Create
Learn
Share

Landscape Construction

rename
Updated 2008-02-03 17:12

Landscape Construction

Drawings

TypeDescription
PlanBirdseye view, look straight down.
SectionCut through, look at middle.
ElevationLook face on at something
PerspectiveRotate horizontally,vertically
memorize

Sequencing

TypeDescription
SequencingThe rocess of taking an idea or design and logically building ona site in the most efficient manner possible (labor, materials, cost)
Sequencing Task 1Equipment to be used, when.
Sequencing Task 2Debris Removal
Sequencing Task 3Types of Material, Quantities
Sequencing Task 4Deliveries
Sequencing Task 5Length of time for task
Sequencing Task 6When and How Much Money to Exchange
memorize

Site Analysis

TypeDescription
Site Analysis 1Survey or Boundary
Site Analysis 2Building Lines, Easements, Right of Way
Site Analysis 3Location of Structures
Site Analysis 4Location of Paving, Walls, Fences, Etc.
Site Analysis 5Location of Utilities
Site Analysis 6Location of water, Drainage Ways, Springs
Site Analysis 7Outline of Wooded Areas and Other Vegetation
Site Analysis 8Notation of Soils; types, depth, etc.
PreReq 1Call Call Before You Dig
PreReq 2Get GIS Map
PreReq 3Get Zoning Info
memorize

Weather Data

TypeDescription
Weather Data 1Geology
Weather Data 2Transportation Maps
Weather Data 3Zoning Ordinances
Weather Data 4Solar Orientation
memorize

Site Visits

TypeDescription
Site Visit 1Field Observations
Site Visit 2Character of the Site
Site Visit 3Views
Site Visit 4Site features
Site Visit 5Limitations
Site Visit 6Potential
memorize

Grading

TypeDescription
Grading 1To Create Level Area
Grading 2To Create Circulation Patterns
Grading 3To Create Special Effects or Special Items
Mass GradingGrade Flat
Sculptured GradingGrade with contour of land
memorize

Topography

TypeDescription
Slope Classification 1Flat
Slope Classification 2Rolling
Slope Classification 3Steep
Determining Slope 1Ratio 1:1
Determining Slope 2Angle 45 degrees
Determining Slope 3Percentage 100 percent
memorize

Making a Plan

TypeDescription
Key Plan Reference PlanAbstract, High Level
Detail PlanMore Detailed than Key Plan
Base PlanProperty Lines, House, Hardscapes
Site AnalysisPut notes on it, site survey checklist, focus on what should be there.
memorize

Dimensioning

TypeDescription
CoordinatesEW, NS Direction. Put points on graph, approximate what goes btwn points.
OffsetControl Line, bring lines down at intervals.
CenterlineMeasure distance from centerline.
memorize

General Terms

TermDefinition
Right of WayLeave a piece of property open to public.
EasementPick up obstructions, does not have to replace.
memorize

Utilities

TypeDescription
GravityNo pumping
PressureWater, fire, etc.
memorize

Contours

TypeDescription
Hills RidgesRidge lines point down
ValleysWater flows down, contour points up
memorize

Slope and Drainage

TypeDescription
Pavement1 - 2 percent
Non-Asphalt, Cement3 percent
Impervious SurfaceDoesn't get water back to ground
Pervious SurfaceAllow water through to ground.
Drainage Goal 1Get water away
Drainage Goal 2Collect water for convenience
Residential Pipes4 to 6 inches
Public Pipes12 inches
Riparian RightsYou can't drain to your neighbor
memorize

Methods for Draining Water

TypeDescription
Type 1Parallel
Type 2Herringbone
Type 3Random
memorize

Electric

TypeDescription
Single CircuitSimple Circuit - one switch, one power source, one light.
Series CircuitOne burns out, all off.
Parallel CircuitAll have own power source
memorize

Irrigation

TypeDescription
Trickler IrrigationPut water right on crown
Broadcast IrrigationSpread water around
Deduct WaterDon't pay sanitation on irrigation
Backflow PreventerPrevent water from flowing backwards
memorize