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IYB 24 - Urban Development

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santhoshv339's version from 2017-03-19 15:08

Urban Development

Question Answer
Components of Swachh Bharatsanitation facilities including toilets, solid and liquid waste disposal systems, village cleanliness and safe and adequate drinking water supply
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is implemented byMinistry of Drinking Water and Sanitation
Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) evolutionCentral Rural Sanitation Programme (CRSP) in 1986, 1999, a “demand driven” “Total Sanitation Campaign” (TSC), 2012 “Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan”
Sanitation is a state or Union subject ?state
Rural drinking water supply is a state or Union subject ?State and is also included in the Eleventh Schedule of the Constitution amongst the subjects that may be entrusted to Panchayats by the states
Government of India’s major intervention in water sector evolution - 1972-73Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP) for assisting states/UTs to accelerate the coverage of drinking water supply in ‘problem villages’
Government of India’s major intervention in water sector evolution - 1986Renamed in 1991 as Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission(RGNDWM) - A Technology Mission with stress on water quality, appropriate technology intervention, human resource development support and other related activities
Government of India’s major intervention in water sector evolution - 1999-2000Involve the community in planning, implementation and management of drinking water schemes which was in 2002 scaled up as the Swajaldhara programme
Swajaldhara programme was revised in 2009 and named asNational Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP)
Bharat Nirman 6 components irrigation, roads (Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana), housing (Indira Awaas Yojana), water supply (National Rural Drinking Water Programme), electrification (Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana) and telecommunication connectivity
The National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) 12 citiesAjmer, Amaravati, Amritsar,Badami, Dwarka, Gaya, Kanchipuram, Mathura, Puri, Varanasi, Velankanni and Warangal
JNNURM ministryMinistry of Urban Development
Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission targets65 select cities
JnNURM primarily incorporates two sub-missions which areSub-Mission for Urban Infrastructure and Governance administered by the Ministry of Urban Development and Sub-Mission for Basic Services to the Urban Poor (BSUP) administered by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation
Sub-Mission for Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme (IHSDP) administered byMinistry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MHUPA)
Towns which do not fall under JNNURM canare eligible for funding under Urban Infrastructure Development for Small and Medium Towns Scheme (UIDSSMT)
Urban Infrastructure Development for Small and Medium Towns Scheme (UIDSSMT) is administered by Ministry of Urban Development
AMRUTAtal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation
AMRUT scheme typeCentrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS)
AMRUT objectiveImprove basic urban infrastructure in 500 cities/ towns which would be known as Mission cities/ towns
AMRUT target areas It aims to cover all cities and towns with a population of over one lakh with notified Municipalities, including Cantonment Boards (Civilian areas) and certain other cities like capital towns, some cities on stem of main rivers and tourist and hill destinations
AMRUT componentsWater supply,sewage connection, greenery, reduce pollution, States as equal partners
Smart Cities Mission scheme typeCentrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS)
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