Japanese Vocabulary4

Updated 2007-06-11 09:26
舞い込む【まいこむ】 (v5m,vi) to drop in; to happen to
消耗品【しょうもうひん】 (n) consumable goods
勘弁【かんべん】 (n,vs) pardon; forgiveness; forbearance
兆候(P); 徴候(P)【ちょうこう】 (n) sign; indication; omen; symptom; (P
情け知らず; 情知らず【なさけしらず】 (n) coldhearted; pitiless
旅は道連れ世は情け【たびはみちづれよはなさけ】 (exp) just as it is reassuring to have a companion when traveling, it is important for us to care for each other as we pass through this life
小賢しい【こざかしい】 (adj) clever; shrewd; crafty; cunning; pretentious
事々しい; 事事しい【ことごとしい】 (adj) bombastic; pretentious; exaggerated
見栄をはる【みえをはる】 (exp) to be pretentious; to put on airs
採取【さいしゅ】 (n,vs) picking; collecting; harvesting
死活【しかつ】 (n,vs) life and-or death
揉める【もめる】 (v1,vi) to disagree; to dispute
鎮火【ちんか】 (n,vs) extinguished
一貫性【いっかんせい】 (n) consistency
収容【しゅうよう】 (n,vs) (1) accommodation; reception; housing; (2) seating; (3) custody; (4) admission; (5) entering (in a dictionary)
適宜【てきぎ】 (adj-na,n-adv) suitability
避難所【ひなんじょ】 (n) place of refuge; shelter
隠れ家【かくれが】 (n) hiding place; refuge
戒名【かいみょう】 (n) posthumous Buddhist name name given after one is dead
隠れ家【かくれが】 (n) hiding place; refuge
築く【きずく】 (v5k,vt) to build; to pile up; to amass;
縮む【ちぢむ】 (v5m,vi) to shrink; to contract; to diminish (in size);
横這い【よこばい(P); ヨコバイ】 (n,vs) (1) (よこばい only) sidewise crawl (e.g., of a crab); crawling sideways;
行き詰まる【いきづまる】 (v5r) to reach the limits; to come to the end of one's tether
急須 急須とは、葉茶を入れ湯を注いで煎じ出す、取っ手のついた小さな器。 急須の語源・由来
矢鱈【やたら】 (adj-na,adv,adv-to) (uk) at random
遠退く; 遠のく【とおのく】 (v5k,vi) to become distant; to recede
After the rain comes a rainbow.雨の後に虹が出る。悪いことの後には必ずいいことがある。
雲にも明るいへりはあるevery cloud has a silver lining
崩す【くずす】 (v5s,vt) to destroy; to pull down; to make change (money)
水疱瘡【みずぼうそう】 (n) chicken pox
麻疹【はしか; ましん】 (n) measles
阿多福風邪; お多福風邪【おたふくかぜ】 (n) mumps, parrotitis
大目に見る【おおめにみる】 (exp) to tolerate; to condone; to overlook; to let pass
値(P); 価【あたい(値; 価)(P); ね(値)】 (n,adj-no,vs) (1) {comp} value; price; cost; worth; merit; (2) variable (computer programming, programing)
厳密にいえば【げんみつにいえば】 (n) strictly speaking
食べ物を控える【たべものをひかえる】 (exp) to be temperate in eating
馬を控える【うまをひかえる】 (exp) to hold back a horse
別の間に控える【べつのまにひかえる】 (exp) to wait in another room
手控える【てびかえる】 (v1,vt) (1) to hang (hold) back; to hold off; to refrain; to reduce or cut back on; (2) to jot down a note
電話番号を控える【でんわばんごうをひかえる】 (exp) to jot down a phone number
査読【さどく】 (n,vs) investigative reading; research
気合い負け【きあいまけ】 (n) being overawed
まず隗より始めよ【まずかいよりはじめよ】 (exp) he who first suggests it should be the first to do it
気負う【きおう】 (v5u,vi) to get worked up; to be eager (enthusiastic); to rouse oneself
傷を負う【きずをおう】 (exp) to be injured; to sustain a wound
負う【おう】 (v5u,vt) to bear; to owe;
一本背負い【いっぽんぜおい】 (n) one-armed shoulder throw (judo or sumo)
背負い投げ【せおいなげ; しょいなげ】 (n) back or shoulder throw; betrayal
気負い立つ【きおいたつ】 (v5t) to rouse oneself; to psyche oneself up
負い目【おいめ】 (n) indebtedness; unfulfilled promise; drawback;
手負い【ておい】 (n) wounded
出っ張る【でっぱる】 (v5r,vi) to project; to stand out; to jut out; to protrude
出っ張り【でっぱり】 (n) tumor; tumour; protrusion
稍重【ややおも】 (n,adj-no) slightly heavy (esp. horse-racing track)
ややあって(exp) after a little while; presently
【やや】 (adv) (uk) a little; partially; somewhat; a short time; a while;
付箋【ふせん】 (n) tag; slip; label, post it!
