Lower Limb Anatomy

pituheya's version from 2017-10-30 13:17

Section 1

Question Answer
Gluteal region compartments (2)superficial, deep
thigh compartments (3)anterior, medial, posterior
leg compartments (4)anterior, leteral, superficial posterior, deep posterior
function of gluteal region (4)hip abduction, medial rotation, lateral rotation, extension
function of anterior thighhip flexion, knee extension
function of medial thighhip adduction
function of posterior thighhip extension, knee flexion
medial leg bonetibia
lateral leg bonefibula
function of anterior legfoot dorsiflexion, digit extension
function of lateral legfoot eversion
function of superficial posterior legplantar flexion
function of deep posterior legdigit flexion

Section 2

Question Answer
muscles of superficial gluteal region (3)gluteus maximus, medius, minimus
muscles of deep gluteal region (5)piriformis, superior gemelli, obdurator internus, inferior gemelli, quadratus femoris
muscles of anterior thigh (7)iliopsoas, tensor fascia lata, sartorius, rectus femoris, vastus intermedius, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis
muscles of medial thigh (6)pecctineus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus (adductor part), gracilis, obdurator externus
muscles of posterior thigh (4)semitendinosus, semimembranosis, biceps femoris (long head, short head), adductor magnus (hamsting part)
Quadriceps muscles (4)rectus femorus, vastus lateralis, medialis, intermedius
hamsting muscles (3)semitendonosis, semimembranosis, biceps femoris (long head, short head)
muscles of anterior leg (4)tibialis anterior, extensor hallicus longus, extensor digitorum longus, peroneus tertius
muscles of lateral leg (2)peroneus longus, peronius brevis
muscles of superficial posterior leg (3)grastrocnemius, soleus, plantaris
muscles of deep posterior leg (4)popliteus, flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus, tibialis posterior

Section 3

Question Answer
medial rotators of thigh at hip (3)gluteus medius, minimus, tensor fascia lata
lateral rotaters of thigh at hip (7)piriformis, obdurator internus, superior and inferior gemelli, quadratus femoris, gluteus maximus, obdurator externus
extensors of thigh at hip (4)gluteus maximus and hamstrings (biceps femoris, semitendonosus, semimembranosus, hamstring part of adductor magnus))
flexors of hip (4)iliopsoas, sartorius, tensor fascia lata, rectus femoris
extensors of the hip (5)gluteus maximus, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, biceps femoris long head, adductor magnus
primary abductors of the hip (2)gluteus medius, gluteus minimus
adductors of the hip (5)adductor magnus, longus, brevis, pectineus, gracilis
medial rotators of hip (3)tensor fascia lata, gluteus medius, gluteus minimus
lateral rotators of hip (5)obdurator internus, superior and inferior gemelli, obdurator externus, quardratus femoris
extensors of the knee (4)Quadriceps femoris (rectus femoris, vastus medialis, lateralis, intermedius)
flexors of the knee (8)gracilis, hamstrings (semitendonosus, semimembranosus, biceps femoris), sartorius, popliteus, gastrocnemius, plantaris
medial rotation of tibia of femur (5)popliteus, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, sartorius, gracilis
lateral rotation of tibia on femus (1)biceps femoris
foot dorsiflexion (4)tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus, estensor digitorum longus, peroneus tertius
foot inversion (2)tibialis anterior, tibialis posterior
digit extension (2)extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum longus
foot plantar flexion (6)gastrocnemius, plantaris, soleus, tibialis posterior, flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus
knee unlocking (1)popliteus
digit flexion (2)flexor hallicus longus, flexor digitorum longus
foot eversion (2)peronius longus, peronius brevis

Section 4

Question Answer
major collateral nerves of lumbrosacral plexus (7)lateral femoral cutaneous (L2, 3), superior gluteal (L4-S1), inferior gluteal (L5-S2), Nerve to piriformis (S1, S2), nerve to obdurator internus (L5-S2), nerve to quadratus femoris (L4-S1), posterior femoral cutaneous (S1-S3)
terminal nerves of lumbrosacral plexus (4)femoral (L2-L4), obdurator (L2-L4), tibial (L4-S3), common fibular (L4-S2)
major arteries of lower limb (13)superior gluteal, inferior gluteal, obdurator, deep femoral, medial femoral circumflex, lateral femoral circumflex, perforating, genicular, anterior tibial, posterior tibial, fibuar, medial plantar, lateral plantar
blood supply of gluteal region (2)superior and inferior gluteal arteries (branches of internal iliac)
blood supply to hip (4)cruciate anastomosis: medial and lateral circumflex femoral artery (medial is primary), first perforating artery, inferior gluteal artery
blood supply to knee (1)genicular branches of popliteal artery
blood supply to ankle and sole of foot (3)medial and lateral plantar arteries (branches of posterior tibial artery); dorsalis pedis (dorsum of foot)

Section 5

Question Answer
gluteus maximus innervationinferior gluteal
gluteus medius, minimus innervationsuperior gluteal
priformis innervationnerve to piriformis
obdturator interus, superior gemellusnerve to obturator internus
inferior gemellus, quadratus femorisnerve to quadratus femoris
posas major innervationventral rami of L2, L3
iliacus innervationfemoral
tensor fascia lata innervationsuperior gluteal
sartorius innervationfemoral
rectus femoris innervationfemoral
vastus intermedius, medialis, lateralis innervationfemoral
pectineus innervationfemoral/obturator
adductor longus, brevis innervationobturator
adductor magnus innervationadductor part: obturator, hamstring part: tibial
gracilis innervationobturator
obturator externus innervationobturator
semitendinosus, semimembranosus innervationtibial
biceps femoris, long head innervationtibial
biceps femoris, short head innervationcommon fibular
anterior leg compartment innervationdeep fibular
peroneus longus, brevis innervationsuperficial fibular
superficial posterior leg innervationtibial
deep posterior leg innervationtibial

Section 6

Question Answer
extracapsular ligaments of hip jointiliofemoral, ischiofemoral, pubofemoral
extracapsular ligaments of the kneepatellar, lateral (fubular) collateral, medial (tibial) collateral, obliqe popliteal
intracapsular ligaments of the kneemedial meniscus, lateral meniscus, anterior cruciate, posterior cruciate
ankle and foot ligamentsmedial collateral (deltiod), lateral collateral, plantar calcaneonavicular (spring), long plantar