Lecture test 2

liveitupsunshine's version from 2017-06-29 21:39

Section 1

Question Answer
HAIhealth care associated infection
most abundant HAIsurgical sites and lower resperatory pnemonia
EIDemerging infectious disease
what is EIDdisease that is new or increase in incedint, or show a potintial to cause one in the near future
the noemale reestabletion of EIDgenetic recomidation
what is antibiotic resistant straingenetic recomidation by inapprropriate use of antibiotics and rx
7 types of genetic recomidation1-evelution of new strain 2-inappropriate use of rx 3-changes in weather pattern 4-modern transportation 5-ecological diaster/human settlement 6- animal control measures 7-public health failure
epidimologist what did john snow astablishdiscriptive
discriptivecollection and analysis of data regarding occurances
analydz in relationticalcomparance of a diseased group and healthy group
epidimologist what did nightengale astablishanalytical
experimentalstudy of a disease using a controled experiants
case reportinghealth care workers report spacific disease to local, state, and national office
incidencewhat number of cases of the population has that disease at a specific time
prevelancenumber of new cases and the number of already known cases
herd immunityimmunity of most of the population
morbitiyincedences of a spacifid notifiable disease
morbility ratenumber of people inflicted with a notifiable dz in relation to the population at a given time
mortality ratenumber of deaths from notifiable disease in the population at a given time

Section 2

Question Answer
what are the 2 types of cells eukerioctic and prokariatic
what is the cellthe structual and functional unit of all living things
organallsspecialized part of a cell that preformsa distinct function
membranous organellscirlcled in membranes and inside the cytoplasm
non membranous organelleribosomes
comparasan in size of euk and prokprok size of head and the Euk size of nostral in camparison
nucleous surounded by nuclear membrane with pores
what is chromatinuncoiled chromosomes RNA and protiens (histones and non-histones
nucleoloussite of RNS synthasis
endoplasmic reticuluminside the nucleous
what is the hoolow space of the ERcisterna
Rough ER - granualstudded with ribosomes (80s) - site of protien sunthasis - phospholipids synthasis
smouth ER granual (endocline gland)lipid synthasis - detoxification site - seuesters ion in some cell
golgi apperatusshipping department of cell - makes lymosomes - modification products for either secretion or intercellular use
lysosomesmade by golgi apperatous - remains in cell - contains hydrolytic enzymes
proxisomescontains catalase which detoxify - hydrogen poroxide
mitocondriaatp synthasis - has DNa AND RIBOSOMES 70S - CAN DEVIDE INDEPEndantly of the reest of the cell
chloroplastphotosynthasis (light energy) - found onlyin phototrops - has DNA and ribosomes 70s - can devide independantly of the rest of the cell
thylakoidflattened membrane sacs
what is a stack of thylakoidgranum
indocymbiotic therorylet the force be with you
flaggellum9 and 2 arrangement of microtubules and attaches to the basel body
ciliamultipule, in hundrads 9 and 2 arrangment
components of the euk cytoskelaton microtubules , microfiliments - intermediate fillimants - centrials
what is a microtubulehollow, helps send stuff from one side to the other
microfillamentthread like soilid
intermediate fillamentsthicker threadlike
functions of EUK cytoskelatonprovides internal framework for cell - centriols from basel bodies of fleggeller - spendal fibers for cell division - moves components within cell
where is glyocalyx foundis only in cells with no cell walls like plant and algea
another word from cytoplasmic steamingamioboid motion
sarcinae3D 4 on 4
vibriolittle curve
spirillumthick spiral
spirochetethin spiral, very curvey, more motile (corck screw)

Section 3

Question Answer
internal features of Prokcytoplasm and ribosomes
what is ribosomeRNA
what is cytoplasmsemifluid substances within the cell membrane
what does cytoplasm containnutrients and enzym, electrolights and other solutes
what does cytoplasm consist mostly ofwater 80%
what occure inside of the cytoplasmmetabolic reaction
what does EUK have but PROk does notnucleous and cytoplasmic streaminng
what happens in the ribosomesite of protien synthasis
what measures ribosomessvedburge units which refers to the sedimentation rates
70s ribosomes is whatin prok and euk 50/30 has mitocondria and chloroplast
802 ribosomes is whatheavier then 70s - rough ER - EUK cytoplasm
what will stike ribosomes 70s and not 80santibiotics like streptomyocin
quorum sensincommunication and behavior change of cells
interspicies communicationcommunication from common species
intraspecies communicationcommunication between other spieces inside the host
nucliod or nuclear arearegion in cytoplasm where DNA is concentrated
EUk nucleus charictoristicsdouble membrane and pores
chromosome in EUksingle circular chromosome, no nuclear envelope
Chromosome in Prokchromosomes attach to the cell membrane
how do chromosomes split in EUKcintriols in the cytoskeleton help make sure the number of chromosomes are split equally
how do chromosomes split in PROKPROK make 2 sets then splits equally in have
plasmidssmall circular strands of DNA, seperate from chromosomes
when mat plasmids be presentin addition to the simple circular chromosome
how many forms of genes are in plasmids and the function5 - 100 genes not crucial to survival but may give the cell survival advantage
where are plasmids foundin Prok and in some EUK
what is important to bio-technologyplasmids
metochromaticstorage of inorganic phosphate (nucliac acid and lipids)
polysachorideglycogen and starch storage
sulfer granualenergy reserve
carboxosomesfixation enzymes
magnotesomesiorn oxide and hydrogen poroxide catabolism
endospore charictoristicconyains mostly DNA and some protien and has kartin, risistant to temp extreme dissicotiation, and ph changes
what is a endosporea durable and dominent survival pods produced by curtian G+bactiria like bacillus and colostridium
Prok appendancesfleggellar and fembria
how do flaggeller move prok move in unisome and Euk move independantly
what flegeller use to communicatechemical and light
what is a flegeller on one endmonotrricous
what is cell with no fleggelleratrricous
what is cell with fleggeler on both endsamphitrichous
what is a cell with lots of flegeler on one endlophatricou
what is a cell with fleggeler all overpreitrichos
what is fimbriamultipule short hollow appendages, allow the microb to attach to surfaces and one another
congigation piliG- single long hollow tube in bacteria - G+cell equivilant structure but shorter is called mating bridge
external fetures of prokglycocalx - cell wall - cell membrane

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