決済【けっさい】 (n,vs) settlement; liquidation;
委縮(P); 萎縮【いしゅく】 (adj-na,n) withering; atrophy; contraction; dwarf;
鷲掴み【わしづかみ】 (n) grabbing hold
事欠かない【ことかかない】 (adj) having an abundance
有志【ゆうし】 (n) voluntary; volunteer; sympathizer; sympathiser;
募る【つのる】 (v5r) (1) to invite contributions, etc.; to solicit help, participation, etc.; to recruit (e.g., soldiers); (2) to grow violent; to become stronger; to become worse
嗾ける【けしかける】 (v1,vt) (uk) to instigate; to incite; to spur on
相違【そうい】 (n,vs) difference; discrepancy; variation;
肝心(P); 肝腎【かんじん】 (adj-na,n) essential; fundamental; crucial; vital; main
醸し出す【かもしだす】 (v5s,vt) to engender; to bring about

Part 2


漂流【ひょうりゅう】 (n,vs) drifting; drift;
彷彿; 髣髴【ほうふつ】 (n,vs,adj-t,adv-to) close resemblance
持ち寄る【もちよる】 (v5r,vi) to gather (bringing something); to gather (to exchange something)
前倒し【まえだおし】 (n) acceleration (of payment schedule); (P)
心当たりがない; 心当たりが無い こころあたりがない(exp) having no idea; having no clue
延命息災【えんめいそくさい】 (n) health and longevity; enjoying a long and healthy life being untouched by disaster
延命治療【えんめいちりょう】 (n) life-prolonging treatment
延命【えんめい】 (n) (1) long life; longevity; (2) macrobiotics; (P)
意思疎通(P); 意志疎通(iK)【いしそつう】 (n) (coming to a) mutual understanding; understanding each other;
意志の疎通【いしのそつう】 (n) agreement of wills
疎通【そつう】 (n,vs) (1) (mutual) understanding; communication; (2) removal of blockage (esp. medical); drainage; 努力は必ずしも報われるものではない。
家路【いえじ】 (n) the road home
一日路【いちにちじ】 (n) day's journey
五十路【いそじ】 (n) 50 years; age fifty
減り張り【めりはり】 (n) modulation (of voice)
酷似【こくじ】 (n,vs) resemblance; resemble
八面玲瓏【はちめんれいろう(uK)】 (n,adj-na,adj-no,adj-t,adv-to) (arch) beautiful from all sides; perfect serenity; affability
八方美人【はっぽうびじん】 (n) one who is affable to everybody; a flunky; person beautiful from all angles; everybody's friend
伸縮【しんしゅく】 (n,vs) expansion and contraction; elasticity; flexibility;
俊足(P); 駿足【しゅんそく】 (n) (1) swift horse; fleet steed; fast runner; (2) talented person; brilliant person;
煩わしい【わずらわしい】 (adj) troublesome; annoying; complicated
相思相愛【そうしそうあい】 (n) mutual love
一目惚れ【ひとめぼれ】 (n,vs) to be taken with someone at first sight (similar to "love at first sight", but not as strong)
老いらくの恋(oiraku no koi, elderly romance).
