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Irregular Passato Participio (past participles)

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antoniasd's version from 2017-11-17 16:41

Section

Buongiorno!
(-a, -i, -e)* indicates intranstitive verbs taking the auxilliary verb "essere" in compound tenses

Passato Prossimo: intransitive verbs taking essere:

Question Answer
sono + past participle I have/did......... (-i, -a, -e)
sei + past participleyou have/did......... (-i, -a, -e)
e` + past participlehe/she/it/You have/did......... (-i, -a, -e)
siamo + past participle we have/did........ (-i, -a, -e).
siete + past participleyou (plural) have/did......... (-i, -a, -e)
sono + past participlethey have/did......... (-i, -a, -e)
memorize

Passato Prossimo: transitive verbs taking avere:

Question Answer
ho + past participleI have/did...
hai + past participleyou have/did...
ha + past participlehe/she/it/ You have/did...
abbiamo + past participle we have/did...
avete + past participleyou (plural) have/did...
hanno + past participlethey have/did...
memorize

Passato Infinitivo: past infinitive:

Question Answer
aver + past participlehaving (done something)
aver mangiatohaving eaten
esser + past participle(-o, -i, -a, -e)having (done something)(-o, -i, -a, -e)
esser andato/i/a/ehaving gone
memorize

-eso (all the verb end in -ere)

Question Answer
accendere (to turn on, to light)acceso
apprendere (to learn, to comprehend)appreso
comprendere (to understand, to include)compreso
difendere (to defend)difeso
dipendere (to depend on)dipeso (-a, -i, -e)*
emergere (to emerge)emerso (-a, -i, -e)*
memorize

-eso (all the verb end in -ere)

Question Answer
offendere (to offend)offeso
prendere (to take)preso
pretendere (vt. to demand, vi to aspire to)preteso vi(-a, -i, -e)*
rendere (to make, to give back)reso
sorprendere (to surprise)sorpreso
scendere (to go down)sceso (-a, -i, -e)*
spendere (to spend)speso
memorize

-esso (all the verb end in -ere)

Question Answer
ammettere (to admit, to allow in, to suppose)ammesso
esprimere* (to express *yourself)espresso (-a, -i, -e)*
mettere (to put) *oneselfmesso (-a, -i, -e)*
permettere* (to permit, *to afford)permesso
promettere (to promise, to bode(portend)promesso
smettere (to stop)smesso
succedere (to happen)successo (-a, -i, -e)*
memorize

-iso

Question Answer
decidere (to decide)deciso
dividere (to divide)diviso
ridere (to laugh, to sparkle, shine)riso (-a, -i, -e)
sorridere (to smile)sorriso (-a, -i, -e)
uccidere* (to kill, *yourself)ucciso *(-a, -i, -e)*
memorize

-arso, -also, -erso

Question Answer
ardere (to burn)arso (-a, -i, -e)*
apparire (to appear)apparso (-a, -i, -e)*
comparire (to show up, to appear)comparso(-a, -i, -e)*
parere (to seem)parso (-a, -i, -e)*
scomparire (to disappear)scomparso (-a, -i, -e)*
spargere (to spread)sparso
perdere (to lose)perso/ perduto (avere e essere (-a, -i, -e))
valere (to be worth)valso (-a, -i, -e)*
memorize

-osso

Question Answer
commuovere (to move (with emotion))commosso (-a, -i, -e)
muovere (to move)mosso (-a, -i, -e)
promuovere (to promote)promosso
scuotere (to shake)scosso
memorize

-orso

Question Answer
correre (to run)corso (-a, -i, -e)*
mordere (to bite)morso
occorrere (to happen, to need)occorso (-a, -i, -e)*
soccorrere (to help)soccorso
trascorrere (vt. to have or to spend time; vi to pass time)trascorso (-a, -i, -e)*
memorize

-uso, -usso

Question Answer
chiudere (to close)chiuso
concludereconcluso
confondere* (to confuse, to mix up *to be mistaken)confuso (-a, -i, -e)*
deludere (to disappoint)deluso
diffondere* (vt. to diffuse, *to spread)diffuso (-a, -i, -e)*
discutere (to discuss)discusso
escludere* (vt.to exclude, *leave yourself out)escluso (-a, -i, -e)*
illudere* (to trick, to illude, *delude yrself )illuso
memorize

-uto, -utto, (irr-isto)

