Iv aseptic terms

zofunohe's version from 2015-10-03 19:58

Section 1

Question Answer
AcidDescribes a substance that increases the concentration of hydrogen ions (lowers the ph); an acidic substance is called an acid
AdditiveAny drug or component added to an Iv solution
AdmixtureAn Iv solution with at least one medication added to it
AreosolizationA process resulting in a suspension of small particles (liquid or powder) in the air
AlbuminThe protein of the highest concentration in plasma
AlkalineDescribes a substance that decreases the concentration of hydrogen ions (raises the ph); an alkaline substance is called a base
Amino acidAny organic acid containing one or more amino groups (n- NH 2) and one or more carboxyl groups (COOH); amino acid are the building blocks of proteins
Ampule A sealed glass container containing sterile injectible medicarion
Ante areaAn ISO class 8 or better where personnel hand washing and garbing procedures, staging of component, order entry compounding sterile product labeling, and other high particulate generating activities are performed
AntibacterialAn agent that destroys bacteria
AntibioticA substance produced by a livin organism capable of killing or inhibiting the growth of another microorganism
AnticogulantAn agent that prevents or delays the clotting of blood
AntimicrobialAn agent or action that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms
Antineoplastic A drug intended to inhibit or prevent the maturation and proliferation of neoplasms that may become malignant
AsepsisPrevention of microbial contamination of living tissue or sterile materials by excluding, removing, or killing microorganisms
Aseptic Free from infection or septic materials; sterile
Aseptic technique The method used to manipulate sterile products so they remain sterile
Autoclave A steam sterilizer consisting of a metal chamber constructed to withstand the pressure that is required to raise the temperature of steam to the level required for sterilization

Section 2

Question Answer
BacteriocidalAn agent capable of killing bacteria
BacteriostaticCapable of inhibiting the growth or reproduction of bacteria
BarrelPart of syringe that is marked with calibration to designate the amount of liquid it contains
Batch preperation The compounding of multiple sterile product units in a single process by rhe same individuals during one time period
Bevel The tip of the needle
Beyond use date (BUD)The date or time after which a compounded sterile product should not be stored or transported
BolusAn initial dose of medication or solution; usually a dose higher then the maintenance dose; also called loading dose
Buffer area An area where the primary engineering control is physically located

Section 3

Question Answer
Central line IV access directly through a central blood vessel
Chemo pinVery similar to a dispensing pin; however, the vented area of a chemo pin has a special filter to reduce any areosolization of chemotherapy product
Closed system transferThe movement of sterile product from one container to another in which the containers, closure system, and transfer devices remain intact throughout the entire transfer process
Continuous infusion Larger volume of solution (250 ml or more) infused at a constant rate over a longer administration time
CoringThe breaking off a part of the rubber stopper of a vile due to improper needle stick
DecompensateTo fail to maintain adequate flow or amounts
Desiccation The act of dehydrating water content
Electrolyte Primary elements necessary for the proper function of the tissues of the human body(potassium,sodium, magnesium
EnteralA method of nutrient delivery in which medication is given directly into the gastrointestinal tract
Enzymes Complex proteins that cause a specific chemical change in other substances without being changed themselves
HeparinA sulfated mucopolysaccharide found in granules of mast cells that inhibits the actions of thrombin on fibrinogen by potentiating anrithrombins thereby interfering with the blood clotting cascade; platelet factor 4 will neutralize heperin
Hub Bottom part of the needle, used to attach needle to syringe. Must stay sterile
Hypertonic hypotonicGreater or lower concentration of dissolved substances than that of body fluid or blood cells; a solution with a concentration greater or lower than 0.9% saline or greater or lower than 5% dextrose; any solution with greater or lower osmotic pressure than that of human blood serum
EpiduralInjection directly into the epidural space or the space between the spinal cord and vertebrae
IntrathecalInjection directly into the Intrathecal space surrounding the spinal cord

Section 4

Question Answer
Intravenous push (IVP)Small volume injection (10ml) directly into vein
Iso-osmoticHaving the same osmotic pressure
IsotonicDescribes a solution in which body cells can be bathed without net flow of water across the semipermeable cell membrane; also describes a solution with the same toxicity as another solution
LyophilizedDescribes a medication that comes in the form of freezed dried powered; it must be reconstituted before uses
Media-fill test Used to qualify aseptic techniques by the compounding personnel or processes and to ensure that the processes used are able to produce sterile products without contamination
NeonateA newborn baby
OsmolalityThe concentration of solute in a solution per unit of solvent; commonly expressed as milliosmoles per kilogram
OsmosisThe tendency of a solvent to pass through a semipermeable Membrane (such as the cell walls) into a aolution of higher concentration to equalize concentrations on both sides of the membrane
PhlebitiesInflammation of the veins
Process validationMicrobiological simulation of an aseptic process with growth medium processed in a manner similar to the processing of the product and with the same container or closed system
Quality assurance The set of activities used to ensure that the processes used in the preparation of steril drug products lead to products that meet predetermine standards of quality
Quality controlThe set of testing activities used determine that the ingredients, components (such as containers) and final sterile products prepared meet predetermined requirements for identity, purity,nonpyrogenicity, and sterility
ShadowingThe act of blocking airflow in the BSC
Specific gravity The weight of the substance compared (as a ratio) with that of an equal volume of water
TeratogenicTending to produce anomalies of formation