IYB 24 Rural development

santhoshv339's version from 2017-03-19 18:20

Rural Development part 1

Question Answer
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) beneficiariesevery rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work
Split of MNREGA works32 per cent for water conservation, 28 per cent for the provision of irrigation facility on land owned by SC/ST/BPL and IAY beneficiaries, 12 per cent for rural connectivity and 6 per cent for land development
Aajeevika or NRLM ObjectiveAims at mobilizing all rural poor household into Self Help Groups (SHGs) in a phased manner aims at supporting all women SHGs of the poor, including those promoted by other state agencies and NonGovernmental Organizations (NGOs)
The government has decided to set up one Rural Self Employment Training Institute (RSETI) ineach district of the country
RSETIs are an initiative ofBanks with active support of state government
Under RSETIs the contribution of Union government is ?One time infrastructure support of Rupees one crore besides reimbursing the cost of training rural poor candidates
Under RSETIs the contribution of state government is ?providing land free of cost or at nominal charges and the banks are responsible for day to day functioning of the RSETI
What is the core strength of RSETIShort term training and long term handholding to the rural entrepreneurs for setting up micro enterprises
Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP) is a subcomponent ofNRLM
MKSP objectiveTo meet the specific needs of women farmers and achieve their socio-economic and technical empowerment predominantly small and marginal
Start-up Village Entrepreneurship Programme (SVEP) objective under NRLMto provide the supported enterprises with business skills, exposure, loan for starting and business support during the first critical six months of the enterprises by using the NRLM SHGs and their federations
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana scheme typecentrally sponsored scheme - to assist the states, though rural roads are in the state list as per the Constitution
The primary objective of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojanaprovide connectivity by way of an all-weather road to the reliable unconnected habitations as per core network with a population of 500 persons (as per 2001 census) and above in plan areas, and 250 persons in case of ‘Special Category States’ (North-East, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttarakhand), the desert areas, the tribal (Schedule V) areas and 88 selected tribal and backward districts as identified by the Ministry of Home Affairs/ Planning Commission
Is there a privision under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana to ensure full farm-to-market connectivity ?Yes there is a provision for upgradation of the existing “Through Routes” and major rural links to prescribed standards though it is not central to the programme

Rural Development part 2

Question Answer
Indira Awaas Yojana Rural Housing scheme ministryRural Development
Indira Awaas Yojana Rural Housing scheme objectiveProviding houses to families below the poverty line (BPL) in rural areas
IAY has been restructured toPradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana-Gramin (PMAY-G)
Identification of beneficiaries for PMAY-G is based onSocio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC 2011) data
Beneficiaries of PMAY-GHouseholds that are houseless or living in houses with kutcha walls and kutcha roof with two rooms or less after excluding households falling under the automatic exclusion category
DDU-GKY ministryRural Development
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya - Grameen Kaushalya Yojana ministryMinistry of Rural Development
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya - Grameen Kaushalya Yojana ministry objectiveSkill development
DDU-GKY featuresthe first to notify standard operating procedures for training, and the first to introduce IT solutions for skilling, including mandatory tablets for trainees, Aadhar-linked biometric information on attendance, and geo-tagged time-stamped record of training centres and classes
DDU-GKY has its roots in which schemeSwarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)
SGSY was formed by the restructuring of Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) in 1999
In 2010, SGSY was restructured asNational Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM), also known as Aajeevika Skills
Aajeevika Skills was futher announced asDDU-GKY
DDU-GKY ObjectiveFocus on providing opportunities through skilling for rural poor youth in domestic and global jobs
DDU-GKY target beneficiariesRural youth from poor families, in the age group of 15 to 35 years, belonging to (a) MGNREGA worker household in which household members have together completed 15 days of work; (b) RSBY household; (c) Antyodaya Anna Yojana card household; (d) BPL PDS card households; (e) NRLM-SHG household; and (f) Household covered under auto inclusion parameters of SECC 2011.
Is there a provision for SC/ST , women and persons with disabilities in DDU-GKY ?Yes - Mandatory coverage of socially disadvantaged groups- 50 per cent allocation to SC/ST groups, 15 per cent to minorities and 33 per cent for women and 3 per cent for persons with disabilities.
How is regional inclusion of Youth of Jammu and Kashmir enabled ?Through a special subscheme called Himayat in J & k-
How is regional inclusion of Youth of Left-Wing Extremist (LWE) districts across nine states enabled ?Through a special subscheme called Roshni
How much percent of DDU-GKY’s capital investment is reserved for projects from North-East region10 percent
Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) was launched during the birth anniversary ofLoknayak Jayaprakash Narayan.
The goal of Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) isTo translate this comprehensive and organic vision of Mahatma Gandhi into reality, keeping in view the present context - ie community participation(Jan Bhagidar) - swaraj to su-raj
How many Adarsh grams are to be chosen by MPs ?three
Is Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) a infrastructure centered scheme ?No - its about holistic development of the village - convergence of the resources of various Centrally Sponsored and Central Sector Schemes - creating Village Development Plan
The Natural Land Reforms Modernization Programme has been renamed asDigital India Land Records Modernization Programme (DILRMP)
National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) ministryMinistry of Drinking Water and Sanitation
Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) ministryMinistry of Drinking Water and Sanitation
The National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) Scheme typeCentrally sponsored scheme
The National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) is a component ofBharat Nirman which focuses on the creation of rural infrastructure

