It's (AP) Lit

tobeawriter's version from 2016-04-30 23:09


Question Answer
allegorystory or poem in which characters, settings, and events stand for other people or events or for abstract ideas or qualities. Example: Animal Farm represents government
alliterationrepetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together. Example: She sells sea-shells by the seashore
allusionreference to someone or something that is known from history, literature, religion, politics, etc. Example: I was surprised his nose was not growing like Pinocchio’s. Read more at
apostrophecalling out to an imaginary, dead, or absent person, or to a place or thing, or a personified abstract idea. (twinkle twinkle little star poem)
assonancethe repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds especially in words that are together. (Men sell the wedding bells)
connotationthe associations and emotional overtones that have become attached to a word or phrase, in addition to its strict dictionary definition. Example: She is all states, and all princes, I.
consonanceoccurs when two words have the same consonant sound following different vowel sounds. Example: Back in a flash / Hungry for flesh
couplettwo consecutive rhyming lines of poetry. Example: They are mine / Lovely babies / Hair so fine / Gives me rabies
denotationa word's literal meaning. Example: Chick-literally means a "baby bird," but is often used as a somewhat derogatory term for a woman
onomatopoeiathe use of words whose sounds echo their sense. Example: “Pop.” “Zap.”
paradoxa statement that appears self-contradictory, but that reveals a kind of truth. Example: Nobody goes to that restaurant because it is too crowded
prosecan be written or spoken and has no formal metrical structure. It is basically ordinary language - the way people speak. Example: The cheetah is the fastest land animal.
rhythma rise and fall of the voice produced by the alternation of stressed and unstressed syllables in language.
symbola person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself and that also stands for something more than itself. Example: Black is used to represent death or evil.
tonethe attitude a writer takes toward the subject, the characters, or the audience, revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization. Example: In Catcher Rye: "If a girl looks swell when she meets you, who gives a damn if she’s late? Nobody."
themethe insight about human life that is revealed in a literary work. Example: Love and friendship is the theme of Romeo and Juliet and Pride and Prejudice
understatementa statement that says less than what is meant. Example: a British command said of a fierce sand storm that it was "a bit breezy"
satirea type of writing that ridicules the shortcomings of people or institutions in an attempt to bring about a change. Example:
satire 2: butts