Jung, Erikson, Horney, Allport

dmd1000's version from 2015-12-15 10:38

Section 1

Question Answer
T or F: Jung had a difficult writing style.True. Jung was a difficult writer
T or F: jung was politically correct in his studiesFalse. He focused on religion, telepathy, mystical experiences, séances, astrology flying saucers, divination.
T or F: Jung and Freud had a great friendshipFalse, they had a falling out and freudians put jung down.
T or F: He had a strong historical/philosophical BGTrue. Jung had a strong historical and philosophical BG
T or F: He had a mannequin he carved into a wooden ruler and he would regularly return to the doll and bring it notes with his own secret language because this act brough him a feeling of inner peace and security.True. he carved a mannequin in the attic of his house
T or F: Jung believed that you're pushed around by your past.False. Freud believed this, jung believed that you're pushed by your past and pulled by your future.
T or F: Jung wrote Anti-freudian theory papers which were also apparently anti semitic.True. jung did write an anti freudian paper
T or F: Jungs child hood experiences with rituals and "craziness" heavily impacted his theories.True. jungs childhood experiences heavily impacted his theories

Section 2

Question Answer
collective unconsciousThat part of the psyche that is presumed to contain representations of the collective experiences of humanity. it is depository of instincts and archetypes that go beyond one's own personal experience.
Galvanic Skin response (GSR) The skins decrease in resistance to electrical current during sensory and emotional changes
Word AssociationTest developed by jung in which individuals are presented with stimulus words and asked to give responses to them. this method helps to uncover latent emotional difficulties by exposing content areas that produce hesitation, perseveration or total inhibition of response.
Archetypesuniversal themes or symbols that are a residue of ancestral emotional life. They lead to predispositions to behave and experience reality in a certain way.
Introversion tendency to be internally oriented, reserved, reflective and socially inhibited or circumspect
personal unconscious region of the mind or psyche that contains the individuals experiences that have been blocked or repressed from conscious awareness
extroversion the tendency to be extremely externally oriented, confident, outgoing and accommodating
shadow archetypethe archetype that represents the dark evil side of human nature.
SensingExperience, Detectives
IntuitiveReading people, therapists
Thinking Logic, right/wrong, scientists
Feelingmoods, good/bad, artists
SelfA psyche that has achieved balance and that has developed into a harmonious whole.

Section 3

Question Answer
T or F: Erikson was an outsider in his adolescence, he struggled to identify with religion and ethnicity True Erikson was an outsider.
Basic Evilcoldly indifferent, often hostile, rejecting and domineering attitude of a child's parents.
Basic anxietya child's all-pervasive sense of being lonely and helpless in a hostile world
Basic hostility children's often hidden anger toward all powerful but indifferent and manipulative adults. Many children must repress their anger and feelings of hostility to survive, resulting in internalized hostility.
Neurotic TrendsStratagies designed to overcome the fears, helplessness, and sense of isolation experienced by a neurotic person
T or F: Horney rebelled against her parents religious beliefs.True, Horney rebelled.
T or F: Horney and her parents had a good relationship.False, horney felt unwanted after her brother was born. Her father was very strict and religious and imposed his ideas on his wife and children. Although she was very close to her mother.
Despised real selfthe childs view of them self as despicable, unloveable, and unworthy. This is a false conception of self that is derived frim false negative evaluations by others of ones ability
Ideal SelfThe false sense of self constructed by the individual hurt by negative evaluations and parental indifferences. this person strives for perfection in a wishful way to compensate for feelings of inadequacy and unloveability
Actual Selfthe person physicallt abd mentally as he or she actually exists, independent of anyones perception.
T or F: Horney thought that neurotic symptoms and interpersonal strategies are attempts to resolve basic conflicts.true, horney believed this.

Section 4

Question Answer
How did freud and allport differ in ideas on behaviorism?Allprt believed that research should begin with an assessment of the individuals own estimates of their own motives.
idiographic approachconcerned with identifying the unique combination of traits and other characteristics that best account for the personality of specific individuals. consists of in-depth analyses of individuals usually for clinical or evaluative purposes
What are jennys letters?A woman named jenny wrote to a man named ross and exhibited things like aggression and possessiveness over him, they could look at the letters from two different prospectives - Regards to nomothetic results and what extent she fits within the DSM-IV
Cardinal traitstraits that are pervasive, outstanding and dominating. only a few individuals have cardinal traits
Central traitsthose 5 or 10 traits that best describe a persons personality. such attributes are used to descibe one or write a letter of recommendation.
Secondary Traitscharacteristics that are peripheral to the individuals personality. such as specific tastes in clothing, food preferences, and musical tastes
propriumallports term for self; it consists of the bodily self, self image, self identity, etc.
Functional autonomyprocess by which a behavior that was once set in motion by a basic motive comes to operate even when the original motive on which it was based on is no longer present.

Section 5

Question Answer
May believed that....Humans are conscious beings, focus on existentialism that was philosophical and mostly popular in Europe at the time
May proposed 6 ontological principles1. everyone is self centered 2. everyone is responsible for themselves and improving their lives. 3. people need people who they can empathize and learn from 4. people are protective of dangers to their sense of self hood 5. people may have self consciousness, they experience themselves as both subject and object 6. anxiety originates from sense that their meaningfulness can be taken away
4 forms of love1. care - love devoted to the welfare of others, foundation of all other forms. 2. sex or libido 3. eros - drive to procreate 4. brotherly love/friendship
freedom of being and doingcapacity to make your own choices, and capacity to stop and think about what your options are and choosing one option over another.

Section 6

Question Answer
T or F: Popper’s criterion does NOT demand that a theory is trueTrue, poppers criterion does not.
Tor F: the criterion does imply that theories relying on observations hold any value or truthFalse, the criterion does NOT imply that theories relying on observations don’t hold any value or truth
EriksonBalance between passive and active human agency.
Horneyhuman agency as active, make free decisions, freely interpret their world and freely make the kind of mistakes. the range of personal freedom depends on whether the person develops in a healthy manner or a neurotic manner
AllportRebelled against the determinism of Freudian psychology and was also opposed to behavioral reductionism. Humanistic focus on personality. Human beings are active constructors of their lives
Maythe theorist to whom we compared the other theorists when it comes to personal freedom. He focused on will and intentionality being linked. Freedom or being and doing.