Literary Devices

helpme's version from 2015-10-14 03:26

Section 1

Question Answer
HyperboleObvious exaggeration
MetaphorComparison without like or as
Metonomykind of like euphemism, but instead just about rephrasing a thing to non literal figurative language.
OxymoronContrasting ideas, only exists if it is significant.
PersonificationGiving inanimate objects human qualities
SynecdocheSubstituting something with something else, kind of like metonomy, but with existing figurative phrases.
UnderstatementDiminishing the meaning of something to lighten the mood
Anti-climaxTruly the best thing ever, when something starts out heroic but suddenly ends in mediocrity.
AntithesisOpposing ideas, kind of like oxymoron. anti=opposing thesis=idea. Parallelism.

Section 2

Question Answer
AsyndetonUsing fewer conjunctions than grammatically correct
ClimaxWhen ideas are listed with increasing importance and significance.
Enjambmentnot using a period or punctuation and continuing onto the next line. Usually in poetry. continues the style onto the next line
hyperbatoninverting the word orders
hypophoraraising a question and then answering it
polysyndetonpoly = many. using more than necessary number of conjunctions
Rhetorical questionasking a question with an obvious answer or no answer. used for effect

Section 3

Question Answer
Alliterationplease put peter's peppers on pumice
anadiplosisrepeating the last word of a line on the first word of the next line. please help. help me.
anaphorarepeating the same first word in multiply succeeding lines. help him. help her. help me.
assonancerepetition of consonance?? will probably not be used b/c will not ever find
consonanceeye rhymes. looks like it rhymes but no
epanalepsisrepeating the same word at the start and end of a sentence. help the student that needs help.
epistropherepeating the same word in multiple succeeding lines but at the end. he needs help, she needs help.
epizeuxisrepeating 2 of same words without anything in between. madness, madness!
polyptotonrepeating the same words but slightly different form. he is dying, like we are ded.