JEM 466 Midterm People and Theories

lomoyoni's version from 2016-10-03 18:15


Question Answer
Henry TajfelSocial Identity: Defined as a self-concept that is based on group membership and the emotional attachments associated
LippmanStereotypes makes sense and imposes order in our complex society; stereotypes are "pictures in our head"
GoffmanFacts have no intrinsic meaning, facts only take meaning with frames and stories. Individuals use framing to interpret information
FestingerIndividual's self-concept of how he or she looks compared to others. It's relative, and is based on abilities, attitudes, and characterisics
GerbnerTV leads audience to adopt perceptions of reality that conform to selective/distorted views portrayed by TV (TV maintaining status quo)
Cullier & RossAnalyzed American-Indian websites, found that tribes with casinos perpetuated historic relic
Dawes ActPaved way for swindlers and spectators to grab precious land that belonged to Native American tribes (led to homelessness and more, effective 'til 1931)
Stuart HallThree theoretical approaches of representation: Reflective, Intentional, Constructionist
Tean van DijkAssumes producers of media are social actors of group members (what they produce is based on mmberships)
Entmanliminality - unsettled status of Blacks in the eyes of those who produce the dominant culture and of those who consume it. Blacks and whites study on crime news stories on TV in 1990s; blacks shown as perpetrators of crime, shown in grip of police officers... in similar crimes, blacks were shown in less humanized manner
Dixon + Linz (2002)2-week period in L.A., blacks and Latinos shown as perps. Arrest figures did not equally compare with TV perception... Blacks/Latinos more than 4x likely to be shown as perps than police officers.
Dixon + Williams (2014)Blacks, whites, Latinos, Muslims study; Whites depicted on TV equally as they were arrested, blacks underrepresented as both violent + victims, Lations were more likely portrayed as immigrants, Muslims portrayed as terrorists
Sidney Poitier: most celebrated African American actor of the 1960s. broke through color barriers and eventually Won Best Actor in Lilies of Field
Fisher: Blaxploitation - film genre as one that made individuals on the fringes of society important by depicting a Super Black who challenged dominant culture and won
Gilliam, Iyengar, and Dixon: investigated local news ability to prime viewers based on race. Viewers that watched news when blacks/hispanics were on screen noted higher levels of fear and supported stiffer penalties for crimes. Viewers were also more likely to remember the face of a person on screen who was darker
Stacy Smith: did a study as USC of gender balance in Academy Award nominated films, less than 33% of characers were female, more likely to be parents especially in G or PG films, 5x more likely to be in sexually revealing clothing, almost all had love interests,

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