恋煩い【こいわずらい】 (n,vs) lovesickness
恋焦がれる こいこがれる(v1) to yearn for; to be deeply in love with
惚れ薬【ほれぐすり】 (n) love potion; philter
恋々として; 恋恋としてれんれんとして (exp) fondly; longingly
横恋慕【よこれんぼ】 (n,vs) illicit love
継承【けいしょう】 (n,vs) inheritance; succession; accession
妬む【ねたむ】 (v5m,vt) to be jealous; to be envious;
反目嫉視【はんもくしっし】 (n,vs) jealousy and enmity; being jealous of and at odds with (each other)
嫉妬深い【しっとぶかい】 (adj) deep jealousy
嫉妬【しっと】 (n,vs) jealousy
積ん読【つんどく】 (n) buying books and not reading them
伝道師【でんどうし】 (n) evangelist
断然【だんぜん】 (n,adj-t,adv-to) firmly; absolutely; definitely
滅ぶ; 亡ぶ【ほろぶ】 (v5b) (See 滅びる) to be ruined; to go under; to perish; to be destroyed
滅びて行く民族; 亡びて行く民族【ほろびていくみんぞく】 (n) dying race
識別子【しきべつし】 (n) identifier
滑舌【かつぜつ】 (n) speaking one's lines smoothly; reciting one's lines well
一目置く【いちもくおく】 (v5k) to take off one's hat to a person; to acknowledge anothers superiority; to give a piece or stone
一目十行【いちもくじゅうぎょう】 (n) outstanding reading ability (lit: one glance, ten lines)
一目瞭然【いちもくりょうぜん】 (adj-na,n) apparent; obvious; very clear
七変化【しちへんげ; シチヘンゲ】 (n) (1) (See ランタナ) (uk) lantana (plant, flower); (2) Kabuki dance in which the dancer quickly changes his clothes seven times; (3) character from Cutie Honey (anime); (4) Yamato Nadeshiko Shichihenge (anime, manga title); (5) Shichihenge Tanuki Goten (1954 movie)
お墨付き; 御墨付き【おすみつき】 (n) certificate; certified document; authorization; authorisation; paper with signature of the shogun or lord
氷山の一角【ひょうざんのいっかく】 (n) the tip of an iceberg
大海一滴【たいかいいってき】 (n) a drop in the ocean (bucket)
金魚の糞【きんぎょのふん; きんぎょのうんこ】 (n) (id) a person who tags along (lit: goldfish droppings); hanger-on; a person who follows someone around like a shadow; clingy person
納期【のうき】 (n) appointed day of delivery; time for payment
絶句【ぜっく】 (n,vs) become speechless;
一瞬絶句【いっしゅんぜっく】 (n,vs) breaking off short (in one's speech); rendered speechless for a moment
五言絶句【ごごんぜっく】 (n) poem of four lines, each of five (Chinese) characters
七言絶句【しちごんぜっく】 (n) poem of four lines, each of seven (Chinese) characters
凡そ【およそ】 (adv,n) (uk) about; roughly; as a rule; approximately;
凡その見当【およそのけんとう】 (n) rough estimation
凡そ無意味だ【およそむいみだ】 (n) be quite meaningless
発覚【はっかく】 (n,vs) detection; coming to light;
喜怒哀楽 |【きどあいらく】 (n) human emotions (joy, anger, pathos, and humor) (humour);
Question Answer
花鳥風月   【かちょうふうげつ】 (n) (1) (See 花鳥諷詠) beauties of nature; (2) artistic pursuits involving nature themes