Question Answer
bere (bevere)(to drink)bevuto
avvenire {to happen, to occur)avvenuto (-a, -i, -e)
divenire (to become)divenuto (-a, -i, -e)*
distruggere (to destroy, *yourself)distrutto (-a, -i, -e)*
venire (to come)venuto (-a, -i, -e)*
vedere* (to see, to see oneself)visto /(veduto)
vivere (to live)vissuto (-a, -i, -e)*
memorize

-iuto (verbs ending -ere where an "i" is added to maintain the soft "c" sound)

Question Answer
conoscere* (to know, *to be familiar)conosciuto (-a, -i, -e)*
crescere (to raise, to bring up, (di) to grow, to increase)cresciuto (-a, -i, -e)*
dispiacere (to mind, to be sorry)dispiaciuto (-a, -i, -e)*
piacere (to like)piaciuto (-a, -i, -e)*
tacere (vt. to omit, to withhold, to conceal, vi. to be silent)taciuto (-a, -i, -e)*
memorize

-unto (verbs ending -ere)

Question Answer
aggiungere (to add)aggiunto
assumere* (to assume, to take , to hire)assunto (-a, -i, -e)*
giungere (to arrive at, to reach)giunto (-a, -i, -e)*
pungere (to sting, prick)punto
raggiungere (to reach, to get to, to catch up to/with, to achieve)raggiunto
riassumere (to summarize)riassunto
memorize

 

-erto (verbs ending -ire)
Question Answer
aprire (to open)aperto
coprire (to cover)coperto
offrire (to offer)offerto
scoprire* (to discover, *yourself, *to undress)scoperto (-a, -i, -e)*
soffrire (vi to suffer, vt. to not tolerate)sofferto (-a, -i, -e)*
memorize

- to (-ere verbs)

Question Answer
approfittare (di) (to take advantage (of) ) approfittato (-a, -i, -e)
essere (to be)stato (-a, -i, -e)*
stare (to stay, to be)stato
nascere (to be born)nato(-a, -i, -e)*
rimanere (to remain)rimasto(-a, -i, -e)*
scegliere (to choose)scelto
chiedere (to ask for, to ask, to demand)chiesto
memorize

-atto, -etto,

Question Answer
fare (facere) (to do, to make)fatto
sotrarre (sotrarre) (to subtract)sotratto
trarre (traere) (to draw(bring forth), to take in)tratto
correggere (to correct)corretto
dire (dicere) (to say, to tell)detto
leggere (to read)letto
memorize

-otto, -itto

Question Answer
cuocere (to cook)cotto
rompere (to break)rotto
friggere (to fry)fritto
scrivere (to write)scritto
memorize

-otto

Question Answer
produrre (producere)to produce prodotto
tradurre (traducere)to translate tradotto
addurreto advance addotto
condurreto guide condotto
dedurre to deduce dedotto
indurreto induce indotto
introdurreto introduce introdotto
produrre to preduce prodotto
ricondurreto guide back ricondotto
ridurre to reduce ridotto
riprodurre to reproduce riprodotto
sedurre to seduce sedotto
memorize

-anto,-ento, -into

Question Answer
dipingere (to paint, to sketch)dipinto
fingere* ( to pretend, to fake, *to pretend to be ...., *to play to be....)finto (-a, -i, -e)
piangere (to cry, to weep)pianto
spengere* (to shut off, to put out (extinguish), to stifle *to go out by itself, to burn out by itself, to pass away (morire))spento
spingere (to push, to shove)spinto
vincere (to win)vinto
memorize

-olto

Question Answer
risolvererisolto
rivolgersisi rivolto
raccogliere (to pick up, collect, gather, harvest)raccolto
sciogliere ( to break up, unravel,untie)sciolto
togliere (to take off, to remove)tolto
memorize

-orto

Question Answer
accorgersi ( to become aware of oneself)si accorto
morire (to die)morto(-a, -i, -e)*
sorgere (to rise, to appear)sorto (-a, -i, -e)
memorize

-osto (archaic form)

Question Answer
comporre (componere) (to compose)composto
disporredisposto
imporre (imponere) (to impose, to dictate, to force)imposto
porre (ponere) (to put, to place)posto
proporre (proponere) (to propose, to suggest, to put forward)proposto
nascondere* (to hide, hiding (yourself) )nascosto (-a, -i, -e)
rispondere (to answer)risposto
rispondere (to reply)risposto (-a, -i, -e)
memorize