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Italian Theory Terms

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antoniasd's version from 2017-09-30 19:13

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  Buongiorno!

Section

Question Answer
a temporeturn to previous tempo
adagioa slwo tempo (between adante and largo)
allegrettofairly fast (slower than allegro)
allegrofast
andantemoderately slow; at a walking pace
andantinoa little faster than slow (faster than andante)
cantabileina singing style
memorize

 

Question Answer
con pedale, con ped.with pedale
crescendo, cresc.becoming louder
da capo, DCrepeat from the beginning
da capo a fine, DC al finerepeat from the beginning and end at fine
dal segnorepeat from the sign
decrescendo, decrescbecoming softer
diminuendo, dimbecoming softer
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Question Answer
dolcesweet, gentle
fermatapause, hold note for longer than value
finethe end
forteloud
fortissimovery loud
graziosograceful
largoslow and broad
memorize
l

 

Question Answer
egatosmooth
larghettloslow (not as slow as largo)
lentoslow
maestosomajestic
mano destra, MDright hand
mano sinistra, MSleft hand
marcato, marc.marked or stressed
memorize

 

Question Answer
mezzo forte, MFmoderately loud
mezzo piano, MPmoderately soft
moderatoat a moderate tempo
ottavaan interval of an octave
panissimo, PPvery soft
piano, Psoft
pretissimoas fast as possible
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Question Answer
prestovery fast
rallentando, rallslowing down
ritardando, ritslowing down gradually
staccatosharply detatched
tempospeed at shich music is performed
tempo primo, tempo 1return to the orriginal tempo)
tenutoheld, sustained
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Question Answer
accelerando, accelbecoming quicker
alla, all'in the manner of
animatolively, animated
assaimuch, very much (for example: allegro assai: very fast)
ben, benewell (for example: ben margato: well marked)
brillantebrilliant
col, coll',colla, collewith (for example: coll'ottava: with an added octave)
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Question Answer
conwith
con briowith vigor or spirit
con espressionewith expression
con motowith movement
e, edand
espressivo, espress.expression, with expression
fortepiano, FPloud then suddenly soft
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Question Answer
graveslwo and solem
leggeriolight, nimble, quick
locoreturn to normal register
mabut (for example: ma no troppo: but not too much)
menoless
meno mossoless movement, slower
MMmetronome marking
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Question Answer
moltomuch, very
nonnot
not topponot too much
piumore
piu mossomore movement
pocolittle
poco a pocolittle by little
quasialmost, as if
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Question Answer
rubatoa flexible tempo using slight variations of speed to enhance musical expression
semprealways, continuously
senzawithout
spiritiosospirited
tenutoheld, sustained
tranquilloquiet, tranquil
tre cordethree strings; release the left piano pedal
troppotoo much
una cordaone string; depress the left piano pedal
vivacelively, brisk
memorize