Leadership Exam 3

juniperk's version from 2018-02-21 17:03


Question Answer
What is Autocratic/Authoritative leadership?The leader/manager makes the majority of the decisions, may be essential in emergency situations that call for immediate action.
What is Laissez-faire or permissive leadership?Llittle or no direction or guidance is provided, is at the other extreme and provides the least structure and control. It is highly effective for situations in which coworkers can develop their own goals, make their own decisions, and take responsibility for their own actions. An example might be seen in an inpatient psychiatric unit where a certain amount of autonomy and self-direction are an important part of the unit’s operation.
What is Democratic or participative leadership?Input to decision making is encouraged among workers, represents the middle ground. The democratic leader focuses on involving subordinates in decision making. It is most effective when the decision or task at hand does not require urgent action and when subordinates have the ability to make meaningful contributions.
What is Multicratic leadership?Combines the most favorable aspects of all styles as mediated by the circumstances at hand. A multicratic leader provides maximum structure and direction when the situation calls for it and provides for maximum group input into decision making when conditions are conducive to such an approach.
What does leadership refer to?Leadership refers to the ability to guide, motivate, and inspire, and to instill vision and purpose.
What does management refer to?Management refers to activities such as planning, organizing, directing, and controlling with the purpose of accomplishing specific goals and objectives within an organization.
What is Transactional leadership?Examines leadership in terms of striking a bargain in which there is a mutual exchange between leaders and followers of benefits for work sometimes referred to as a reward and punishment approach. Maintains stability of organization while offering rewards to employees for performance and met goals.
What is Transformational leadership ?Places emphasis on the collective purpose and mutual growth of both the leader and the follower and de-emphasizes differences in the roles of the leader and followers. Leader activities include creating a vision, building relationships, developing trust, and building self-esteem. Leader makes subordinates aware of how important their jobs are, helps them build skills, and motivates them to work for the good of the organization. Has four major components: idealized influence (attributes and behaviors), individualized consideration, inspirational motivation, and intellectual stimulation.
What is Reward power?Power achieved by having the ability to grant favors or give rewards to others.
What is Coercive power?Power that occurs because of the ability to place sanctions on another individual in the form of verbal threats, withholding pay increases, undesired assignments, or warnings.
What is Legitimate power?Power based on an official position within the organization. Often referred to as authority, in which manager has the right to direct others and workers are obligated to respond.
What is Expert power?Power gained through the possession of special knowledge, skills, or abilities that are respected by others.
What is Referent power? Power an individual has because others identify with the leader or what that leader symbolizes or represents. Referent power is often associated with charisma. Charisma is a combination of characteristics that makes a person appealing and that attracts others.
What are the 4 components of continuous improvement?1. Continual analysis 2. Product evaluation 3. Error prevention 4. Customer satisfaction

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