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IYB 4 Agriculture

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santhoshv339's version from 2017-03-04 19:30

Section

Question Answer
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) has an approved outlay for a period of ?50,000 crore for a period of 5 years (2015-16 to 2019-20)
What is the major objective of PMKSY ?achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level, expand cultivable area under irrigation, improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water, enhance the adoption of precision irrigation and other water saving technologies (more crop per drop), enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices, etc
Which departments and ministries have been provisioned amounts under PMKSY ?Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Department of Land Resources, Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation
The Kisan Credit Card Scheme is in operation in which states of India ?throughout the country
The Kisan Credit Card Scheme is implemented by ?Commercial Banks, Cooperative Banks and Regional Rural Banks
What is the objective of Kisan Credit Card Scheme ?Augmenting credit flow for agricultural activities - broad-based to include term credit and consumption needs
Has KCC been converted in to a ATM enabled debit card with one-time documentation, built-in cost escalation in the limit, any number of drawals within the limit ?yes
National Crop Insurance Programme (NCIP) includes component schemes of ?Modified National Agricultural Scheme (MNAIS), Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS) and Coconut Palm Insurance Scheme (CPIS)
Which scheme which was to be withdrawn after implementation of NCIP from rabi 2013-14 has been extended further upto 2015-16 ?National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS)
Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) has been approved for implementation from ?kharif 2016
Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) has been approved for implementation along with ?pilot Unified Package Insurance Scheme (UPIS) and restructured Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS)
Under the PMFBY a uniform maximum premium of how much percent will be paid by farmers for Kharif crops ?2%
Under the PMFBY a uniform maximum premium of how much percent will be paid by farmers for Rabi crops ?1.5%
Under the PMFBY a uniform maximum premium of how much percent will be paid by farmers for annual commercial and horticultural crops ?5%
Under the PMFBY balance premium will be paid by the ?Government
Under PMFBY farmers are insured for how much % of loss ?Full amount
What is the objective of Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices ?evolving a balanced and integrated price structure, is mandated to advise on the price policy (MSP) of 23 crops
What are the 23 crops ?seven cereal crops (paddy, wheat, jowar, bajra, maize, ragi and barley), five pulse crops (gram, tur, moong, urad and lentil), seven oilseeds (groundnut, sunflower seed, soyabean, rapeseed—mustard, safflower, niger seed and sesamum), copra (dried coconut), coon, raw jute and sugarcane fair and remunerative prices (FRP) instead of MSPÀ
While recommending MSPs/FRP, CACP is called upon to ensure thatthe production patterns are broadly in line with the overall needs (demand) of the economy
CACP submits its recommendations to the government in the form of price policy reports every year, separately for five groups of commodities namelykharif crops, rabi crops, sugarcane, raw jute and copra.
Before preparing these five pricing policy reports, the Commission seeks views of ?various state governments, concerned national organizations and ministries
Is cost of production the only determinant of MSP ?No It is an important determinant but demand supply, price trends in the market, both domestic and international, intercrop price parity, terms of trade between agricultural and non-agricultural sectors, likely implications of MSP on consumers of that product, besides ensuring optimal utilization of natural resources like land and water are also used
Agricultural research and education in India is spearheaded by ?the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)
ICAR an autonomous organization is under the Department of ?Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare
Proposed Indian Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology (IIAB) will be at ?Ranchi
Proposed National Research Centre on Integrated Farming at Motihari will be at ?Bihar
The ICAR in a major exercise revised the mandates of all the institutes by formulating the ?Vision-2050 documents
Land resource inventory was prepared taking Landscape Ecological Unit (LEU) consisting of ?landforms, land use and slope as the base map
Land resource inventory was done on a scale of ?1:10,000 scale
Electronic atlas of water resources was developed for states namely ?Odisha and Himachal Pradesh
Which major ravines were recovered ?Mahi ravines at Vasad (Gujarat), Chambal ravines at Kota (Rajasthan), and Yamuna ravines at Agra (Uttar Pradesh)
What was evaluaed to mitigate dry spells during crop growing season across diverse rainfed agroecologies ?Foliar sprays with various chemicalsFoliar sprays with various chemicals
Which organism can improved yield of maize and soyabean ?Arthrobacter
wheat yield can be improved with ?actinomycetes - Rhizobacteria and Arthrobacter
Which tool model is used to estimate emission of GHGs, integrates several globally determined empirical GHG quantification models ?Cool Farm model
Which cropping system registered highest carbon management index ?maize-wheat cropping
The cumulative seasonal methane emission is less in which - aerobic rice or continously flooded rice method ?aerobic and seasonal emissions were lower in slow-release N fertilizer
The National Agricultural Science Fund (NASF), established tosupport basic and strategic research in agriculture, beside supporting, reviewing, monitoring and evaluation of the ongoing projects also initiated funding of new projects which were in the process of evaluation
The only living wild-buffalo cloned was from ?Chhattisgarh
Garole sheep is found in ?Sundarban region of West Bengal
Malpura sheep is found in ?Rajasthan
Patanwadi sheep is found in ?Gujarat
Gir cow is found in ?Saurashtra region of Gujarat State
Kankrej cow is found in ?Gujarat
Sahiwal cow is found in ?Punjab region
Foot and mouth disease (FMD) commonly affectsbovine ie cow related - cloven-hoofed animals
Peste des Petits Ruminants affectsgoats and sheep
Avian influenza affects ?Birds
Central Disease Monitoring Unit is inDADF at New Delhi
What is the status of India with regards to Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP) infection freedeclared free if infection by World Animal Health Organization (OIE)
What is the status of India with regards to Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) or mad cow disease ?Country having negligible risk
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