Large Animal Sx- Horse Terminology 1

wilsbach's version from 2015-11-04 18:48


Question Answer
ACTIONWay of going; referring to movements of the legs
AMBLEA slow pace; the right limbs are moved simultaneously, followed by the left limbs
ANTERIOR PHASE OF STRIDEThe part of the stride in front of the opposite foot.
BACK AT THE KNEEWhen viewed from the side the carpus is bent backwards and not in line with the radius and cannon bone
BAR-SHOEA shoe for a diseased hoof; the heels are bent inward and the shoe forms a complete circle.
BARS OF MOUTHSpace between the incisors and molars where the bit lies
BASE NARROWLess distance between the legs at the point where they contact the ground than where they originate from the chest
BASE WIDEDistance between the feet on the ground is greater than the distance between them at the chest.
BAULKINGRefusing to move either from stubbornness or extreme fear to the point of "freezing."
BEANHorseman's term for a collection of smegma in the urethral diverticulum
BENCH KNEESCannon bone is deviated from a straight line with the radius, and sits lateral to the radius.
BLEMISHA permanent mark left by an injury or disease; may count against the horse in some horse show classes
BOLTINGGalloping out of control; usually a result of fear
BOWED TENDONTendonitis or tenosynovitis causing a swelling on back of limb
BUCKED KNEESCarpal area is displaced anteriorly.
BUCKED SHINSStress fractures of the third metacarpal bone
CALF-KNEEAKA back at the knee....
CAMPED IN FRONTThe forefeet are too far forward in front of the body
CANNONMetacarpal or metatarsal bone.
CANTERA slow gallop; a three beat gait the sequence of leg movement being left hind, right hind+left fore, right fore, or vice versa.
CAPPED ELBOWA pendulous swelling in the region of the elbow; usually caused by the heel of the shoe or a rough or poorly bedded floor when the horse is lying down
CAPPED HOCKSwelling on the point of the hock caused by injury; kicking, shortage of bedding, etc.
CASTRefers to a horse which is lying in a stall and is unable to rise because he is too close to the wall; usually result from an attempt to roll over too near the wall.
CAULKSMetal pieces added to the bottom of the shoes either to lift the heels or to aid in traction.
CLEAN LEGA leg free of blemishes
COLLECTEDWhen the horse is ridden with the neck flexed and the hind limbs well under the body; necessary for ultimate control.
CONFORMATIONa horse's shape
CONTRACTED HEELSWhen the frog is not in contact with the ground and the rear part of the hoof has a tendency to contract; the heel becomes narrower than normal
CORDINGA bandage too tight, cutting off the circulation
CORNSReddish discoloration of the sole usually in the heel region; caused by excess pressure by the shoe.
CORONETCoronary band
COW-HOCKEDHocks which are turned inward at the points as in the cow.
CRIBBINGGrabbing part of the stall, fence, etc., between the teeth and sucking wind at the same time; usually develops as a result of boredom or nervousness.
CROSS-FIRINGInside of the hind limb brushes inside of the diagonal forelimb when horse is pacing.
CROUPThe top of the rump; extends from the loins to the root of the tail.
CURBThickening of the plantar ligament; not necessarily accompanied by lameness. (The long plantar ligament - occupies lateroplantar aspect of hock (from calcaneus to 4th tarsal and metatarsals). Stabilizes calcaneus when under force of common calcaneal tendon.)
CUT DOWNA Thoroughbred horse either hits himself or another hits him with the toe grab of the aluminum shoeing causing damage to skin or flexors in the mid-cannon region.
DESMITISInflammation of a ligament.
EXTENDEDWay of moving where the horse extends the limbs maximally, thereby attaining an increase in speed; the opposite of collected
FAR SIDEThe horse's right hand side
FAVORING A LEGExhibiting a lameness in a leg (or foot).
FEATHERSRefers to the long hairs which grow on the palmar (or plantar) surface of the fetlock joint.
FIREThe application of special hot irons to a diseased part (usually old sprains of bones, joints, or tendons) in order to hasten (quicken) the process of repair.
FISTULOUS WITHERSFistulous tract at withers caused by bursitis of supraspinous bursa
FLOAT TEETHTo file sharp points off the molars in order to facilitate eating.
FOREHANDThe forelimbs, head, neck, shoulders, and withers of a horse
FORGINGCollision of the hind shoe with the fore shoe when the horse is trotting; see "clicking."
FOUNDERaka laminitis
GAITManner of moving; a horse naturally has three gaits: walk, trot and gallop.
GALLOPOne of the horse's three natural gaits: a four beat gait the sequence of movement of limbs is left hind/right hind and left fore/right fore, or vice versa.
GELDINGA castrated male horse.
GRADEA horse of mixed breeding.
HANDUnit of measurement of horse's height; equal to four inches
HEAVESManner of breathing caused by COPD; also called "broken wind."
HEELThe lower back parts of the wall of the hoof.
HOBBLESA leather device which is hooked to the horse's legs and forces him to pace rather than trot; also a similar device which is used on horses which are turned loose to graze in order to prevent them from furring away; "breeding hobbles" are used to prevent the mare from kicking the stallion during service.
HOCKA tarsal joint
INTERFERINGA general term for the ways a horse can injure himself by striking one foot or leg with another; see "brushing."
JOGA slow trot; usually refers to the slow trot performed by Western trained horses, or slow trot or pace performed by Standardbred horses.
KNEEthe carpal joint
KNOCK KNEESCarpal joints tend to learn toward one another - carpal valgus
LEADThe last foot to hit the ground in a stride at the gallop or canter.
MARKINGSWhite areas on the horse's face or legs.
NEARSIDEThe horse's left hand side.
OFF SIDESee "far side." (horse's right hand side)
OVER AT THE KNEEA forward bend or curve of the knees.
OVER-REACHINGThe toe of the hind shoe strikes the heel of the forefoot when the horse is in motion.
OSSELETSSwelling over the dorsal aspect of the fetlock joint.
PACEA gait in which the right fore and hind limbs move together followed by the left fore and hind limbs; a slow pace is called an amble and a fast pace is a gait utilized for harness racing.
PARROT MOUTHThe upper incisors overhand the lower; also known as "overshot."
PASTERNArea of a horse's leg between the fetlock joint and the coronet.
PAWINGDigging at the ground with a forefoot.
PLAITINGA faulty way of going whereby feet cross over midline during swinging phase.
POINTINGThe resting of either foreleg (more forward than usual), usually a sign of navicular disease; pointing also refers to a faulty way of going in which the horse's forelimb is completely extended before it hits the ground.
POLLThe area of a horse's head between the ears.
POLL EVILA painful swelling between the ears, often associated with a draining tract. Caused by atlantal bursitis
PONYA horse not exceeding 14 hands 2 inches in height.
POSTERIOR PHASE OF STRIDEThe part of the stride behind the print of the opposite foot.
QUARTERSThe area lying between the rear of the flank and the root of the tail, stretching downward to the top of the gaskin.
QUARTER-CRACKSCracks in the hoof occurring between the toe and the heel.
QUIDDINGPartially chewed roughages are spit out when pain is felt over a diseased tooth.
QUITTORA fistulous sore at the coronet. (if I had pus coming out of my shoe id be quittin' too)
REARINGStanding on the hind legs
RINGBONEBony formation in the pastern region (put a ring on you out in the pasture)
RUMPA horse's hindquarters.