Kaplan 5

zomovefa's version from 2017-11-12 15:28

Red VS White

Question Answer
Red fibers (type I)Endurance and posture-maintaining muscles
Red fibers (type I)Increased myoglobin (red color)
Red fibers (type I)Increased mitochondrial content
Red fibers (type I)Increased capacity for aerobic metabolism
White fibers (type II)Fast responses; sprinter's legs
White fibers (type II)Decreased myoglobin
White fibers (type II)Decreased mitochondrial content
White fibers (type II)Decreased capacity for aerobic metabolism
White fibers (type II)Larger diameter and more hypertrophy with strength conditioning


Question Answer
ComplianceArterial contractility or elastisity of vessels -> Decreased compliance in pts with age related arteriosclerosis
Adult with progressive weakness of his legs and arms with a hx of minor weakness of these muscles since childhood. No loss of sensationPoliomyelitis -> Ventral Horns
Sickle cell in african american community is due toNatural selection -> Increases the frequency of genes that promote survival
When do you check for a pts drug to drug interaction?Dispensing time
Primary follicles VS Secondary folliclesProphase(majority) VS Metaphase
Primary preventionDecreases incidencen -> which resuls in decreased mortality
Shingles aka varicella zoster produces messenger RNATranscribing the genomic DNA
Immune complexes(Type III) deposited in the body is removed byClassical Complement pathway
Burning tingling of hands and feet angiokeratomas, corneal opacitiesFabrys
Adductors are supplied byObturator nerve providing sensoring to medial thigh
Drug half life 3 hrs and if in 6 hr how much is drug is left?25%
Drugs half lifes50% 25% 12.5%
Large fungating mass 2cm gastroesophageal mass shows glands that invade into muscular areaEsophageal adenocarcinoma -> Risk factor Barrets esophagus
CoagulativeNecrosis in kidneyPapillary Necrosis -> POSTCARDS Pyelonephritis,Obstruction of urogenital tract, sickle cell, TB, chronic liver disease, analgesic/alcohol abuse, renal transplant rejection, diabetes mellitus, systemic vasculitis
Failure of Glucose administration to supress GH secretionAcromegaly
Macrolides areInducers - erythromycin & clarithomycin EXCEPT for Azithromycin
Colcheine MoaInhibits microtubules -> Leukocyte migration and pahgocytosis -> reduced inflammation
Family physician orders stnadard laboratory tests and schedules her a follow up evaluation with dieticianMedcare B plan
Acute Cholecystits inflmmation or ruptureAnerobes tx Cefotaxime+metrondiazole
Acinar cellsAmylase & lipase
Alpha cellsGlucagon
Beta cellsInsulin
Delta cellsSomatostatin
Guilian barre syndrome is similiar toAutoimmune condition such as Multiple sclerosis
Stable angina complicationLoss of myocytes with fibrosis in the sub endocardium
Addisons diseaseExtracellular volume down, Intracellular volume Increase, Intracellular and extracellular osmolarity decreases
Helium dilution technique measureRV or FRC
Amylodosis causesNephrotic syndrome Protenuria


Question Answer
Translocation of oncogenesBurkitt lymphoma, follicular lymphoma
Insertional mutagenesisHuman immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Viral oncogenesoncogenic retroviruses
Tumor suppressor gene inactivationhepatitis B virus (HBV) and human papillomavirus (HPV)
Integration of viral DNA into chromosomesHIV and many DNA viruses (HPV)