Lung Treatments

alexaswailes's version from 2015-04-14 22:15


Question Answer
Asthmabronchodilators prior to exercise or exposure to cold; decrease activity if environmental conditions are unfavorable
Bronchitisbronchopulmonary hygiene, position of relaxations, paced breathing, endurance exercise
Cystic Fibrosispercussion, vibration, shaking, and postural drainage; suction in severe cases, endurance exercise
Emphysemapursed lip breathing during expiration, endurance exercise
Flail chestgentle breathing exercise, splinting, pain management, positioning
Pneumothoraxchest tube; no chest PT in area of tube
tuberculosismedications to eliminate infection, isolation reduces risk of spread
pulmonary edemamedication, including oxygen and diuretics; reduction of salt intake; head elevation
pulmonary emboluschest PT contraindicated
stimulate coughpressure on trachea above sternal notch
forced expiratory techniqueone or two forced expirations with relatively low lung volumes
huffingsimilar to cough, with open glottis; quick exhalations occur after maximal inspiration
assisted coughingsimilar to Heimlich maneuver
percussioncupped hands rhythmically applied to thorax
percussion contraindicationsrib fracture, costochondritis, hemoptysis, coagulation disorders, dysrhythmias, pain, severe dyspnea, pneumothorax, increased bronchospasm
percussion duration3-5 minutes
shakingfollows inspiration with bouncing of ribcage
shaking/vibration duration5-10 deep inhalations; more than 10 risks hyperventilation
vibrationperformed with isometric co-contraction of arms applied to thorax; used in conjunction with shaking, percussion, and postural drainage positioning
increase expiratory forcetrain inspiratory muscles using resistance during inspiration with device or manually
improve gas exchange and increase lung volumeuse diaphragmatic breathing, segmental breathing, and maximal inspiration effort
decrease dyspnea, increased efficiencypursed-lip breathing, pacing of breathing with activity or exercise; diaphragmatic breathing