Updated 2007-02-08 21:14
Latin ParticiplesLatin, like English, allows for the use of verbs as adjectives. These "participles" are formed from a verb's stem and a special set of endings.
Participles share certain characteristics from both verbs and nouns. Like a verb, they have a tense and a voice. Like a noun, they have a case. Like, both they have a number (singular or plural).
Present Active Participle
Future Active Participle
Perfect Passive Participle
Future Passive Participle
|Present||present stem + ns (gen. -ntis)||----------|
|Perfect||----------||participle stem + -us, -a, -um (1)|
|Future||participle stem + urus, ura, urum (1)||present stem + -ndus, -nda, -ndum (2)|
(1) The "participle stem" is formed by dropping the ending from the perfect passive participle. However, it is most often the same stem as the verb's fourth principle part less the ending.
(2) The future passive participle is also known as the "gerundive." It plays an integral role in the "passive periphrastic conjugation."