IR 1

djamesmck57's version from 2017-03-04 07:24

Section 1

Question Answer
Levels of AnalysisIndividual (Human Nature-Hitler) good at explaining continuity but bad at explaining change, state(Domestic politics) explains why different states act different but danger of over diffrientiation , and international(abstracts from the motivation behind foreign policy of states focus on structure of world politics good at explainig regularities. International strains state. And individual strain state
Two Level GamesLeaders always negotiate on two of the three levels. They bargain at the international level then the bargain with domestic constiuents about ratification. (International)-national governments seek toto maximize ability to satisfy domestic pressures.(National)-Domestic groups presure thier government, politicians create coalition with those groups,national avoiod international conflict
Win set in two level games international agreements must be ratified at at state level, national pressures lead to international agreements, international agreements are are constrained by there domestic win set, (Win-set)- the win set for a given international agreement is the set of all domestic coalitions that would be sufficient to ratify them. - small domestic winset can be bargaining advantage, , cant be too narrow or too wide, , bargaing device- when its too narrow, and stimbling block- when others tink win set is broad.

Section 2

Question Answer
RealismThings will remain the same, believes in lesser evil the absolute good,
Structural vs humanhuman is based on individuals, while third is based on international system, STRUCTURAL- domestic politics are heiarchic while international is anarchic, no power can police, no monopoly of violence,
Offensive realism Mearsheimeranarchic nature is responsible for aggresive state behavior. international system is anarchic, states posses offensive military capability, uncertainty with other states intentions, , primary goal of state is survival, , states act rationally, , fear leads to self help behavior, states fear other states which leads to self help behavior. which leads to balancing with military and alliances. STATE GOALS- - hegemony, balancing leads to state wanting more power, power is never enough, leads to regional hegemony, and others try to prevent new powers from rising,
balance of powerland most important, economic, military and land power are most important.
defensive realism Waltzthe anarchic structure of politics leads to states wanting to manitain modereate and reserved policies to maintain peace.. you can decide enough power, , too much endangers securitybecause other states dont want hegemony. , states are not threatened by power
balance of threat vs powerthreat- threat requires more than power but powere- power is treat.
Hobeenian naturewe all are equal and want things so if we want something we will destroy or subdue to get it, , we want competition-invade for grain,deffidence-security and glory-reputation.
self helpstates will act in there best interests,
latent powerraw potential a state can draw on to compete.
internal balancingincreade on power
externalget allies
relative gainactions performed to balance power, power is limited, zero sum game
balance of threatstates alliance is bassed on threat by other states
preemptive vs preventivepreemptive- attck before they do , preventive- attack before they grow
buckpassingputting due on others
security dilemna