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Large Animal Sx- Horsemanship

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untimely's version from 2015-09-19 18:44

Thoroughbred horses

Question Answer
Equine industry contributes about $____ to economy$39 billion
what are Thoroughbred Horses used for?Primarily used for Racing and sport horse riding such as Hunting, Jumping, and English Pleasure
what's a stakes race?A graded stakes race is any thoroughbred horse race in the United States or Canada that derives its name from the stake, or entry fee, owners must pay. (lots of people pay lots of money)
what's a Conditioned Race?Conditions races are horse races where the weights carried by the runners are laid down by the conditions attached to the race. Weights are allocated according to; the sex of the runners, with female runners carrying less weight than males; the age of the runners, with younger horses receiving weight from older runners to allow for relative maturity, referred to as weight for age; and quality of runners, with horses that have won certain values of races giving weight to less successful entrants.
what's a Claiming Race?A claiming race in thoroughbred horse racing is one in which the horses are all for sale for more or less the same price (the "claiming price") up until shortly before the race. (horse is put in race, ppl can buy that horse)
what is a furlong?1/8th mile
two examples of distances of horse races?6-12 furlongs (furlong is 1/8th mile)
examples of catastrophic injuries racing horses can suffer from?Fractures of P1 MCIII, Bilateral sesamoid fractures, suspensory rupture
two common conditions racing horses suffer from?Tendonitis and bucked shins common
how is a horses weight distributed? Which end more likely to be injured?horses 60% of weight front end, 40% back end (more likely to injure front, esp after you put a rider on them)
what is bucked shins? Muscles are attached to the bone through a tissue (membrane) called the periosteum which is attached to the bone by a dense fibrous connective tissue. A Bucked Shin occurs when the periosteum tears away from the front of the cannon bone.
which is more common in thoroughbreds- front or back limb lameness?front (more weight there, then add a person on top of that)..but back leg lameness isn't uncommon either
do thoroughbreds bare towards or away from the lame limb?could be either
to exam a thoroughbred for lameness, exam at the _________ and _________walk and trot
what might be a sign that a thoroughbred might be lame?might refuse to switch leads (Lead changes are important in many riding disciplines. In horse racing, when a horse is galloping, the leading leg may tire, resulting in the horse slowing down. If the lead is changed, the horse will usually "find another gear" or be able to maintain its pace. Because horses race counter-clockwise in North America, a racehorse is usually trained to lead with the left leg while rounding the turn for balance, but switch to the right lead on the straightaways between the turns to rest the left)
difference between thoroughbred and standardbred horse races?thoroughbreds and ridden, standardbreds are driven with a cart
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Standardbred

Question Answer
difference between thoroughbred and standardbred horse races?thoroughbreds and ridden, standardbreds are driven with a cart
are standardbreds driven clockwise or counterclockwise?counterclockwise
what is the distance standardbreds are driven?1 mile (all times for one mile, track sizes can vary)
what are the two gaits which standardbreds use in races?trot and pace
how long do you need to train a Standardbred to be race ready?4mo
when standardbreds are training on tracks, how do the fast moving horses run and how do the slow moving horses run?Slow moving horses stay to outside and go clockwise. Fast moving horses stay on inside and go counterclockwise
Predisposing Causes of Lameness in standardbreds?Conformation (A horse's shape), Gait, training methods, shoeing, track surfaces, tack (their gear), Length of racing season and large number of races, age of the horse
since standardbreds are pacing with hobbles on so their R and L side move together, what's a problem they can have?CROSS-FIRING- Inside of the hind limb brushes inside of the diagonal forelimb when horse is pacing.
do standardbreds bear towards or away from the lame side?bear AWAY (so if lame in R forelimb, bear to the L)
what are some signs a horse might be lame on one side?On a line, Bearing out or bearing in, Turning the head
what is "on a line"?the lines are the ropes the person steers the horse with. on a line means the person is constantly pulling one side of the line (L or R) to try to keep the horse straight, because they are always bearing to one side (the sound side). SO, if a horse is lame on the L, they are bearing to the right, which means they are on the left line
why is it harder to see a head nod in a standardbred?the overcheck strap reduces amplitude of nod and makes it hard to see
Standardbreds carry the hindquarters ___ (towards or away from?) from the lame sideaway from
what is "riding the shaft"?standardbreds carry the hindquarters away from the lame side, and they have the shaft of the cart on their side of them, so they can lean their butt into one side because theyre bearing away from the lame side.
what sign do you look for in lameness with the front limb? back limb?FRONT: head nod. BACK: Sacral rise ("hip hike")
Questions to ask the trainer about if they horse might be lame?Is horse bearing in or out? Is horse on a line? Does horse have a sacral rise (hip hike)? Is the horse on a shaft?
what's the point of the overcheck strap?keeps head up in the air (discourages them from gallop) also keeps bit up so you can control them more.
5 kinds of races standardbreds are in?Conditioned Race, Claiming Race, Open Race, Invitational or Preferred Race, Breeders or Sires Stakes Race
what's a Open Race?Open class is a term used in standardbred harness racing to mean that the event is open to all comers
what's a Conditioned Race?Conditions races are horse races where the weights carried by the runners are laid down by the conditions attached to the race. Weights are allocated according to; the sex of the runners, with female runners carrying less weight than males; the age of the runners, with younger horses receiving weight from older runners to allow for relative maturity, referred to as weight for age; and quality of runners, with horses that have won certain values of races giving weight to less successful entrants.
what's a Claiming Race?A claiming race in thoroughbred horse racing is one in which the horses are all for sale for more or less the same price (the "claiming price") up until shortly before the race. (horse is put in race, ppl can buy that horse)
what's a Invitational or Preferred Race?(im not 100% sure but) opposite of an open race- you must be invited or meet requirements to do this race
what's a Breeders or Sires Stakes Race? The objective of the race is to improve the breed and provide viable incentives for breeders, owners and trainers to breed, buy and race horses (basically see how good the horse is an then ppl want to breed him)
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Quarter Horses/ some general info

Question Answer
what are some of the uses for a quarter horse?showing, pleasure riding, working horse (like a cutting horse), racing
what are cutting horses?a horse trained in separating cattle from a herd.
what is a Reining Horse?Reining is a western riding competition for horses where the riders guide the horses through a precise pattern of circles, spins, and stops.
what is dressage?horse and rider are expected to perform from memory a series of predetermined movements (the one that takes forever to train and they look weird)
highest level of dressage in the US?4th (takes forever to train them)
dressage predisposes horses to what problems?Activities predispose to *hock pain, muscle soreness, suspensory disease
what should you know about conformation of a horse?conformation can predispose to lameness
what are the 4 lateral conformations?
if there is a negative coffin bone angle (look like coffin bone is leaning back) leaves them prone to what?navicular dz
Anesthesia of the Distal interphalangeal joint will block what things?Anesthetic will diffuse into the navicular bursa. Navicular disease will improve with this block. Sole of the foot will be anesthetized (Region dorsal to frog more desensitized than the bars)
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