Social Assistance

Question Answer
Which article of Constitution of India directs the State to provide public assistance to its citizens in case of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement ?Article 41
At present, NSAP comprises of which programmes ? Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS), Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS), Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS), National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS) and Annapurna
Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme beneficiaries300/- per month is provided to widows belonging to BPL households in the age group of 40-79 years - After attaining the age of 80 years, the beneficiary is shifted to IGNOAPS for getting pension/assistance of 500/- per month
Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS) beneficiaries300/- per month is provided to persons with severe or multiple disabilities belonging to BPL households in the age group of 18-79 years. After attaining the age of 80 years, the beneficiary is shifted to IGNOAPS for getting pension/assistance of 500/- per month
National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS) goalsUnder the scheme one time assistance of 20,000/- is provided to the bereaved BPL family in the case of death of primary breadwinner in the age group 18-59 years
Annapurna goals10 kgs. of foodgrains per month is provided free of cost to the beneficiaries who are though eligible but remain uncovered under the erstwhile National Old Age Pension Scheme
NSAP scheme typeCentrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) and funds are released by the Ministry of Rural Development to states/UTs scheme-wise
NSAP is being implemented mainly bySocial Welfare Department in the states

Ministry of Panchayati Raj

Question Answer
Ministry of Panchayati Raj wasd formed to ensure compliance ofProvisions of Part IX of the Constitution, provisions regarding the district Planning Committees as per Article 243 ZD and PESA
According to constitution of India in which states 2 tier panchayat system may be created ?states with population less than 20 lakh
What is Gram SabhaAll the electors in a Village Panchayat
The Constitution provides that seats and offices of chairpersons be reserved for the Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) in proportion totheir respective population, and not less than one third seats and offices of chairpersons be reserved for women, including within SC and ST reservations
Which institution is vested with the superintendence, direction and control of the preparation of electoral rolls and the conduct of elections to the Panchayats by the constitution ?State Election Commissions (SECs)
The Constitution further provides that State Finance Commissions (SFCs) be constituted everyfive years
Who makes recommendations to the Governor regarding the distribution between the State and Panchayats of the net proceeds of taxes, duties, toll, fees, etc., the determination of taxes, duties, tolls and fees which may be assigned to, or appropriated by, the Panchayats, and grantsin-aid to the Panchayats from the Consolidated Fund of the State, as well as measures needed to improve the financial position of Panchayats ?State Finance Commission
Powers to impose taxes by the provision of funds to the Panchayats are determined byState
The powers of Gram Sabhas are decided byStates
Rajiv Gandhi Panchayat Sashaktikaran Abhiyan ObjectiveTo improve the functioning of PRIs by addressing the major constraints of inadequate devolution of powers, lack of manpower, inadequate infrastructure and accountability
Funds received under the Central Component of Rajiv Gandhi Panchayat Sashaktikaran Abhiyan were primarily meant forsupporting states to meet their capacity building obligations under Fourteenth Finance Commission (FFC) Award particularly training support for Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP)
Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan Objective help Panchayati Raj Institutions to develop governance capabilities to deliver on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
RGSA sub-schemesa. capacity building; b. mission mode project on e-panchayat; c. ATM services in panchayat bhawans; and d. incentivization ofpanchayats
Reading materials for Gram Panchayats developed under “Strengthening Capacities of Panchayati Raj Institutions” (SCPRI) project is supported byUnited Nations Development Programme
The states are provided financial support for manpower, computers and capacity building for the implementation of e-Panchayat through the Pachayat Ministry’s scheme?Rajiv Gandhi Panchayat Sashaktikaran Abhiyan (RGPSA) Scheme RGPSA (Under restructuring to Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA)
Has FFC recommended grants to Non-Part IX areas under Schedule VI in Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura and Assam, the areas in the hill districts of Manipur, rural areas ofNagaland and Mizoram ?No
The states are to distribute the grants to Gram Panchayats as perapproved formula recommended in the latest State Finance Commission (SFC) report - However, in the absence of SFC formula, grant should be distributed using population of 2011 Census with a weight of 90 per cent and area with a weight of 10 per cent
Which two important Applications under e-Panchayat Mission Mode Project (MMP) that foster transparency and accountability in Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) was created by Panchayat ministry for adoption by the states ?PRIASoft (web based Panchayat accounting software) and Plan Plus (web based participatory planning software)
Article 243 ZD of the Constitution mandates the setting up ofDistrict Planning Committees (DPCs) in every district, to consolidate the plans prepared by the Panchayats and Municipalities in the district and to prepare the draft development plan for the entire district.