Lesson 4, 5, 6 RAW

baejuhyeoned's version from 2017-03-05 07:36

LESSON 4: Hypertext and Intertext

Question Answer
Contextdefined as the social, cultural, political, historical, and other related circumstances that surround the text and form the text from which it can be better understood and evaluated.
ContextKnowledge of the text context helps in appreciating the text’s message more deeply.
(1) When was the work written?, (2) What were the circumstances that produced it?, (3) What issues does it deal with?In discovering a reading’s context, you may ask questions like:
Intertextuality/Intertextis the modeling of a text’s meaning by another text
Intertextuality/Intertextdefined as the connections between language, images, characters, themes, or subjects depending on their similarities in language, genre or discourse.
Intertextuality/IntertextThis is seen when an author borrows or cites an idea from another text and transforms a prior text , or when you read one text and you reference another.
HypertextNonlinear way of showing information
HypertextConnects topics on the screen to related information, graphics, videos, and music- information is not simply related to text.
HypertextThis information appears as links and is usually accessed by clicking.
HypertextIt is text on a computer screen or other electronic devices with reference (hyperlink) to other texts which the reader can immediately access.

LESSON 5: Assertions and its Type

Question Answer
AssertionsDeclarative sentences that claim something is true about something else
AssertionsSimply put, it is a sentence that is either true or false
AssertionsIn expository writing, ________ become the primary channel for a reader to assent to a claim.
(1) FACT, (2) CONVENTION, (3) OPINION, (4) PREFERENCE4 Types of Assertions
FACTstatement that can be proven objectively by direct experience, testimonies of witnesses, verified observations, or the results of research
CONVENTIONa way in which something is done, similar to traditions and norms.
CONVENTIONdepend on historical precedent, laws, rules, usage, and customs.
CONVENTIONCannot be verified objectively by measurements
CONVENTIONtruthfulness is verified by how commonly held definitions and beliefs are interpreted
CONVENTIONMay sound factual due to their being derived from customs, but because they are socially accepted ways of doing things
OPINIONbased on facts, but are difficult to objectively verify because of the uncertainty of producing satisfactory proofs of soundness
PREFERENCEbased on personal choice; therefore they are subjective and cannot be objectively proven or logically attacked.

LESSON 6: Argumentative Claims and Textual Evidences

Question Answer
Argumentative ClaimsAims to secure the agreement of his listeners.
Argumentative Claimsspeaker uses arguments, proofs, evidence, facts and statistics
Argumentative Claimsobjective is to win the audience to his side by sheer force of logic and sound reasoning
Arguingprocess of proving a proposition with reasons and evidence
(1) Claims, (2) Data/Evidences, (3) Reasoning processEssentials of Arguments
(1) Ethos, (2) Pathos, (3) LogosAristotle’s 3 Ways of Reasoning Process
Ethospertains to how the writer used character/expert testimony to state something
EthosPersuasive appeal of one’s character.
EthosTells us that the author is reliable and competent
PathosAppeal to emotion
Pathosmeant to evoke emotional response
LogosAppeal to reason
Logosevokes a rational response
Evidencedefined as the details given by the author to support his/her claim.
Evidencereveals and builds on the position of the writer and makes the reading more interesting
Evidencevery crucial in swaying the reader to your side
(1)Unified, (2) Relevant to the central point, (3) Specific and concrete, (4) Accurate, (5) Representative or typical5 Characteristics of good evidence
(1) Relevance, (2) Representative or Typicality, (3) Sufficient, (4) Accuracy4 Criteria in Evaluating Evidences
Relevanceevidence should support the essay’s thesis or claim
Relevancecoherence and interrelatedness of ideas should be present
Representative or Typicality evidence should represent the full range of opinions about the subject and not just one side or the other
Representative or Typicality balanced and convincing discussion
Sufficientthere should be enough evidence to support the claim
Sufficientdepends upon the length of your paper, audience and nature of your thesis
Accuracydata shouldn’t be used unless it is accurate and up-to-date
(1) Factual, (2) Authoritative (expert testimony), (3) Personal/Anecdotal (calling upon your first-hand experience), (4) Statistical (graphs, surveys) Different Kinds of Evidences