistens LU, stops cough, good for phlegm, expels parasites (topically) - sweet, bitter, slightly warm - LU / a) Moistens the Lungs and stops cough: for both acute and chronic cough. Especially useful for cough from deficiency, including yin deficiency; b) Expels parasites and kills lice: apply topically as either a tincture or a decoction for head or body lice or fleas. Also used as a wash for bacterial vaginosis and as a nightly retained enema for pinworm.
ZiWan (Aster Root)stronger than other support herbs, but still weak compared to XingRen. Treats cough. Gentle, can be used in chronic conditions - acrid, bitter, slightly warm - LU / a) Relieves coughs and expels phlegm: an important herb in stopping coughs of various etiologies including wind-cold, wind-heat, Lung deficiency, and consumption;
KuanDongHuavery similar to ZiWan, maybe stronger. But still gentle - acrid, warm / LU - a) Moistens the Lungs, directs qi downward, stops coughs, and transforms phlegm: commonly used for cough and wheezing from many different etiologies;
PiPaYe (Loquat Leaf)Helps other herbs in treating phlegm and cough, it's neutral - bitter, neutral / LU+ST / a) Transforms phlegm, clears Lung heat, and redirects Lung qi downward: for Lung heat or Lung dryness patterns with cough and wheezing; b) Harmonizes the Stomach, clears Stomach heat, and redi- rects Stomach qi downward: for nausea, vomiting, hic- cough, and belching due to Stomach heat
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