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Latin Participles

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Updated 2007-02-08 21:14

Latin Participles

Latin, like English, allows for the use of verbs as adjectives. These "participles" are formed from a verb's stem and a special set of endings.

 

Participles share certain characteristics from both verbs and nouns. Like a verb, they have a tense and a voice. Like a noun, they have a case. Like, both they have a number (singular or plural).

Present Active Participle

Future Active Participle

Perfect Passive Participle

Future Passive Participle

Participle Paradigm

TenseActivePassive
Presentpresent stem + ns (gen. -ntis)----------
Perfect----------participle stem + -us, -a, -um (1)
Futureparticiple stem + urus, ura, urum (1)present stem + -ndus, -nda, -ndum (2)
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(1) The "participle stem" is formed by dropping the ending from the perfect passive participle. However, it is most often the same stem as the verb's fourth principle part less the ending.

 

(2) The future passive participle is also known as the "gerundive." It plays an integral role in the "passive periphrastic conjugation."

Examples

WordCaseNumberTenseVoice
agensnominativesingularpresentactive
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