Lymphatic and Immune System

klarson's version from 2016-02-03 20:28

Section 1

Question Answer
adaptive immunityability to recognize and remember specific antigens and mount an attack on them
adenoidsmass of lymphatic tissue inn the nasopharynx
antibodyprotein produced by B cells to destroy antigens
antigensubtance that the body recognizes as foreign, and evokes an immune response
axillary nodeslymph nodes in the armpit
B Cell ( B lymphocyte)Lymmphocyte that matures into a plasma cell to secrete antibodies
Cell-Mediated immunityT Cells that resond to antigens and destroy them; type of adaptive immunity
cervical nodeslymph nodes in the neck region
complement systemproteins int he blood that help antibodies kill their target
cytokinesproteins secreted by cytotoxic T cells ot aid in antigen destruction
Cytotoxic T cell lymphocyte that directly kills antigens
dendritic cell antigen-presenting cell
helper T celllymphocyte that aids B cells and stimulates T cells
humoral immunityB cells produce antibodies after exposure to specific antigens; type of adaptice immunity
immunitybodys ability to resist foreign organisms and toxins that damage tissue and organs
immunoglobulinsantibodies such as IgA, IgE, IgG, IgM and IgD
immunotherapyuse of immune cells, antibodies, or vaccines to treat / prevent diseases
inguinal nodeslymph nodes in groin region
interferonsproteins secreteed by T cells and other cells to aid and regulate the immune response
interleukinsproteins (cytokines) that stimulate growth of B and T lymphocytes
interstitial fluidfluid in the spaces between cells

Section 2

Question Answer
lymphthin, watery fluid found within lymphatic cessels and collected from tissues throughout the body
lymph capillariestiniest lymphatic vessels
macrophagelarge phagocyte found in lymph nodes and other tissues of the body
mediastinal nodes lymph nodes in the area between the lungs in the thoracic cavity
mesenteric nodeslymph nodes in the mesentery (intestinal region)
monoclonal antibodyantibody produced in a laboratory to attack antigens and to destroy cells
natural immunityprotection that an individual is born with to fight infection such as WBC,
paraaortic nodeslymph nodes near the aorta int eh lumbar area of the body
plasma cell lymphocyte that secrets antibodies
right lymphatic ductlymphatic vessel in the chest that drains lymph from upper right part of body
spleenorgan in the upper left quadrant of the abdoment hat destroys worn out RBCs
suppressor T cell lymphocyte that inhibits the activity of B and T cells
T Cell (T lymphocyte)lymphocyte that acts directly on antigens to destroy them or produce chemicals which are toxic to antigens
tolderance the ability of T lymphoctes to recognize and accept the body's own antigens as friendly
thoracic ductlarge lymphatic vessel that drains lymph from lower and left side of the body
thymus glandlymphoid organ in the mediastinum that conditions T cells to react to foreign cells and aids in immune response
tonsilsmasses of lymphatic tissue in back of oropharynx
vaccinationexposure to a foreign protein that provokes immune response
vaccineweakened or killed microogainism, toxin, induce immunity to infection/disease

Section 3

Question Answer
lymphaden/olymph node
thym/othymus gland
tox/o poison
ana-again, anew
inter- between