Lit devices

charlotteamannt's version from 2018-11-11 18:50

Section 1

Question Answer
Personificationliterary technique in which human attributes are given to non-human things
Proseform of language that has no formal metrical structure, anything which is not poetry
Prosaic(adjective) mundane, ordanary
Allegorystory or narrative, often told at some length, which has a deeper meaning below the surface
Alliterationrep of sounds: vowels, consonants or s,sh sounds
Allusion figure of speech whereby author refers to a subject matter such as a place, event, or literary work by way of a passing reference
Ambiguitywords, phrases or whole texts which have several or unclear meanings
Expositionintroduces background info about events, settings, characters, or other elements of a work to audience or readers.
Rising action background circumstances that together create turns and twists leading to a climax.
Climaxturning point in a literary work
Falling actionresults or effects of the climax of a literary work
Resolution/denouementresolution of the issue of a complicated plot at the end of a literary work
Ambivalencesimultaneous and contradictory attitudes or feelings toward an object, person, or action
Antagonistopposing force that brings conflict and is instrumental in development of protagonist
Asidedramatic device in which a character makes a short speech intended for the audience but not heard by the other characters on stage
Assonancerepetition of vowel sounds
Atmosphere mood writer conveys to reader through description of setting and objects.
BawdyDealing with sexual matters in a comical way
Catharsispurging of emotions which takes place at end of a tragedy, making audience feel that order has been restored
Clichéexpression that has been overused to the extent that it loses its original meaning or novelty
Colloquialordinary, everyday speech and language, familiar register
Characterizationmanner in which an author develops characters and their personalities

Section 2

Question Answer
Conflictstruggle between two or more opposing forces
Connotationsuggestion or implication evoked by a word
ConsonanceRepetition of consonants
Didactic type of literature that is written to inform or instruct reader, especially in moral or political lessons
Dialoguedirect speech between two characters
Dictionvocabulary chosen by a writer
Enjambmentcontinuing of a line of poetry from one line into the following line without a pause
Foreshadowinghinting at what is to come in a literary work
Farceplay that aims to entertain the audience through absurd and ridiculous characters and action
Figurative languageany figure of speech which depends on a non-literal meaning of some or all of the words used (metaphore, simile, personification)
Flashbackmethod of returning to an earlier point in a narrative
Genrecategory to which a literary work belongsprose, poetry, and drama are all genres.
Hyperbolehuge exaggeration or overstatement to emphasize meaning
Iambic pentameterline of poetry made up of 10 syllables with alternating light or heavy beats, meter of much of Shakespeare's work
Imagerywriting that creates a picture in the mind, appeals to 5 senses
Dramatic irony audience knows something that the characters do not
Verbal ironysaying one thing but meaning the opposite
Situational ironywhen there is a disparity between what is expected and what actually occurs
Metaphorcomparison between dissimilar object without using like or as
Meterrhythm of a line of poetry
Monologue speech given by a single character in order to express his thoughts and ideas aloud. Often speaks directly to audience, or to another character
Motifrecurring feature of a literary work ; a dominant theme, subject, or idea which runs through a piece of literature
Onomatopoeiawords which describe sounds and also sound like what they're describing
Oxymoronphrase that consists of two words that are contradictory
Paradox juxtaposition of a set of seemingly contradictory concepts that reveal a hidden and/or unexpected truth

Section 3

Question Answer
Parodystyle of an author or work is imitated and either matched to a trivial subject or exaggerated for comic purposes
Pastoralconcerning rural life with idealized, romanticized settings and rustic characters
Pathoseffect in literature which makes the reader feel sadness or pity
Plotstructure/sequence of events in a story or a play
Point of viewmode of narration that an author employs to let readers hear/see what takes place in a work
Protagonistmain character of a work
Rhymerepetition of same or similar sounds in 2 or more words
Rhyme schemepattern of rhyme within a poem
Satirework attacks or criticises human failings or foulishness within society by ridiculizing them
Settingtime and place in which a literary work takes place
Similecomparison of dissimilar objects using like or as
Soliloquyspeech of a character used to reveal the innermost thoughts of the character
Speakervoice in a work
Stanza group of lines forming a unit in a poem
Stereotypeany commonly known public belief about a certain social group or a type of individual
Suspensetechnique that keeps the reader guessing what will happen next
Symbolismusing an object to represent an abstract idea
Syntaxway in which sentences are structured
Themeunderlying main idea of a literary work
Toneattitude of a writer toward the subject of a work, combined effects of a number of features, such as diction, syntax, rhythm, etc
UnderstatementSaying less than one means, in order to make an impression
Omniscient narratorwho is not a character but is like God: knowing and seeing everything.

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