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Leg, Ankle, and Foot

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mellowstar51's version from 2016-08-17 17:11

Section 1

Question Answer
Tibialis anteriorO: Lateral condyle and proximal half of tibia and interosseous membrane; I: Plantar surface of medial cuneiform and base of first metatarsal
Extensor digitorum longusO: Lateral tibial condyle, proximal anterior fibula, and interosseous membrane; I: Middle and distal phalanges of digits 2-5, by four tendos to dorsal surfaces
Extensor hallucis longusO: Middle of anterior surface of the fibula and interosseous membrane; I: Base of the first distal phalanx, dorsal side
Peroneus longusO: Head and lateral two-thirds of the fibula; I: Lateral sides of the first metatarsal and medial cuneiform
Peroneus brevisO: Distal two-thirds of lateral surface of the fibula; I: Tuberosity on base of fifth metatarsal
Peroneus tertiusO: Distal one-third of anterior surface of the fibula and interosseous membrane; I: Dorsal surface of base of fifth metatarsal
GastrocnemiusO: (Medial head) posterior surface of medial femoral condyle, (Lateral head) posterior surface of lateral femoral condyle; I: Posterior surface of the calcaneus via the Achilles tendon
SoleusO: Soleal line and posterior surface of the tibia and posterior head and proximal surface of the fibula; I: Posterior surface of the calcaneus via the Achilles tendon
PlantarisO: Distal part of lateral supracondylar line of the femur; I: Posterior surface of the calcaneus via the Achilles tendon
Tibialis posteriorO: Lateral, posterior tibia, proximal two-thirds of medial fibula, and interosseous membrane; I: Navicular tuberosity, cuneiform 1-3, cuboid, and bases of metatarsals 2-4
Flexor digitorum longusO: Middle of the posterior surface of the tibia; I: Base of distal phalanges of digits 2-5, by four tendons to plantar surfaces
Flexor hallucis longusO: Distal posterior surface of the fibula and interosseous membrane; I: Base of first distal phalanx, plantar surface
PopliteusO: Lateral condyle of the femur; I: Proximal, posterior aspect of tibia
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Question Answer
Extensor digitorum brevisO: Lateral and dorsal calcaneus; I: Dorsal aponeurosis of toes 2-4
Extensor hallucis brevisO: Dorsal calcaneus; I: Base of first distal phalanx
Dorsal interosseiO:Adjacent sides of metatarsals; I: Bases of proximal phalanges and dorsal digital expansions
Planter interosseiO: Bases and medial sides of metatarsals 3-5; I: Medials sides of bases of proximal phalanges 3-5
LumbricalsO: Tendons of flexor digitorum longus; I: Medially on the dorsal digital expansions of toes 2-5
Opponens digiti minimiO:Dorsal surface of tubercle of 5th metatarsal; I: Base of 5th proximal phalanx
Flexor digiti minimiO: Base of 5th metatarsal and peroneus longus tendon sheath; I: Proximal phalanx of 5th toes
Adductor hallucisO: (Oblique head) base of 2nd-4th metatarsals and peroneus longus tendon sheath, (Transverse head) metatarsophalangeal ligaments 3-5; I: Base of first proximal phalanx and lateral sesamoid bone
Flexor hallucis brevisO:Plantar surface of cuboid, lateral cuneiform, and tendon of tibialis posterior; I: Sesamoid ones and medial lateral sides of bases of first proximal phalanx
Abductor digiti minimiO: Lateral tuberosity of calcaneus and plantar aponeurosis; I: Lateral side of 5th proximal phalanx
Flexor digitorum brevisO: Medial part of calcaneal tuberosity and plantar aponeurosis; I: By individual tendons to the middle phalanges of toes 2-5
Abductor hallucisO: Medial part of calcaneal tuberosity; I: Base of first proximal phalanx and medial sesamoid
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Section 2

Question Answer
Plantarflexion of the ankleGastrocnemius, Soleus, Tibialis Posterior, Peroneus longus, Peroneus brevis, Flexor digitorum longus, Flexor hallucis longus, Plantaris
Dorsiflexion of the ankleTibialis anterior, Extensor digitorum longus, Extensor hallucis longus
Inversion of the ankleTibialis anterior, Tibialis posterior, Flexor digitorum longus, Flexor hallucis longus, Extensor hallucis longus
Eversion of the anklePeroneus longus, Peroneus brevis, Extensor digitorum longus
Toe flexionFlexor digitorum longus (2-5), Flexor hallucis longus (1)
Toe extensiorExtensor digitorum longus (2-5), Extensor hallucis longus (1)
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
Bones of talocrucal jointtibia, fibula, talus
Bones of subtalar jointtalus and calcaneus
Actions of talocrural jointplantarflexion and dorsiflexion
Actions of subtalar jointinversion and eversion
Differences between tibialis anterior and posteriorTibialis anterior - dorsiflexion and inversion; Tibialis posterior - plantarflexion and inversion
Muscles that control pronationTibialis anterior, Tibialis posterior, Flexor digitorum longus
"Postural" muscle of the lower legSoleus
Muscles that make up "triceps surae"Gastrocnemius and Soleus
Commonly called the "calf" muscleGastrocnemius
Medial malleolus, lateral malleolus, cuneiforms, talus, cuboid, navicular, calcaneus
Pes cavus vs pes planuspes cavus - high arch; pes planus - flatfoot
Tibialis anterior function during walkingpull the leg over the foot
How to identify muscles that act on big toeHallucis
General gait phrasesstance phase (left or right depending on which leg is furthest forward), swing phase, double stance
Foot inverters and evertersInversion: Tibialis anterior, Extensor hallucis longus, Tibialis posterior, Flexor digitorum longus, Flexor hallucis longus
Eversion: Extensor digitorum longus, Peroneus longus, Peroneus brevis, Peroneus tertius
Longest, medium, and shortest peroneus muscleslongus, brevis, tertius
Muscles that cross the knee jointplantaris and gastrocnemius
Muscles that make up Achilles tendonGastrocnemius, Soleus, Plantaris
Dorsalis pedis locationdorsal surface of foot from anterior aspect of ankle to first intermetatarsal space
Nerve that wraps around fibula neckperoneal
Palpate major landmarks and muscles
AROM, PROM, RROM of major muscles
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