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Kaplan Lab Values

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djegley's version from 2015-06-16 14:54

1. Electrolytes (Basic ranges + / - a few points based upon laboratory / facility)

Question Answer
Sodim135 - 145
Potassium (K)3.5 - 5.0 (up to 5.5)
Chloride95 - 105
Phosphorus2.5 - 4.5
Magnesium1.5 - 2.5
Calcium8.5-10.5
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2. Arterial Blood Gases

Question Answer
pH7.35 - 7.45
pCO235 - 45
pO280-100
HCO322 - 26
SaO295% - 100%
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3. Hematology Cell Counts

Question Answer
HgbRange: 12- 18 g/dL Woman: (12 - 16) Man: (13 - 18) Child: (10.5 - 15.5) [Neonate 15 - 23]
HctRange: 34% -54% Woman: 34% - 47% Man: 36% - 54% Child 35% - 45% [Neonate: 46% - 68%]
Platelets150k - 450 k / microL Critical low at 50
WBCAdult (4 k -11 k) Child (4.5 k - 13.5 k) [Neonate 9 - 30]
DifferentialNeutrophils 50-75% Lymphocytes 20-40% Monocytes 2-8% Eosinophils 0-4% Basophils 0-2%
RBCRange: (3.7 - 6.2) million F: (3.7 - 5.4) M: (3.8 - 6.2) C: 3.2 - 5.2 [Neonate 4.5 - 7]
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4. General Inflammation

Question Answer
ESRAdult (0 - 30) Woman: 0 - 30 Man: 0 - 20 Child (0 - 15) [Neonate 0 - 2]
CRP Adult < 1 mg/dL
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5. Lipids

Question Answer
Total Cholesterol< 200
Triglycerides <150
LDL<130 (<100 is optimal)
HDL>50 is optimal: woman 35- 85 man 35 - 70
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6. Glycemic Control Values

Question Answer
Blood Glucose70 - 110
HbA1C4 - 7 % (6.5 target for diabetes)
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7. Renal Function / Clearance

Question Answer
BUNAdult - 7-18 Elderly >60yrs 8 - 20
CreatinineAdult - 0.5 - 1.5 Child 0.3 - 1.2 Infant 0.3 - 0.7
BUN / Creatinine Ratio10:1 - 20:1
Specific Gravity1.010 - 1.030
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8. Hepatic Function

Question Answer
AST10 -46 units
ALT5 - 35 units
Albumin3.5 - 5.5
Total Protein6 - 8.6
Total BilirubinTotal (0.3 - 1.2) [Unconj / Indirect (0.1 - 1.1) Conj / Direct (0.1 - 0.3)]
Neonatal BilirubinTotal Bili. may peak as high as 12 on day 3-5, Conjugated Bili. as high as 0.6 during first month
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9. Coagulation

Question Answer
PT9.5 - 16 sec
PTT20 - 39 sec (Typical anticoagulation target is 2 - 2.5 times the control value)
INR2.5 - 3.5 (high anticoag Tx.) / 2.0 - 3.0 (typical anticoag Tx. for VTE, PE, valvular heart disease) / <2 without anticoag.
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10. Cardiac Enzymes

Question Answer
CKrange: 30 - 170 woman: 30-135 man: 55-170 child: 0 - 170
Troponin I<0.03ng/ml
Troponin T<0.2ng/ml
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