Large Animal Sx- Horse Terminology 2

wilsbach's version from 2015-11-04 18:48


Question Answer
SADDLE GALLA sore produced by the rubbing of the saddle; girth galls are most common.
SICKLE-HOCKSHocks with too much bend when viewed from the side.
SIDEBONEOssification of either lateral cartilage of the foot.
SOUNDA horse that is free from any detectable defect of form or function
SPAVIN, BOGA puffy swelling or distention of the capsular LIGAMENT on the inside, and slightly to the front, of the hock joint.
SPAVIN, BONEA bony growth inside and just below the hock joint.
SPLINTA small bony growth between the splint bone and the cannon bone.
SPLINT BONESmall metacarpals and small metatarsals
STRIKINGLashing out with a forelimb either viciously or in play.
STRINGHALTA gait disorder whereby one or both hind legs are lifted in a jerking action towards the flank.
STUDA stallion which is used for breeding; also, referring to a breeding establishment
SWEATA liniment (a liquid or lotion, especially one made with oil, for rubbing on the body to relieve pain) with a lot of glycerine in it varying in degree of counter-irritation.
SWEENEYAtrophy of the shoulder muscles
TACKEquipment worn by the horse: halter, bridle, saddle, harness, etc.
THROAT LATCHRegion just behind the jaws; the narrowest part of the horse's neck.
THOROUGH-PINDistension of the sheath of the deep digital flexor tendon on the caudal aspect of the hock.
THRUSHInflammation of the frog characterized by discharge and a foul smell.
TIED-UPA stiff, inhibited way of going often caused by rhabdomyolysis (A breakdown of muscle tissue that releases a damaging protein into the blood.)
TROTOne of the horse’s natural gaits; a beat gait which diagonal pairs of legs move together.
TUCKED-UPThe flanks are drawn up behind the ribs.
UNSOUNDNESSA defect in form or function.
VICEAny chronic, objectionable habit acquired by a horse.
WEAVINGA stable habit of nervous origin; the horse rocks from side to side and may lift each forefoot in turn as it sways its head and front.
WHIRLBONEGreater trochanter of the femur.
WIND PUFFSoft swelling above and behind the fetlock joint caused by effusion in fetlock joint capsule.
WIND-SUCKINGThe horse sucks in air and swallows it with a gulping sound; this vice is similar to cribbing; also can be used as term for pneumovagina.
WITHERSHigh point at the junction of the horse's neck and back; produced by the spines of the first few thoracic vertebrae
WOLF TEETHRudimentary teeth which occur in front of the front upper molar tooth on either side of the jaw. (PMl).


Question Answer
SHOULDERScapulohumeral joint
ELBOW (CUBITAL JOINT)Humeroulnar, humeroradial and radioulnar articulation
CARPUS (KNEE)Antebrachiocarpal, midcarpal, carpometacarpal joints
FETLOCK JOINT (ANKLE)Metacarpo- or metatarsophalangeal joint
PASTERN JOINTProximal interphalangeal joint
COFFIN JOINTDistal interphalangeal joint
HIP JOINTCoxofemoral joint
STIFLE JOINTFemoropatellar, medial femorotibial and lateral femorotibial joints
HOCKTarsocrural (the tarsus with the tibia and the fibula), proximal intertarsal, distal intertarsal (centrodistal) and tarsometatarsal joints
CANNON BONEThird metatarsal or metacarpal bone
SPLINT BONESSecond and fourth metacarpal and metatarsal bones
LONG PASTERN BONEProximal phalanx
COFFIN BONEDistal phalanx
SUSPENSORY LIGAMENTInterosseus ligament
SUPERIOR CHECK LIGAMENTAccessory ligament of superficial digital flexor (#12 on diagram)
INFERIOR CHECK LIGAMENTAccessory ligament of deep digital flexor (#10 on diagram)
HEEL NERVESPalmer or plantar digital nerves