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Kidneys

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gezidalo's version from 2017-05-05 03:54

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Question Answer
Plasma and solutes (no proteins or cells) filtered from glomerular capillaries into nephronFiltration
Most metabolites, ions, and water are reabsorbed through active transport, diffusion, and osmosisReabsorption
Actively placing waste, drugs, and certain ions into the filtrate from the bloodSecretion
Production of filtrate; Renal Corpuscle1
Reabsorption of water, ions, and all organic nutrients; PCT2
Reabsorption of water (descending limb) and sodium and chloride ions (ascending limb); Nephron Loop3
Reabsorption of variable amounts of water and sodium; DCT4
Variable reabsorption of water and sodium (under hormonal control); Collecting Ducts5
Decreased respiratory rate elevates CO2 , effectively converting CO2 molecules to carbonic acid.Response to Alkalosis
Increased respiratory rate lowers CO2 levels, effectively converting carbonic acid molecules to water.Response to Acidosis
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