cevihoku's version from 2016-11-02 17:11
|The personal attack. Ex: I wouldn't listen to that guy's financial advice: he smells disgusting!||Ad Hominem|
|criticizing a persons motivation for offering an argument rather than examining the argument itself.|
ex: "you just want to do it that way because its more work for me and less work for you"
|Attacking the motive|
|when you reject someones argument because they don't practice what they preach|
ex: your parents tell you to quit smoking when they smoke themselves
|Look who's talking|
|when one attempts to justify a wrongful act by citing another wrongful act|
ex: if your spouse has an affair it is okay for you to have an affair
|two wrongs make a right|
|prey upon audiences fears|
ex: the way the media views isis and plane crashes
|The attempt to distract from the truth of the conclusion by the use of pity||Appeal to pity|
|the popularity of an idea has absolutely no bearing on its validity|
ex: it used to be commonly known that earth was flat, but earth is not flat...
|take argument and distort it to make it easier to attack|
ex: "I am a Feminist" - oh so you hate men?
|arguer tries to sidetrack audience by changing the subject. then claims that the original issue has been settled by the irrelevance||Red Herring|
|a circular argument in which the conclusion is included in the premise|
ex: "Obama is a Fascist because he is a Fascist"
|circular reasoning or begging the question|
|when the authority we use to support the premise in an argument is unreliable|
ex: what ever Oprah says is right
|Inappropriate appeal to authority|
|have a lack of evidence / no evidence and we use that to make our conclusion|
ex: "Evolution explains where we came from"
|Appeal to ignorance|
|Reduce an argument to two possibilities and there are no other alternatives|
ex: Bush: "whether you are with us or with the terrorists
|Asking a question that has an assumption built into it so that it can't be answered without appearing guilty|
ex: "bob, when did you start cheating on your taxes?"
|Presuming that because two events occur together, or one follows the other closely in time that one caused the other to occur|
ex: a Volcano erupts after an earthquake
|Using small numbers to represent the whole|
ex: the whole schools sucks because of one bad teacher
|Asserting that if we allow A to happen, then Z will consequently happen too, therefore A should not happen||Slippery slope|
|comparing things that aren't comparable|
Ex: Criminals and Gun owners
|Weak and appropriate analogy|
|Premises contradict each other||Inconsistency|