Maltreatment Effects

wimolafa's version from 2018-04-05 06:22


Possible Effects of Maltreatment on Developmental Milestones


Question Answer
Chronic malnutrition, growth retardation, brain damage, mental retardation, head injury and shaking, skull fracture, paralysis, coma, death, blindness, deafness, internal organ injuries, chronic illness from medical neglect, delays in gross and fine motor skills, poor muscle tone, language and speech delays; may not use language to communicate, insecure or disorganized attachment: overly clingy, lack of discrimination of significant people, can't use parent as source of comfort, passive, withdrawn, apathetic, unresponsive to other, frozen watchfulness, fearful, anxious, depressed, feel they are "bad", immature play - cannot be involved in reciprocal, interactive playInfant and Toddler Maltreatment
Poor muscle tone, motor coordination, poor pronunciation, incomplete sentences, cognitive delays; inability to concentrate, cannot play cooperatively; lack curiosity, absent imaginative and fantasy play, social immaturity: unable to share or negotiate with peers; overly bossy, aggressive, competitive, attachment problems: overly clingy, superficial attachments, show little distress or over-react when separated from caregiver, underweight from undernourishment; small stature, excessively fearful, anxious, night terrors, reminders of traumatic experience may trigger severe anxiety, aggression, preoccupation, lack impulse control, little ability to delay gratification, exaggerated response (tantrums, aggression) to even mild stressors, poor self esteem, confidence; absence of initiative, blame self for abuse, placement, physical injuries; sickly, untreated illnesses, eneuresis, encopresis, self-stimulating behavior, rocking, head-bangingPreschool Maltreatment
Poor social/academic adjustment in school: preoccupied, easily frustrated, emotional outbursts, difficulty concentrating, can be overly reliant on teachers; academic challenges are threatening, cause anxiety, little impulse control, immediate gratification, inadequate coping skills, anxiety, easily frustrated, may feel out of control, extremes of emotions, emotional numbing; older children may "self-medicate" to avoid negative emotions, act out frustration, anger, anxiety with hitting, fighting, lying, stealing, breaking objects, verbal outbursts, swearing, extreme reaction to perceived danger, may be mistrustful of adults, or overly solicitous, manipulative, may speak in unrealistically glowing terms about his parents, difficulties in peer relationships; feel inadequate around peers; over-controlling, unable to initiate, participate in, or complete activities, give up quickly, attachment problems: may not be able to trust, tests commitment of foster and adoptive parent with negative behaviors, role reversal to please parents, and take care of parent and younger siblings, emotional disturbances: depression, anxiety, post traumatic stress disorder, attachment problems, conduct disordersSchool-Aged Maltreatment
Identity confusion: inability to trust in self to be a healthy adult; expect to fail; may appear immobilized and without direction, poor self-esteem: pervasive feelings of guilt, self-criticism, overly rigid expectations for self, inadequacy, may overcompensate for negative self-esteem by being narcissistic, unrealistically self-complimentary; grandiose expectations for self, may engage in self-defeating, testing, and aggressive, antisocial, or impulsive behavior; may withdraw, lack capacity to manage intense emotions; may be excessively labile, with frequent and violent mood swings, may be unable to form or maintain satisfactory relationships with peers, emotional disturbances: depression, anxiety, post traumatic stress disorder, attachment problems, conduct disordersAdolescent Maltreatment