Japanese Time

hunterofevil's version from 2015-07-05 17:32

Telling Time

This page helps you learn the times of a clock and the days and months



Question Answer
一時 (ichiji)1:00
二時 (niji)2:00
三時 (sanji)3:00
四時 (yoji)4:00
五時 (goji)5:00
六時 (rokuji)6:00
七時 (shichiji)7:00
八時 (hachiji)8:00
九時 (kuji)9:00
十時 (jūji)10:00
十一時 (jūichiji)11:00
十二時 (jūniji)12:00


Please remember that 4:00 and 9:00 are pronounced 'yoji' and 'kuji'.



Question Answer
一分 (ippun)1 minute
二分 (nifun)2 minutes
三分 (sanpun)3 minutes
四分 (yonpun)4 minutes
五分 (gofun)5 minutes
六分 (roppun)6 minutes
七分 (nanafun)7 minutes
八分 (happun)8 minutes
九分 (kyūfun)9 minutes
十分 (jūppun)10 minutes
十五分 (jūgofun)15 minutes
半 (han)half past
四十五分 (yonjūgofun)45 minutes


Please remember the correct pronounciation of 1, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 15 minutes. These end in 'pun' instead of 'fun'.
半 (han) can also be written 三十分, or 'sanjūppun', though 半 is more common.



Question Answer
一月 (ichigatsu)January
二月 (nigatsu)Febuary
三月 (sangatsu)March
四月 (shigatsu)April
五月 (gogatsu)May
六月 (rokugatsu)June
七月 (shichigatsu)July
八月 (hachigatsu)Augest
九月 (kugatsu)September
十月 (jūgatsu)October
十一月 (jūichigatsu)November
十二月 (jūnigatsu)December


There is a pattern to the months. It is just number + 月 (gatsu). Remember that April is 'shigatsu', and September is 'kugatsu'. They are the exceptions to the pattern.
'Shichi' is another way to say 7, which is why it is used for July.


The first ten days follow no special pattern and need to be memorized. Afterwards, there is an easy pattern to follow, which is number + nichi. There are a few exceptions to this pattern.


Question Answer
一日 (suitachi)1st
二日 (futsuka)2nd
三日 (mikka)3rd
四日 (yokka)4th
五日 (itsuka)5th
六日 (muika)6th
七日 (nanoka)7th
八日 (yōka)8th
九日 (kokonoka)9th
十日 (tōka)10th
十四日 (jūyōka)14th
二十日 (hatsuka)20th
二十四か (nijūyōka)24th

Days of the Week


Question Answer
月曜日 (getsuyoubi)Monday
火曜日 (kayoubi)Tuesday
水曜日 (suiyoubi)Wednesday
木曜日 (mokuyoubi)Thursday
金曜日 (kinyoubi)Friday
土曜日 (doyoubi)Saturday
日曜日 (nichiyoubi)Sunday


Each prefix is the Chinese kanji reading for a word combined with 'youbi', which means day of the week. 月 (getsu) means moon. 火 (ka) means fire. 水 (sui) is water. 木 (moku) is wood. 金 (kin) is gold. 土 (do) means Earth, and 日(nichi) means sun.
A common slang term for Saturday and Sunday is 土日 (donichi), which is both prefixes together.