Logical Fallacies

cixowuho's version from 2017-02-03 10:47


Question Answer
The personal attack. Ex: I wouldn't listen to that guy's financial advice: he smells disgusting!Ad Hominem
Ex: Discrimination against skateboarders is just as unfair as discrimination against persons of color.False analogy
Black and white reasoning. Ex: Either you pay me the ten bucks you owe me, or I'll have to declare bankruptcy.False dilemma
Ex: Britney Spears has observed that Einsteins relativity theory is flawed.Appeal to authority
It happened after; therefore it must have happened because of. Ex: Yesterday, Alejandro made it rain. he washed his car before he left for work.false cause
Forming a hypothesis from insufficient evidence. Ex: She's wearing stiletto heels and a tight red dress-what a slut!Hasty Generalization
Ex: Teens who experiment with marijuana are sure to be using hard drugs before long.Slippery Slope
Setting up a false opposition argument for the purposes of knocking it down. Ex: People for the ethical treatment of animals and other animal rights groups protest the use of laboratory animals in medical research. They don't care if we ever find cures for AIDS or cancer!Straw Man
The belief is true because everyone accepts it. Ex:everyone hates trump, so I hate him tooBandwagon
Offering no real support, sometimes simply restating the conclusion as a premise. Ex: I love America because I'm patriotic.Begging the Question