Jazz - Chapter 8

lcarter's version from 2016-05-20 20:35

Section 1

Question Answer
Miles Davis NonetNine piece ensemble with a three piece rhythm section
Birth of the CoolCollection of 12 Miles Davis Nonet recordings released five years after breaking up
Why is Miles Davis Nonet importantThey gave birth to cool west coast jazz
Miles Davis Nonet InfluencesClaude Thornhill Orchestra - Modeled after said big band; European classical music; Blues
Gil Evans' AssociationMiles Davis Nonet rehearsed in his apartment

Section 2

Question Answer
Modern Jazz Quartet characteristicsContrasting tension between players' styles; higher formality
Lenny TristanoPianist; Recorded first free jazz recordings; Introduced overdubbing
Gerry Mulligan QuartertPianoless quarter, forced brass to harmonize using counterpoint
Gerry MulliganBaritone saxophonist; Arranger for Claude Thornhill and Miles Davis groups
Chet BakerTrumpeter and vocalist; Influential for being a fantastic player with dazzling looks; movie star

Section 3

Question Answer
Dave BrubeckPianist; known for odd meters
Stan GetzTenor saxophonist; Bossa Nova
Time OutInfluential album known for odd meters, includes Take Five and Blue Rondo a la Turk
Getz/GilbertoSuccessful Bossa Nova LP
Joao GilbertoGuitarist and vocalist on Getz/Gilberto
Antonio Carlos JobimComposer and pianist on Getz/Gilberto
Astrud GilbertoGilberto's wife; Sang "The Girl from Ipanema" on Getz/Gilberto

Section 4

Question Answer
Art BlakeyDrummer; Hard bop musician
Jazz MessengersGroup led by Art Blakey; Defined Hard Bop sound; Developed many young musicians that went on with their own careers
Horace SilverComposer and pianist; Hard bop; Simplified but funky piano style that has been copied
Sonny RollinsTenor Saxophonist; Hard bop; Used melodic development; Would leave society to develop himself musically
Melodic DevelopmentImprove technique where soloist repeats phrase with variations
Clifford BrownTrumpeter; Blessed with natural talent and supposed to be the next big but tragically died in car accident at age 25

Section 5

Question Answer
Charles MingusBassist, Composer, and Arranger
Why is Charles Mingus compared to Duke Ellington?He was influenced by Duke and wrote a wide range of works like him. He also allowed his musicians to show off their unique talents like Ellington did.
Charles Mingus's styleMix of blues and gospel influences
Fables of FaubusMusical attack on segregationist Governor Orville Faubus of Arkansas
Goodbye Porkpie HatJazz standard in memory of Lester Young

Section 6

Question Answer
George RussellExperimental composer
Gunther SchullerCoined third stream; composer
Third StreamFusion of jazz and classical music
Cannonball AdderleyAlto saxophonist; soul jazz; Played with Miles Davis

Section 7

Question Answer
Bill EvansPianist; Influenced by French impressionism
Bill Evans TrioOne of the most important jazz trios; recorded two live jazz albums; death of bassist only 11 days after recording
Sunday at the Village VanguardInfluential Bill Evans Trio album


Question Answer
BoplicityMiles Davis Nonet; Birth of the Cool; pre-arranged orchestration; Gil Evans arrangement
CorcovadoStan Getz and Joao Gilberto; Getz/Gilberto; Brazilian bossa nova; Cool style; Astrud Gilberto vocals
Backstage SallyArt Blakey and The Jazz Messengers; Wayne Shorter arranger; Curtis Fuller trombonist; Hard bop
Boogie Stop ShuffleCharles Mingus Septet; Mingus Ah Um; 12-bar blues; emotionalism; apocalyptic; Jazz workshop
City of GlassStan Kenton Orchestra; third stream; impressionist; Graettinger was very weird
MilestonesBill Evans Trio; Waltz for Debby; Modal jazz; AABA; Composition by Miles Davis
So WhatMiles Davis Sextet; Kind of Blue; impressionistic; call-and-response; modal 32-bar AABA; first take

Section 9

Question Answer
Central AvenueStreet in southern Los Angeles that became home to many jazz clubs
CoolBased out of west coast; more relaxed than bebop
Hard bopAfrican American reaction to cool; Combination of bebop and R&B
Third StreamMerging of jazz and classical music
Soul JazzLike Hard bop, but heavier on the R&B, gospel, blues, and funk influences
Modal JazzFocus is on modes rather than chord progressions

Section 8